Abelson, JL, Khan, S, Liberzon, I, Young, EA (2007). HPA axis activity in patients with panic disorder: review and synthesis of four studies. Depression and Anxiety
American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edn.
American Psychiatric Association: Washington, DC.
Asselmann, E, Beesdo-Baum, K (2015). Predictors of the course of anxiety disorders in adolescents and young adults. Current Psychiatry Reports
Asselmann, E, Wittchen, HU, Lieb, R, Höfler, M, Beesdo-Baum, K (2014
a). Associations of fearful spells and panic attacks with incident anxiety, depressive, and substance use disorders: a 10-year prospective–longitudinal community study of adolescents and young adults. Journal of Psychiatric Research
Asselmann, E, Wittchen, HU, Lieb, R, Höfler, M, Beesdo-Baum, K (2014
b). Does helpseeking alter the risk for incident psychopathology in adolescents and young adults with and without fearful spells or panic attacks? Findings from a 10-year prospective–longitudinal community study. Journal of Affective Disorders
Baldwin, DS, Anderson, IM, Nutt, DJ, Allgulander, C, Bandelow, B, den Boer, H, Christmas, DM, Davies, S, Fineberg, N, Malizia, A, McCrone, P, Nabarro, D, O'Neill, C, Scott, J, van der Wee, N, Wittchen, H-U (2014). Evidence-based pharmacological treatment of anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder and obsessive–compulsive disorder: a revision of the 2005 guidelines from the British Association for Psychopharmacology. Journal of Psychopharmacology
Beesdo, K, Pine, DS, Lieb, R, Wittchen, HU (2010). Incidence and risk patterns of anxiety and depressive disorders and categorization of generalized anxiety disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry
Beesdo-Baum, K, Höfler, M, Gloster, AT, Klotsche, J, Lieb, R, Beauducel, A, Bühner, M, Kessler, RC, Wittchen, HU (2009). The structure of common mental disorders: a replication study in a community sample of adolescents and young adults. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Bittner, A, Egger, HL, Erkanli, A, Jane Costello, E, Foley, DL, Angold, A (2007). What do childhood anxiety disorders predict?
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Bittner, A, Goodwin, RD, Wittchen, H-U, Beesdo, K, Hofler, M, Lieb, R (2004). What characteristics of primary anxiety disorders predict subsequent major depressive disorders?
Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Boyd, A, Goulding, J, Macleod, J, Lawler, DA, Fraser, A, Henderson, J, Molloy, L, Ness, A, Ring, S, Davey Smith, G (2013). Cohort profile. The ‘Children of the 90s’ – the index offspring of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. International Journal of Epidemiology
Chen, Y, Li, H (2009). Mother's education and child health: is there a nurturing effect?
Compton, SN, March, JS, Brent, D, Albano, A, Weersing, VR, Curry, J (2004). Cognitive–behavioral psychotherapy for anxiety and depressive disorders in children and adolescents: an evidence-based medicine review. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Davies, S, Allgulander, C (2013). Anxiety and cardiovascular disease. In Modern Trends in Pharmacopsychiatry – Anxiety Disorders, vol. 29 (ed. Baldwin, D. S. and Lennard, B. E.), pp. 85–97. Karger: Basel.
Davies, SJC, Bjerkeset, O, Nutt, DJ, Lewis, G (2012). A U-shaped relationship between systolic blood pressure and panic symptoms: the HUNT study. Psychological Medicine
Faravelli, C, Lo Sauro, C, Godini, L, Lelli, L, Benni, L, Pietrini, F, Lazzeretti, L, Talamba, GA, Fioravanti, G, Ricca, V (2012). Childhood stressful events, HPA axis and anxiety disorders. World Journal of Psychiatry
Gates, L, Lineberger, MR, Crockett, J, Hubbard, J (1988). Birth order and its relationship to depression, anxiety, and self-concept test scores in children. Journal of Genetic Psychology
Gilbody, SM, House, AO, Sheldon, TA (2005). Screening and case finding for depression. Cochrane Database Systematic Reviews
2005, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD002792. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD002792.pub2.
Golding, J, Pembrey, M, Jones, R, ALSPAC Study Team (2001). ALSPAC – the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. I. Study methodology. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
Goodman, A, Heiervang, E, Collishaw, S, Goodman, R (2011). The ‘DAWBA bands’ as an ordered-categorical measure of child mental health: description and validation in British and Norwegian samples. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Goodman, R, Ford, T, Richards, H, Meltzer, H (2000). The Development and Well-Being Assessment: description and initial validation of an integrated assessment of child and adolescent psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Goodwin, RD (2002). Anxiety disorders and the onset of depression among adults in the community. Psychological Medicine
Hettema, JM (2008). The nosologic relationship between generalized anxiety disorder and major depression. Depression and Anxiety
Hunot, V, Churchill, R, Teixeira, V, Silva de Lima, M (2007). Psychological therapies for generalised anxiety disorder. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
2007, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD001848. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001848.pub4.
Ishikawa, SI, Okajima, I, Matsuoka, H, Sakano, Y (2007). Cognitive behavioural therapy for anxiety disorders in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis. Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Jaffee, SR, Moffitt, TE, Caspi, A, Fombonne, E, Poulton, R, Martin, J (2002). Differences in early childhood risk factors for juvenile-onset and adult-onset depression. Archives of General Psychiatry
Kendler, KS (1996). Major depression and generalised anxiety disorder. Same genes, (partly)differing environments – revisited. British Journal of Psychiatry Supplement
Kendler, KS, Gardner, CO, Gatz, M, Pedersen, NL (2007). The sources of co-morbidity between major depression and generalized anxiety disorder in a Swedish national twin sample. Psychological Medicine
Kendler, KS, Prescott, CA, Myers, J, Neale, MC (2003). The structure of genetic and environmental risk factors for common psychiatric and substance use disorders in men and women. Archives of General Psychiatry
Kessler, RC, Chiu, WT, Dernier, O, Walters, EE (2005). Prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of 12-month DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of General Psychiatry
Kessler, RC, Nelson, CB, McGonagle, KA, Liu, J, Swartz, M, Blazer, DG (1996). Comorbidity of DSM-III-R major depressive disorder in the general population: results from the US National Comorbidity Survey. British Journal of Psychiatry Supplement
Kessler, RC, Stang, PE, Wittchen, HU, Ustun, TB, Roy-Burne, PP, Walters, EE (1998). Lifetime panic–depression comorbidity in the National Comorbidity Survey. Archives of General Psychiatry
Krueger, RF (1999). The structure of common mental disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry
Letourneau, NL, Fedick, CB, Willms, JD, Dennis, C-L, Hegadoren, K, Stewart, MJ (2006). Longitudinal study of postpartum depression, maternal–child relationships, and children's behaviour to 8 years of age. In Parent–Child Relations: New Research (ed. Devore, D.), pp. 45–63. Nova Science: New York.
Lewinsohn, PM, Rohde, P, Klein, DN, Seeley, JR (1999). Natural course of adolescent major depressive disorder: I. Continuity into young adulthood. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Lewis, G (1994). Assessing psychiatric disorder with a human interviewer or a computer. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Mennin, DS, Heimberg, RG, Fresco, DM, Ritter, MR (2008). Is generalized anxiety disorder an anxiety or mood disorder? Considering multiple factors we ponder the fate of GAD. Depression and Anxiety
Merikangas, KR, He, JP, Burstein, M, Swanson, SA, Avenevoli, S, Cui, L, Benjet, C, Georgiades, K, Swendsen, J (2010). Lifetime prevalence of mental disorders in US adolescents: results from the National Comorbidity Study-Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A). Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Merikangas, KR, Zhang, H, Avenevoli, S, Acharyya, S, Neuenschwander, M, Angst, J (2003). Longitudinal trajectories of depression and anxiety in a prospective community study: the Zurich Cohort Study. Archives of General Psychiatry
Molina, E, Cervilla, J, Rivera, M, Torres, F, Bellón, JA, Moreno, B, King, M, Nazareth, I, Gutiérrez, B (2011). Polymorphic variation at the serotonin 1-A receptor gene is associated with comorbid depression and generalized anxiety. Psychiatric Genetics
Mrazek, P, Haggerty, R (1994). Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders: Frontiers for Preventive Intervention Research. National Academies Press: Washington, DC.
Office of Population Censuses and Surveys (1995). Standard Occupational Classification, vol. 2, 2nd edn.
Olfson, M, Shaffer, D, Marcus, SC, Greenberg, T (2003). Relationship between antidepressant medication treatment and suicide in adolescents. Archives of General Psychiatry
Park, AL, Fuhrer, R, Quesnel-Vallée, A (2013). Parents’ education and the risk of major depression in early adulthood. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Pine, DS, Cohen, P, Gurley, D, Brook, J & Ma, Y (1998). The risk for early-adulthood anxiety and depressive disorders in adolescents with anxiety and depressive disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry
Ravindran, LN, Stein, MB (2010). The pharmacologic treatment of anxiety disorders: a review of progress. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Roy, MA, Neale, MC, Pedersen, NL, Mathé, AA, Kendler, KS (1995). A twin study of generalized anxiety disorder and major depression. Psychological Medicine
Simon, E, Bögels, SM (2009). Screening for anxiety disorders in children. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Skapinakis, P, Lewis, G, Davies, S, Brugha, T, Prince, M, Singleton, N (2011). Panic disorder and subthreshold panic in the UK general population: epidemiology, comorbidity and functional limitation. European Psychiatry
Slade, T, Watson, D (2006). The structure of common DSM-IV and ICD-10 mental disorders in the Australian general population. Psychological Medicine
Sobocki, P, Jonsson, B, Angst, J, Rehnberg, C (2006). Cost of depression in Europe. Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
StataCorp. (2011). Stata Statistical Software: Release 12. StataCorp LP: College Station, TX.
Stein, MB, Fuetsch, M, Müller, N, Höfler, M, Lieb, R, Wittchen, HU (2001). Social anxiety disorder and the risk of depression: a prospective community study of adolescents and young adults. Archives of General Psychiatry
Vollebergh, WA, Iedema, J, Bijl, RV, de Graaf, R, Smit, F, Ormel, J (2001). The structure and stability of common mental disorders: The NEMESIS Study. Archives of General Psychiatry
Wilkinson, DJ, Thompson, JM, Lambert, GW, Jennings, GL, Schwarz, RG, Jefferys, D, Turner, AG, Esler, MD (1998). Sympathetic activity in patients with panic disorder at rest, under laboratory mental stress, and during panic attacks. Archives of General Psychiatry
Wittchen, HU, Beesdo-Baum, K, Gloster, A, Höfler, M, Klotsche, J, Lieb, R, Beauducel, A, Bühner, M, Kessler, RC (2009). The structure of mental disorders re-examined: is it developmentally stable and robust against additions?
International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Wittchen, HU, Beesdo, K, Bittner, A, Goodwin, RD (2003
a). Depressive episodes – evidence for a causal role of primary anxiety disorders?
Wittchen, HU, Härtling, S, Dukes, E, Morlock, R, Edelsberg, J, Oster, G, Berger, A (2012). Generalized anxiety disorder in primary care. Patterns of healthcare utilization in Germany [article in German]. MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
154 (Suppl. 3), 77–84.
Wittchen, HU, Kessler, RC, Beesdo, K, Krause, P, Höfler, M, Hoyer, J (2002). Generalized anxiety and depression in primary care: prevalence, recognition, and management. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
63 (Suppl. 8), 24–34.
Wittchen, HU, Lecrubier, Y, Beesdo, K, Nocon, A (2003
b). Relationships among anxiety disorders: patterns and implications. In Anxiety Disorders (ed. Nutt, D. J. and Ballenger, J. C.), pp. 25–37. Blackwell Publications: Oxford.
World Health Organization (1993). The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Diagnostic Criteria for Research. WHO: Geneva.