Alexander, GE, Crutcher, MD, DeLong, MR (1990). Basal ganglia-thalamocortical circuits: parallel substrates for motor, oculomotor, ‘prefrontal’ and ‘limbic’ functions. Progress in Brain Research 85, 119–146.
Barnea-Goraly, N, Kwon, H, Menon, V, Eliez, S, Lotspeich, L, Reiss, AL (2004). White matter structure in autism: preliminary evidence from diffusion tensor imaging. Biological Psychiatry 55, 323–326.
Baron-Cohen, S, Ring, HA, Bullmore, ET, Wheelwright, S, Ashwin, C, Williams, SC (2000). The amygdala theory of autism. Neuroscience and Biobehavioural Reviews 24, 355–364.
Ben Bashat, D, Kronfeld-Duenias, V, Zachor, DA, Ekstein, PM, Hendler, T, Tarrasch, R, Even, A, Levy, Y, Ben Sira, L (2007). Accelerated maturation of white matter in young children with autism: a high b value DWI study. Neuroimage 37, 40–47.
Boger-Megiddo, I, Shaw, DW, Friedman, SD, Sparks, BF, Artru, AA, Giedd, JN, Dawson, G, Dager, SR (2006). Corpus callosum morphometrics in young children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 36, 733–739.
Brambilla, P, Hardan, A, di Nemi, SU, Perez, J, Soares, JC, Barale, F (2003). Brain anatomy and development in autism: review of structural MRI studies. Brain Research Bulletin 61, 557–569.
Bullmore, ET, Suckling, J, Overmeyer, S, Rabe-Hesketh, S, Taylor, E, Brammer, MJ (1999). Global, voxel, and cluster tests, by theory and permutation, for a difference between two groups of structural MR images of the brain. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 18, 32–42.
Carper, RA, Moses, P, Tigue, ZD, Courchesne, E (2002). Cerebral lobes in autism: early hyperplasia and abnormal age effects. Neuroimage 16, 1038–1051.
Castelli, F, Frith, C, Happe, F, Frith, U (2002). Autism, Asperger syndrome and brain mechanisms for the attribution of mental states to animated shapes. Brain 125, 1839–1849.
Chandana, SR, Behen, ME, Juhasz, C, Muzik, O, Rothermel, RD, Mangner, TJ, Chakraborty, PK, Chugani, HT, Chugani, DC (2005). Significance of abnormalities in developmental trajectory and asymmetry of cortical serotonin synthesis in autism. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience 23, 171–182.
Cheung, C, Chua, SE, Cheung, V, Khong, PL, Tai, KS, Wong, TKW, Ho, TP, McAlonan, GM (in press). White matter fractional anisotrophy differences and correlates of diagnostic symptoms in autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.
Chua, SE, Cheung, C, Cheung, V, Tsang, JT, Chen, EY, Wong, JC, Cheung, JP, Yip, L, Tai, KS, Suckling, J, McAlonan, GM (2007). Cerebral grey, white matter and CSF in never-medicated, first-episode schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research 89, 12–21.
Courchesne, E (2002). Abnormal early brain development in autism. Molecular Psychiatry 7 (Suppl. 2), S21–S23.
Courchesne, E (2004). Brain development in autism: early overgrowth followed by premature arrest of growth. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disability Research Review 10, 106–111.
Courchesne, E, Carper, R, Akshoomoff, N (2003). Evidence of brain overgrowth in the first year of life in autism. Journal of the American Academy of Medicine 290, 337–344.
Damasio, AR, Maurer, RG (1978). A neurological model for childhood autism. Archives of Neurology 35, 777–786.
De Fosse, L, Hodge, SM, Makris, N, Kennedy, DN, Caviness, VS Jr., McGrath, L, Steele, S, Ziegler, DA, Herbert, MR, Frazier, JA, Tager-Flusberg, H, Harris, GJ (2004). Language-association cortex asymmetry in autism and specific language impairment. Annals of Neurology 56, 757–766.
Egaas, B, Courchesne, E, Saitoh, O (1995). Reduced size of corpus callosum in autism. Archives of Neurology 52, 794–801.
Ellis, HD, Gunter, HL (1999). Asperger syndrome: a simple matter of white matter? Trends in Cognitive Science 3, 192–200.
Freitag, CM, Kleser, C, Schneider, M, von Gontard, A (2007). Quantitative assessment of neuromotor function in adolescents with high functioning autism and Asperger syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 37, 948–959.
Gilchrist, A, Green, J, Cox, A, Burton, D, Rutter, M, Le Couteur, A (2001). Development and current functioning in adolescents with Asperger syndrome: a comparative study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 42, 227–240.
Gunter, HL, Ghaziuddin, M, Ellis, HD (2002). Asperger syndrome: tests of right hemisphere functioning and interhemispheric communication. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 32, 263–281.
Happe, F, Ehlers, S, Fletcher, P, Frith, U, Johansson, M, Gillberg, C, Dolan, R, Frackowiak, R, Frith, C (1996). ‘Theory of mind’ in the brain. Evidence from a PET scan study of Asperger syndrome. Neuroreport 8, 197–201.
Hazlett, HC, Poe, M, Gerig, G, Smith, RG, Provenzale, J, Ross, A, Gilmore, J, Piven, J (2005). Magnetic resonance imaging and head circumference study of brain size in autism: birth through age 2 years. Archives of General Psychiatry 62, 1366–1376.
Herbert, MR (2005). Large brains in autism: the challenge of pervasive abnormality. Neuroscientist 11, 417–440.
Herbert, MR, Harris, GJ, Adrien, KT, Ziegler, DA, Makris, N, Kennedy, DN, Lange, NT, Chabris, CF, Bakardjiev, A, Hodgson, J, Takeoka, M, Tager-Flusberg, H, Caviness, VS Jr. (2002). Abnormal asymmetry in language association cortex in autism. Annals of Neurology 52, 588–596.
Herbert, MR, Ziegler, DA, Deutsch, CK, O'Brien, LM, Kennedy, DN, Filipek, PA, Bakardjiev, AI, Hodgson, J, Takeoka, M, Makris, N, Caviness, VS Jr. (2005). Brain asymmetries in autism and developmental language disorder: a nested whole-brain analysis. Brain 128, 213–226.
Herbert, MR, Ziegler, DA, Deutsch, CK, O'Brien, LM, Lange, N, Bakardjiev, A, Hodgson, J, Adrien, KT, Steele, S, Makris, N, Kennedy, D, Harris, GJ, Caviness, VS Jr. (2003). Dissociations of cerebral cortex, subcortical and cerebral white matter volumes in autistic boys. Brain 126, 1182–1192.
Herbert, MR, Ziegler, DA, Makris, N, Filipek, PA, Kemper, TL, Normandin, JJ, Sanders, HA, Kennedy, DN, Caviness, VS Jr. (2004). Localization of white matter volume increase in autism and developmental language disorder. Annals of Neurology 55, 530–540.
Horwitz, B, Rumsey, JM, Grady, CL, Rapoport, SI (1988). The cerebral metabolic landscape in autism. Intercorrelations of regional glucose utilization. Archives of Neurology 45, 749–755.
Howlin, P (2003). Outcome in high-functioning adults with autism with and without early language delays: implications for the differentiation between autism and Asperger syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 33, 3–13.
Just, MA, Cherkassky, VL, Keller, TA, Kana, RK, Minshew, NJ (2007). Functional and anatomical cortical underconnectivity in autism: evidence from an fMRI study of an executive function task and corpus callosum morphometry. Cerebral Cortex 17, 951–961.
Just, MA, Cherkassky, VL, Keller, TA, Minshew, NJ (2004). Cortical activation and synchronization during sentence comprehension in high-functioning autism: evidence of underconnectivity. Brain 127, 1811–1821.
Keller, TA, Kana, RK, Just, MA (2007). A developmental study of the structural integrity of white matter in autism. Neuroreport 18, 23–27.
Klin, A, Volkmar, FR (2003). Asperger syndrome: diagnosis and external validity. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinics of North America 12, 1–13, v.
Koshino, H, Carpenter, PA, Minshew, NJ, Cherkassky, VL, Keller, TA, Just, MA (2005). Functional connectivity in an fMRI working memory task in high-functioning autism. Neuroimage 24, 810–821.
Kwon, H, Ow, AW, Pedatella, KE, Lotspeich, LJ, Reiss, AL (2004). Voxel-based morphometry elucidates structural neuroanatomy of high-functioning autism and Asperger syndrome. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 46, 760–764.
Lebel, C, Walker, L, Leemans, A, Phillips, L, Beaulieu, C (2008). Microstructural maturation of the human brain from childhood to adulthood. Neuroimage 40, 1044–1055.
Loh, A, Soman, T, Brian, J, Bryson, SE, Roberts, W, Szatmari, P, Smith, IM, Zwaigenbaum, L (2007). Stereotyped motor behaviors associated with autism in high-risk infants: a pilot videotape analysis of a sibling sample. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 37, 25–36.
Lotspeich, LJ, Kwon, H, Schumann, CM, Fryer, SL, Goodlin-Jones, BL, Buonocore, MH, Lammers, CR, Amaral, DG, Reiss, AL (2004). Investigation of neuroanatomical differences between autism and Asperger syndrome. Archives of General Psychiatry 61, 291–298.
McAlonan, GM, Cheung, V, Cheung, C, Chua, SE, Murphy, DG, Suckling, J, Tai, KS, Yip, LK, Leung, P, Ho, TP (2007). Mapping brain structure in attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder: a voxel-based MRI study of regional grey and white matter volume. Psychiatry Research 154, 171–180.
McAlonan, GM, Cheung, V, Cheung, C, Suckling, J, Lam, GY, Tai, KS, Yip, L, Murphy, DG, Chua, SE (2005). Mapping the brain in autism. A voxel-based MRI study of volumetric differences and intercorrelations in autism. Brain 128, 268–276.
McAlonan, GM, Daly, E, Kumari, V, Critchley, HD, van Amelsvoort, T, Suckling, J, Simmons, A, Sigmundsson, T, Greenwood, K, Russell, A, Schmitz, N, Happe, F, Howlin, P, Murphy, DG (2002). Brain anatomy and sensorimotor gating in Asperger's syndrome. Brain 125, 1594–1606.
McAlonan, GM, Suckling, J, Wong, N, Cheung, V, Lienenkaemper, N, Cheung, C, Chua, SE (2008). Distinct patterns of grey matter abnormality in high-functioning autism and Asperger's syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 49, 1287–1295.
Nordahl, CW, Dierker, D, Mostafavi, I, Schumann, CM, Rivera, SM, Amaral, DG, Van Essen, DC (2007). Cortical folding abnormalities in autism revealed by surface-based morphometry. Journal of Neuroscience 27, 11725–11735.
Nordahl, CW, Simon, TJ, Zierhut, C, Solomon, M, Rogers, SJ, Amaral, DG (2008). Brief report: methods for acquiring structural MRI data in very young children with autism without the use of sedation. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 38, 1581–1590.
Rinehart, NJ, Bellgrove, MA, Tonge, BJ, Brereton, AV, Howells-Rankin, D, Bradshaw, JL (2006 a). An examination of movement kinematics in young people with high-functioning autism and Asperger's disorder: further evidence for a motor planning deficit. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 36, 757–767.
Rinehart, NJ, Bradshaw, JL, Brereton, AV, Tonge, BJ (2002 a). Lateralization in individuals with high-functioning autism and Asperger's disorder: a frontostriatal model. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 32, 321–331.
Rinehart, NJ, Bradshaw, JL, Tonge, BJ, Brereton, AV, Bellgrove, MA (2002 b). A neurobehavioral examination of individuals with high-functioning autism and Asperger's disorder using a fronto-striatal model of dysfunction. Behavioural and Cognitive Neuroscience Review 1, 164–177.
Rinehart, NJ, Tonge, BJ, Bradshaw, JL, Iansek, R, Enticott, PG, Johnson, KA (2006 b). Movement-related potentials in high-functioning autism and Asperger's disorder. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 48, 272–277.
Rinehart, NJ, Tonge, BJ, Bradshaw, JL, Iansek, R, Enticott, PG, McGinley, J (2006 c). Gait function in high-functioning autism and Asperger's disorder: evidence for basal-ganglia and cerebellar involvement? European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 15, 256–264.
Schultz, RT (2005). Developmental deficits in social perception in autism: the role of the amygdala and fusiform face area. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience 23, 125–141.
Suckling, J, Brammer, MJ, Lingford-Hughes, A, Bullmore, ET (1999 a). Removal of extracerebral tissues in dual-echo magnetic resonance images via linear scale-space features. Magnetic Resonance Imaging 17, 247–256.
Suckling, J, Sigmundsson, T, Greenwood, K, Bullmore, ET (1999 b). A modified fuzzy clustering algorithm for operator independent brain tissue classification of dual echo MR images. Magnetic Resonance Imaging 17, 1065–1076.
Sundaram, SK, Kumar, A, Makki, MI, Behen, ME, Chugani, HT, Chugani, DC (2008). Diffusion tensor imaging of frontal lobe in autism spectrum disorder. Cerebral Cortex 18, 2659–2665.
Talairach, J, Tournoux, P (1988). Co-planar Stereotaxic Atlas of the Human Brain. Thieme, Stuttgart, Germany.
Utter, AA, Basso, MA (2008). The basal ganglia: an overview of circuits and function. Neuroscience and Biobehavioural Reviews 32, 333–342.
Vilensky, JA, Damasio, AR, Maurer, RG (1981). Gait disturbances in patients with autistic behavior: a preliminary study. Archives of Neurology 38, 646–649.
Waiter, GD, Williams, JH, Murray, AD, Gilchrist, A, Perrett, DI, Whiten, A (2005). Structural white matter deficits in high-functioning individuals with autistic spectrum disorder: a voxel-based investigation. Neuroimage 24, 455–461.
Zilbovicius, M, Meresse, I, Chabane, N, Brunelle, F, Samson, Y, Boddaert, N (2006). Autism, the superior temporal sulcus and social perception. Trends in Neurosciences 29, 359–366.