Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Road traffic noise, noise sensitivity and psychological disorder

  • Stephen A. Stansfeld (a1), Dan S. Sharp (a1), John Gallacher (a1) and Wolfgang Babisch (a1)

Synopsis

The relationship between traffic noise exposure and psychological morbidity was assessed using the population-based Caerphilly Collaborative Survey of 2398 men from Caerphilly, South Wales. The findings showed that traffic noise exposure levels were strongly associated with annoyance to noise. Noise-sensitive men were more likely to be highly annoyed by noise exposure than less noise-sensitive men. There was no direct association between noise exposure level and psychological morbidity but there were provocative interactions with noise sensitivity. The role of noise sensitivity is discussed as an indicator of vulnerability to environmental stressors and a measure of negative affectivity and over-reporting.

Copyright

Corresponding author

1Address for correspondence: Dr Stephen A. Stansfeld, Academic Department of Psychiatry, University College and Middlesex Hospital School of Medicine, Wolfson Building, Riding House Street, London W1N 8AA.

References

Hide All
Anderson, C. M. B. (1972). The Measurement of Attitude to Noise and Noises. National Physical Laboratory Acoustics Report, Ac 52: Teddington, Middlesex.
Babisch, W., Ising, H., Gallacher, J. E. J. & Elwood, P. C. (1988). Traffic noise and cardiovascular risk. Caerphilly Study first phase outdoor noise levels and risk factors. Archives of Environmental Health 43, 407414.
Barsky, A. J., Goodson, J. D., Lane, R. S. & Cleary, P. D. (1988). Amplification of somatic symptoms. Psychosomatic Medicine 50, 510519.
Breslow, N. E. & Day, N. E. (1980). Statistical Methods in Cancer Research: Volume I – The Analysis of Case-control Studies, p. 196. IARC: Lyon, France.
Bullen, R. B., Hede, A. J. & Kyriacos, E. (1986). Reaction to aircraft noise in residential areas around Australian airports. Journal of Sound and Vibration 108, 199225.
Caerphilly and Speedwell Collaborative Group. (1984). Caerphilly and Speedwell collaborative heart disease studies. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 38, 259262.
Finke, H. O., Guski, R., Martin, R., Rohrmann, B., Schumer, R. & Schumer-Kohrs, A. (1974). Effects of aircraft noise on man. Proceedings of the Symposium on Noise in Transportation, Section III, paper 1.Institute of Sound and Vibration Research,Southampton.
Fleiss, J. L. (1981). Statistical Methods for Rates and Proportions, 2nd edn, pp. 161165. John Wiley & Sons: New York.
Goldberg, D. P. (1972). The Detection of Psychiatric Illness by Questionnaire. Oxford University Press: London.
Goldberg, D. P. & Blackwell, B. (1970). Psychiatric illness in general practice. A detailed study using a new method of case identification. British Medical Journal ii, 439443.
Grandjean, E., Graf, P., Cauber, A., Meier, H. P. & Muller, R. (1973). A survey of aircraft noise in Switzerland. Proceedings of the International Congress on Noise as a Public Health Problem, Dubrovnik, pp. 645659. US Environmental Protection Agency Publications, 500/973–008: Washington, DC.
Griffiths, I. D. & Langdon, F. J. (1968). Subjective response to road traffic noise. Journal of Sound and Vibration 81, 1632.
Iwata, O. (1984). The relationship of noise sensitivity to health and personality. Japanese Psychological Research 26, 7581.
Jenkins, L. M., Tarnopolsky, A. & Hand, D. J. (1981). Psychiatric admissions and aircraft noise from London Airport. Four-year, three hospitals' study. Psychological Medicine 11, 765782.
Job, R. F. S. (1988). Community response to noise: a review of factors influencing the relationship between noise exposure and reaction. Journal of the Acoustic Society of America 83, 9911001.
Jonah, B. A., Bradley, J. S. & Dawson, N. E. (1981). Predicting individual subjective responses to traffic noise. Journal of Applied Psychology 66, 490501.
Kasl, S. V. (1984). Life stress and health. In Health Care and Human Behaviour (ed. Steptoe, A. and Mathews, A.), pp. 4171. Academic Press: London.
Kryter, K. D. (1985). The Effects of Noise on Man. Academic Press: London.
Landis, R. J., Heyman, E. R. & Koch, G. G. (1978). Average partial association in three-way contingency tables: a review and discussion of alternative tests. International Statistical Review 46, 237254.
Metz, C. E., Wang, P. L. & Kronman, M. B. (1984). ROCFIT. Department of Radiology and the Franklin McLean Memorial Research Institute, University of Chicago: Chicago.
SAS Institute Inc. (1988). SAS/STAT(™) User's Guide, Release 6.03. SAS Institute Inc.: Cary, NC.
Schulz, T. J. (1985). Synthesis of social surveys on noise annoyance. Journal of Acoustic Society of America 64, 377405.
Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L. & Lushene, R. E. (1970). State Trait Anxiety Inventory. Consulting Psychologist Inc.: 577 College Avenue, Palo Alto, California.
Stansfeld, S. A. (1988 a). Sensitivity to noise: source of error or stable personal characteristic? In Il rumore urbano e il governo del territorio (ed. Zaniol, P.), pp. 5764. Atti: Modena.
Stansfeld, S. A. (1988 b). Noise sensitivity, depressive illness and personality: a longitudinal study of depressed patients with matched control subjects.Proceedings of the Vth International Congress on Noise as a Public Health Problem (ed. Berglund, B.), vol. 3, pp. 339344. Swedish Council for Building Research: Stockholm.
Stansfeld, S. A. (1989). Noise sensitivity and psychiatric disorder in man: epidemiological and psycho-physiological studies. Ph.D. thesis, University of London.
Stansfeld, S. A. (1992). Noise, Noise Sensitivity and Psychiatric Disorder: Epidemiological and Psychophysiological Studies. Psychological Medicine Monograph Supplement 22. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Stansfeld, S. A., Clark, C. R., Jenkins, J. & Tarnopolsky, A. (1985). Sensitivity to noise in a community sample. I. The measurement of psychiatric disorder and personality. Psychological Medicine 15, 243254.
Stansfeld, S. A., Gallacher, J. E. J., Sharp, D. S. & Yarnell, J. W. G. (1991). Social factors and minor psychiatric disorder in middleaged men: a validation study and population survey. Psychological Medicine 21, 157167.
Tarnopolsky, A. & Morton-Williams, J. (1980). Aircraft Noise and Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorders, Research Report. Social and Community Planning Research: London.
Tarnopolsky, A., Barker, S. M., Wiggins, R. D. & McLean, E. K. (1978). The effect of aircraft noise on the mental health of a community sample: a pilot study. Psychological Medicine 10, 683698.
Watson, D. & Clark, L. A. (1984). Negative affectivity: the disposition to experience aversive emotional states. Psychological Bulletin 96, 465490.
Weed, D. L. & Selmon, M., Sinks, T. (1988). Links between categories of interaction. American Journal of Epidemiology 127, 1727.
Weinstein, N. D. (1980). Individual differences in critical tendencies and noise annoyance. Journal of Sound and Vibration 68, 241248.

Road traffic noise, noise sensitivity and psychological disorder

  • Stephen A. Stansfeld (a1), Dan S. Sharp (a1), John Gallacher (a1) and Wolfgang Babisch (a1)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed