Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The scientific status of electro-convulsive therapy1

  • T. J. Crow
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The scientific status of electro-convulsive therapy1
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The scientific status of electro-convulsive therapy1
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The scientific status of electro-convulsive therapy1
      Available formats
      ×

Abstract

Copyright

References

Hide All
Avery, D. & Winokur, G. (1976). Mortality in depressed patients treated with electroconvulsive therapy and anti-depressants. Archives of General Psychiatry 33, 10291037.
Avery, D. & Winokur, G. (1978). Suicide, attempted suicide, and relapse rates in depression: occurrence after ECT and antidepressant therapy. Archives of General Psychiatry 35, 749753.
Bidder, T. G., Strain, L. J. & Brunschwig, L. (1970). Bilateral and unilateral ECT. Follow-up study and critique. American Journal of Psychiatry 127, 737745.
Brill, N. Q., Crumpton, E., Eiduson, S., Grayson, H. M., Hellman, L. I. & Richards, P. A. (1959). Relative effectiveness of various components of electroconvulsive therapy. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry 81, 627635.
Costain, D. W., Grahame-Smith, D. G. & Green, A. R. (1978). Relevance of the enhanced 5-hydroxytryptamine behavioural responses in rats to electroconvulsive therapy. British Journal of Pharmacology 62, 394P.
Costello, C. G. (1976). Electroconvulsive therapy: is further investigation necessary? Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal 21, 6167.
Cronholm, B. & Ottosson, J. -O. (1960). Experimental studies of the therapeutic action of electroconvulsive therapy in endogenous depression. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica Suppl. 145, 35, 69101.
Cronholm, B. & Ottosson, J. -O. (1963). The experience of memory function after electroconvulsive therapy. British Journal of Psychiatry 109, 251258.
Cronin, D., Bodley, P., Potts, L., Mather, M. D., Gardner, R. K. & Tobin, J. C. (1970). Unilateral and bilateral ECT: a study of memory disturbance and relief from depression. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 33, 705713.
Cross, A. J., Deakin, J. F. W., Lofthouse, R., Longden, A., Owen, F. & Poulter, M. (1979). On the mechanism of action of electro-convulsive therapy: some behavioural and biochemical consequences of repeated electrically induced seizures in rats. British Journal of Pharmacology (in the press).
Evans, J., Grahame-Smith, D. G., Green, A. R. & Tordoff, A. F. C. (1976). Electroconvulsive shock increases the behavioural responses of rats to brain 5-hydroxytryptamine accumulation and central nervous system stimulant drugs. British Journal of Pharmacology 56, 193199.
Fahy, P., Imlah, N. & Harrington, J. (1963). A controlled comparison of electroconvulsive therapy, imipramine and thiopentone sleep in depression. Journal of Neuropsychiatry 4, 310314.
Freeman, C. P. (1978). How does ECT work? Lancet ii, 893894.
Freeman, C. P., Basson, J. V. & Crighton, A. (1978). Double-blind controlled trial of electro-convulsive therapy (ECT) and simulated ECT in depressive illness. Lancet i, 738740.
Green, A. R. (1978). Repeated exposure of rats to the convulsant agent flurothyl enhances 5-hydroxytryptamine and dopamine mediated behavioural responses. British Journal of Pharmacology 62, 325331.
Greenblatt, M., Grosser, G. H. & Wechsler, H. (1962). A comparative study of selected antidepressant medications and ECT. American Journal of Psychiatry 119, 144153.
Greenblatt, M., Grosser, G. H. & Wechsler, H. (1964). Differential response of hospitalized depressed patients to somatic therapy. American Journal of Psychiatry 120, 935943.
Halliday, A. M., Davison, K., Brown, M. W. & Kreeger, L. C. (1968). A comparison of the effects on depression and memory of bilateral ECT and unilateral ECT to the dominant and non-dominant hemispheres. British Journal of Psychiatry 114, 9971012.
Hamilton, M. (1960). A rating scale for depression. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 23, 5662.
Herrington, R. N., Bruce, A., Johnstone, E. C. & Lader, M. H. (1974). Comparative trial of L-tryptophan and ECT in severe depressive illness. Lancet ii, 731734.
Kendell, R. E. (1978). Electroconvulsive therapy. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 71, 319321.
Lambourn, J. & Gill, D. (1978). A controlled comparison of simulated and real ECT. British Journal of Psychiatry 133, 514519.
Laurell, B. (1970). Comparison of electric and flurothyl convulsive therapy. II. Antidepressive effect. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica Suppl. 145, 2235.
Lowinger, P. & Dobie, S. (1969). What makes the placebo work? A study of placebo response rates. Archives of General Psychiatry 20, 8488.
McDonald, I. M., Perkins, M., Marjerrison, G. & Podilsky, M. (1966). A controlled comparison of amitriptyline and electroconvulsive therapy in the treatment of depression. American Journal of Psychiatry 112, 14271431.
Medical Research Council (1965). Report by Clinical Psychiatry Committee. Clinical trial of the treatment of depressive illness. British Medical Journal i, 881886.
Miller, D. H., Clancy, J. & Cumming, E. (1953). A comparison between unidirectional current nonconvulsive electrical stimulation given with Reiter's machine, standard alternating current electroshock (Cerletti method), and pentothal in chronic schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry 109, 617621.
Modigh, K. (1975). Electroconvulsive shock and post-synaptic catecholamine effects: increased psychomotor stimulant action of apomorphine and clonidine in reserpine pretreated mice by repeated ECT. Journal of Neural Transactions 36, 1932.
Modigh, K. (1976). Long-term effects of electroconvulsive shock therapy on synthesis, turnover and uptake of brain monoamines. Psychopharmacology 49, 179185.
Robin, A. A. & Harris, J. A. (1962). A controlled comparison of imipramine and electroplexy. Journal of Mental Science 106, 217219.
Squire, L. R. (1975). A stable impairment in remote memory following electroconvulsive therapy. Neuropsychologia 13, 5158.
Squire, L. R. & Chace, P. M. (1975). Memory functions six to nine months after electroconvulsive therapy. Archives of General Psychiatry 32, 15571564.
Squire, L. R. &, Miller, P. L. (1974). Diminution of anterograde amnesia following electroconvulsive therapy. British Journal of Psychiatry 125, 490495.
Sternberg, D. E. & Jarvik, M. E. (1976). Memory functions in depression. Archives of General Psychiatry 33, 219224.
Teuber, H. L., Corkin, S. & Twitchwell, T. E. (1976). A study of cingulotomy in man. A report to the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioural Research.
Ulett, G. A., Smith, K. & Gleser, G. C. (1956). Evaluation of convulsive and subconvulsive shock therapies utilizing a control group. American Journal of Psychiatry 112, 795802.
Wechsler, H., Grosser, G. H. & Greenblatt, M. (1965). Research evaluating antidepressant medications on hospitalized mental patients: a survey of published reports during a five-year period. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 141, 231239.
Wilson, L. C., Vernon, J. T., Guin, T. & Sandifer, M. G. (1963). A controlled study of treatments of depression. Journal of Neuropsychiatry 4, 331337.
Wittenborn, J. R., Plante, M., Burgess, F. & Maurer, H. (1962). A comparison of imipramine, electroconvulsive therapy and placebo in the treatment of depressions. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 135, 131137.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed