Musaiger, AO (2011) Overweight and obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean: prevalence and possible causes. J Obes
Yusuf, S, Hawken, S, Ounpuu, S
et al. (2005) Obesity and the risk of myocardial infarction in 27 000 participants from 52 countries: a case–control study. Lancet
United Nations (2013) 2011 UN High Level Meeting on Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases, New York, 19–20 September 2011. http://www.un.org/en/ga/ncdmeeting2011/ (accessed March 2013).
Finucane, MM, Stevens, GA, Cowan, MJ
et al. (2011) National, regional, and global trends in body-mass index since 1980: systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies with 960 country-years and 91 million participants. Lancet
Monteiro, CA, Moura, EC, Conde, WL
et al. (2004) Socioeconomic status and obesity in adult populations of developing countries: a review. Bull World Health Organ
Asfaw, A (2007) Do government food price policies affect the prevalence of obesity? Empirical evidence from Egypt. World Dev
Ghassemi, H, Harrison, G & Mohammad, K (2002) An accelerated nutrition transition in Iran. Public Health Nutr
Galal, OM (2002) The nutrition transition in Egypt: obesity, undernutrition and the food consumption context. Public Health Nutr
Azarpazhooh, MR, Etemadi, MM, Donnan, GA
et al. (2010) Excessive incidence of stroke in Iran: evidence from the Mashhad Stroke Incidence Study (MSIS), a population-based study of stroke in the Middle East. Stroke
Harati, H, Hadaegh, F, Saadat, N
et al. (2009) Population-based incidence of type 2 diabetes and its associated risk factors: results from a six-year cohort study in Iran. BMC Public Health
International Agency for Research on Cancer (2011) The GLOBOCAN Project. http://globocan.iarc.fr/ (accessed August 2011).
McPherson, K, Marsh, T & Brown, M (2007) Tackling Obesities: Future Choices – Modelling Future Trends in Obesity and Their Impact on Health. Report for Foresight. London: Government Office of the Chief Scientist.
Wang, C, McPherson, K, Marsh, T
et al. (2011) Health and economic burden of projected obesity trends in the USA and the UK. Lancet
Webber, L, Kilpi, F, Marsh, T
et al. (2012) Modelling obesity trends and related diseases in Eastern Europe. Obes Rev
Webber, L, Kilpi, F, Marsh, T
et al. (2012) High rates of obesity and non-communicable diseases predicted across Latin America. PLoS One
World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean (2006) Active Aging and Promotion of the Health of the Older People. Cairo: WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean.
Ajlouni, K, Khader, YS, Batieha, A
et al. (2008) An increase in prevalence of diabetes mellitus in Jordan over 10 years. J Diabetes Complications
Shaw, JE, Sicree, RA & Zimmet, PZ (2010) Global estimates of the prevalence of diabetes for 2010 and 2030. Diabetes Res Clin Pract
Benamer, HT & Grosset, D (2009) Stroke in Arab countries: systematic literature review. J Neurol Sci
World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean (2009) Towards a strategy for cancer control in the Eastern Mediterranean region. http://www.emro.who.int/dsaf/dsa1002.pdf (accessed January 2012).
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2012) FAOSTAT food balance sheets. http://faostat.fao.org/ (accessed January 2012).
Musaiger, AO, Hassan, AS & Obeid, O (2011) The paradox of nutrition-related diseases in the Arab countries: the need for action. Int J Environ Res Public Health
Al-Nozha, M, Al-Hazzaa, H, Arafah, MR
et al. (2007) Physical activity and inactivity among Saudi aged 30–70 years: a population-based cross-sectional study. Saudi Med J
Aitsi-Selmi, A, Chandola, T, Friel, S
et al. (2012) Interaction between education and household wealth on the risk of obesity in women in Egypt. PLoS One
Beaglehole, R, Bonita, R, Horton, R
et al. (2011) Priority actions for the non-communicable disease crisis. Lancet
Musaiger, AO & Al-Mannai, MA (2001) Weight, height, body mass index and prevalence of obesity among the adult population in Bahrain. Ann Hum Biol
Al-Mahroos, F & Al-Roomi, K (2001) Obesity among adult Bahraini population: impact of physical activity and educational level. Ann Saudi Med
Anon (2002) National Nutrition Survey for Adult Bahrainis Aged 19 Years and Above. Kingdom of Bahrain: Ministry of Health.
Anon (2009) National Non-communicable Diseases Risk Factors Survey 2007 (STEPS). Kingdom of Bahrain: Ministry of Health.
Ellabany, E & Abel-Nasser, MA (2006) Community Based Survey Study on Non-Communicable Diseases and Their Risk Factors, Egypt, 2005–2006 (STEPS). Egypt: MoH Egypt.
El-Zanaty, F & Way, A (2009) Egypt Demographic and Health Survey 2008. Cairo: Ministry of Health, El-Zanaty and Associates, and Macro International.
Sarraf-Zadegan, N, Boshtam, M & Rafiei, M (1999) Risk factors for coronary artery disease in Isfahan, Iran. Eur J Public Health
Hosseinpanah, F, Barzin, M, Eskandary, PS
et al. (2009) Trends of obesity and abdominal obesity in Tehranian adults: a cohort study. BMC Public Health
Hajian-Tilaki, KO & Heidari, B (2007) Prevalence of obesity, central obesity and the associated factors in urban population aged 20–70 years, in the north of Iran: a population-based study and regression approach. Obes Rev
Rashidy-Pour, A, Malek, M, Eskandarian, R
et al. (2009) Obesity in the Iranian population. Obes Rev
Ajlouni, K, Jaddou, H & Batieha, A (1998) Obesity in Jordan. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord
Khader, Y, Batieha, A, Ajlouni, H
et al. (2008) Obesity in Jordan: prevalence, associated factors, comorbidities, and change in prevalence over ten years. Metab Syndr Relat Disord
Al-Isa, AN (1997) Changes in body mass index (BMI) and prevalence of obesity among Kuwaitis 1980–1994. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord
Ministry of Health (2004) Kuwait Nutrition Surveillance System, Jan–Dec 2004. Kuwait: MoH Kuwait.
Sibai, AM, Hwalla, N, Adra, N
et al. (2003) Prevalence and covariates of obesity in Lebanon: findings from the first epidemiological study. Obes Res
Al-Lawati, JA & Jousilahti, PJ (2004) Prevalence and 10-year secular trend of obesity in Oman. Saudi Med J
Al-Nozha, MM, Al-Mazrou, YY, Al-Maatouq, MA
et al. (2005) Obesity in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J
55. Anon (date not known) Untitled risk factor data from Saudi Arabia; Ministry of Health Saudi Arabia, Kind Saudi University. From WHO Global Database on Body Mass Index. http://apps.who.int/bmi/ (accessed March 2011).
Al-Hamdan, NA, Kutbi, A, Choudhry, AJ
et al. (2005) WHO Stepwise approach to NCD Surveillance Country-Specific Report Saudi Arabia (STEPS 2005). Saudi Arabia: MoH Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Erem, C, Yildiz, R, Kavgaci, H
et al. (2001) Prevalence of diabetes, obesity and hypertension in a Turkish population (Trabzon city). Diabetes Res Clin Pract
Hatemi, H, Yumuk, VD, Turan, N
et al. (2003) Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Turkey. Metab Syndr Relat Disord
Yumuk, VD, Hatemi, H, Tarakci, T
et al. (2005) High prevalence of obesity and diabetes mellitus in Konya, a central Anatolian city in Turkey. Diabetes Res Clin Pract
Erem, C, Arslan, C, Hacihasanoglu, A
et al. (2004) Prevalence of obesity and associated risk factors in a Turkish population (Trabzon city, Turkey). Obes Res
Oğuz, A, Temizhan, A, Abaci, A
et al. (2008) Obesity and abdominal obesity; an alarming challenge for cardio-metabolic risk in Turkish adults. Anatolian J Cardiol
Iseri, A & Arslan, N (2009) Obesity in adults in Turkey: age and regional effects. Eur J Public Health