1. Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (2008) Infant Feeding Survey 2005: A Commentary on Infant Feeding Practices in the UK: Position Statement. London: TSO.
2. Saadeh, RJE (editor) (1993) Breastfeeding: The Technical Basis and Recommendations for Action. Breastfeeding in the 1990s Technical Meeting, June 1990. Geneva: WHO.
3. Davis, MK (2001) Breastfeeding and chronic disease in childhood and adolescence. Pediatr Clin North Am 48, 125–141.
4. Schack-Nielsen, L, Larnkjaer, A & Michaelsen, KF (2005) Long term effects of breastfeeding on the infant and mother. Adv Exp Med Biol 569, 16–23.
5. Greer, FR (2005) Breastfeeding and cardiovascular disease: where’s the beef? Pediatrics 115, 1765.
6. Fall, CH, Barker, DJ, Osmond, C et al. (1992) Relation of infant feeding to adult serum cholesterol concentration and death from ischaemic heart disease. BMJ 304, 801–805.
7. Martin, RM, Davey Smith, G, Mangtani, P et al. (2004) Breastfeeding and cardiovascular mortality: the Boyd Orr cohort and a systematic review with meta-analysis. Eur Heart J 25, 778–786.
8. Martin, RM, Ben-Shlomo, Y, Gunnell, D et al. (2005) Breast feeding and cardiovascular disease risk factors, incidence, and mortality: the Caerphilly study. J Epidemiol Community Health 59, 121–129.
9. Owen, CG, Whincup, PH, Odoki, K et al. (2002) Infant feeding and blood cholesterol: a study in adolescents and a systematic review. Pediatrics 110, 597–608.
10. Owen, CG, Martin, RM, Whincup, PH et al. (2005) Effect of infant feeding on the risk of obesity across the life course: a quantitative review of published evidence. Pediatrics 115, 1367–1377.
11. Ravelli, AC, van der Meulen, JH, Osmond, C et al. (2000) Infant feeding and adult glucose tolerance, lipid profile, blood pressure, and obesity. Arch Dis Child 82, 248–252.
12. Owen, CG, Martin, RM, Whincup, PH et al. (2005) The effect of breastfeeding on mean body mass index throughout life: a quantitative review of published and unpublished observational evidence. Am J Clin Nutr 82, 1298–1307.
13. Owen, CG, Whincup, PH, Gilg, JA et al. (2003) Effect of breast feeding in infancy on blood pressure in later life: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ 327, 1189–1195.
14. Martin, RM, Gunnell, D & Smith, GD (2005) Breastfeeding in infancy and blood pressure in later life: systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Epidemiol 161, 15–26.
15. Gunnarsdottir, I, Aspelund, T, Birgisdottir, BE et al. (2007) Infant feeding patterns and midlife erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Acta Paediatr 96, 852–856.
16. Martin, RM, Ness, AR, Gunnell, D et al. ; ALSPAC Study Team (2004) Does breast-feeding in infancy lower blood pressure in childhood? The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Circulation 109, 1259–1266.
17. Victora, CG, Barros, F, Lima, RC et al. (2003) Anthropometry and body composition of 18 year old men according to duration of breast feeding: birth cohort study from Brazil. BMJ 327, 901.
18. Martin, RM, Smith, GD, Mangtani, P et al. (2002) Association between breast feeding and growth: the Boyd-Orr cohort study. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 87, F193–F201.
19. Singhal, A, Cole, TJ, Fewtrell, M et al. (2004) Breastmilk feeding and lipoprotein profile in adolescents born preterm: follow-up of a prospective randomised study. Lancet 363, 1571–1578.
20. Singhal, A, Cole, TJ & Lucas, A (2001) Early nutrition in preterm infants and later blood pressure: two cohorts after randomised trials. Lancet 357, 413–419.
21. Boreham, C, Savage, JM, Primrose, D et al. (1993) Coronary risk factors in schoolchildren. Arch Dis Child 68, 182–186.
22. Gallagher, AM, Savage, JM, Murray, LJ et al. (2002) A longitudinal study through adolescence to adulthood: the young hearts project, Northern Ireland. Public Health 116, 332–340.
23. Boreham, C, Twisk, J, Murray, L et al. (2001) Fitness, fatness, and coronary heart disease risk in adolescents: the Northern Ireland young hearts project. Med Sci Sports Exerc 33, 270–274.
24. Durnin, JV & Rahaman, MM (1967) The assessment of the amount of fat in the human body from measurements of skinfold thickness. Br J Nutr 21, 681–689.
25. Friedewald, WT, Levy, RI & Fredrickson, DS (1972) Estimation of the concentration of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in plasma, without use of the preparative ultracentrifuge. Clin Chem 18, 499–502.
26. Freeman, JV, Cole, TJ, Chinn, S et al. (1995) Cross sectional stature and weight reference curves for the UK, 1990. Arch Dis Child 73, 17–24.
27. Rogers, IS, Emmett, PM & Golding, J (1997) The growth and nutritional status of the breast-fed infant. Early Hum Dev 49, Suppl., S157–S174.
28. Moor, V & Davies, M (2001) Early life influences on later health: the role of nutrition. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 10, 113–117.
29. Dietz, WH (2001) Breastfeeding may help prevent childhood overweight. JAMA 285, 2506–2507.
30. Lewis, DS, Bertrand, HA, McMahan, CA et al. (1986) Preweaning food intake influences the adiposity of young adult baboons. J Clin Invest 78, 899–905.
31. Kark, JD, Troya, G, Friedlander, Y et al. (1984) Validity of maternal reporting of breast feeding history and the association with blood lipids in 17 year olds in Jerusalem. J Epidemiol Community Health 38, 218–225.
32. Davey Smith, G, Hart, C, Upton, M et al. (2000) Height and risk of death among men and women: aetiological implications of associations with cardiorespiratory disease and cancer mortality. J Epidemiol Community Health 54, 97–103.
33. Lee, CM, Barzi, F, Woodward, M et al. ; for The Asia Pacific Cohort Studies Collaboration (2009) Adult height and the risks of cardiovascular disease and major causes of death in the Asia-Pacific region: 21 000 deaths in 510 000 men and women. Int J Epidemiol 38, 1060–1071.
34. Mozingo, JN, Davis, MW, Droppleman, PG et al. (2000) ‘It wasn’t working’. Women’s experiences with short-term breastfeeding. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 25, 120–126.