Angst, J, Clayton, P (1986). Premorbid personality of depressive, bipolar, and schizophrenic patients with special reference to suicidal issues. Comprehensive Psychiatry
APA (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edn. American Psychiatric Association: Washington, DC.
APA (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edn. American Psychiatric Association: Washington, DC.
Baas, KD, Cramer, AOJ, Koeter, MWJ, van de Lisdonk, EH, van Weert, HC, Schene, AH (2011). Measurement invariance with respect to ethnicity of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Journal of Affective Disorders
Baumeister, H, Parker, JD (2012). Meta-review of depressive subtyping models. Journal of Affective Disorders
Beck, AT, Steer, RA, Garbin, MG (1988). Psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory: 25 years of evaluation. Clinical Psychology Review
Beekman, ATF, Deeg, DJH, van Tilburg, T, Smit, JH, Hooijer, C, van Tilburg, W (1995). Major and minor depression in later life: a study of prevalence and risk factors. Journal of Affective Disorders
Bollen, KA (1989). Structural Equations with Latent Variables. Wiley: New York.
Borsboom, D, Cramer, AOJ, Schmittmann, VD, Epskamp, S, Waldorp, LJ (2011). The small world of psychopathology. PloS One
Butterfield, PS (1988). The stress of residency: a review of the literature. Archives of Internal Medicine
Colman, I, Naicker, K, Zeng, Y, Ataullahjan, A, Senthilselvan, A, Patten, SB (2011). Predictors of long-term prognosis of depression. Canadian Medical Association Journal
Coryell, W, Winokur, G, Shea, T, Maser, JD, Endicott, J, Akiskal, HS (1994). The long-term stability of depressive subtypes. American Journal of Psychiatry
Costa, PT Jr., McCrae, RR (1997). Stability and change in personality assessment: the revised NEO Personality Inventory in the year 2000. Journal of Personality Assessment
Cramer, AOJ, Borsboom, D, Aggen, SH, Kendler, KS (2011). The pathoplasticity of dysphoric episodes: differential impact of stressful life events on the pattern of depressive symptom inter-correlations. Psychological Medicine
Cramer, AOJ, Waldorp, LJ, van der Maas, HLJ, Borsboom, D (2010). Comorbidity: a network perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Crockett, LJ, Randall, BA, Shen, Y-L, Russell, ST, Driscoll, AK (2005). Measurement equivalence of the center for epidemiological studies depression scale for Latino and Anglo adolescents: a national study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Duffy, TP (2005). Glory days: what price glory?
The Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha-Honor Medical Society
Epskamp, S, Cramer, AOJ, Waldorp, LJ, Schmittmann, VD, Borsboom, D (2012). qgraph: network visualizations of relationships in psychometric data. Journal of Statistical Software
Furukawa, TA, Streiner, DL, Azuma, H, Higuchi, T, Kamijima, K, Kanba, S, Ozaki, N, Aoba, A, Murasaki, M, Miura, S (2005). Cross-cultural equivalence in depression assessment: Japan-Europe-North American study. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Gilmer, WS, McKinney, WT (2003). Early experience and depressive disorders: human and non-human primate studies. Journal of Affective Disorders
Gutman, DA, Nemeroff, CB (2003). Persistent central nervous system effects of an adverse early environment: clinical and preclinical studies. Physiology and Behavior
Hamilton, M (1960). A rating scale for depression. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry
Hasler, G, Drevets, WC, Manji, HK, Charney, DS (2004). Discovering endophenotypes for major depression. Neuropsychopharmacology
Hasler, G, Northoff, G (2011). Discovering imaging endophenotypes for major depression. Molecular Psychiatry
Hek, K, Demirkan, A, Lahti, J, Terracciano, A, Teumer, A, Cornelis, MC, Amin, N, Bakshis, E, Baumert, J, Ding, J, Liu, Y, Marciante, K, Meirelles, O, Nalls, MA, Sun, YV, Vogelzangs, N, Yu, L, Bandinelli, S, Benjamin, EJ, Bennett, DA, Boomsma, D, Cannas, A, Coker, LH, de Geus, E, De Jager, PL, Diez-Roux, AV, Purcell, S, Hu, FB, Rimm, EB, Hunter, DJ, Jensen, MK, Curhan, G, Rice, K, Penman, AD, Rotter, JI, Sotoodehnia, N, Emeny, R, Eriksson, JG, Evans, DA, Ferrucci, L, Fornage, M, Gudnason, V, Hofman, A, Illig, T, Kardia, S, Kelly-Hayes, M, Koenen, K, Kraft, P, Kuningas, M, Massaro, JM, Melzer, D, Mulas, A, Mulder, CL, Murray, A, Oostra, BA, Palotie, A, Penninx, B, Petersmann, A, Pilling, LC, Psaty, B, Rawal, R, Reiman, EM, Schulz, A, Shulman, JM, Singleton, AB, Smith, AV, Sutin, AR, Uitterlinden, AG, Völzke, H, Widen, E, Yaffe, K, Zonderman, AB, Cucca, F, Harris, T, Ladwig, KH, Llewellyn, DJ, Räikkönen, K, Tanaka, T, van Duijn, CM, Grabe, HJ, Launer, LJ, Lunetta, KL, Mosley, TH Jr., Newman, AB, Tiemeier, H, Murabito, J (2013). A genome-wide association study of depressive symptoms. Biological Psychiatry
Hu, L, Bentler, PM (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling
Jang, KL, Livesley, WJ, Taylor, S, Stein, MB, Moon, EC (2004). Heritability of individual depressive symptoms. Journal of Affective Disorders
Jones, RN (2006). Identification of measurement differences between English and Spanish language versions of the Mini-Mental State Examination. Detecting differential item functioning using MIMIC modeling. Medical Care
Jöreskog, K, Goldberger, A (1975). Estimation of a model of multiple indicators and multiple causes of a single latent variable. Journal of the American Statistical Association
Katschnig, H, Pakesch, G, Egger-Zeidner, E (1986). Life stress and depressive subtypes: a review of present diagnostic criteria and recent research results. In Life Events and Psychiatric Disorders: Controversial Issues (ed. Katschnig, H.), pp. 201–245. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Keller, MC, Neale, MC, Kendler, KS (2007). Association of different adverse life events with distinct patterns of depressive symptoms. American Journal of Psychiatry
Keller, MC, Nesse, RM (2005). Is low mood an adaptation? Evidence for subtypes with symptoms that match precipitants. Journal of Affective Disorders
Keller, MC, Nesse, RM (2006). The evolutionary significance of depressive symptoms: different adverse situations lead to different depressive symptom patterns. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Kendler, KS, Aggen, SH, Neale, MC (2013). Evidence for multiple genetic factors underlying DSM-IV criteria for major depression. Journal of the American Medical Association Psychiatry
Kendler, KS, Kuhn, J, Prescott, CA (2004). The interrelationship of neuroticism, sex, and stressful life events in the prediction of episodes of major depression. American Journal of Psychiatry
Kendler, KS, Myers, J, Prescott, CA (2005). Sex differences in the relationship between social support and risk for major depression: a longitudinal study of opposite-sex twin pairs. American Journal of Psychiatry
Kendler, KS, Zachar, P (2008). The incredible insecurity of psychiatric nosology. In Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry (ed. Kendler, K. S. and Parnas, J.), pp. 368–383. The Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore, MD.
Kessler, RC, Berglund, P, Demler, O, Jin, R, Koretz, D, Merikangas, KR, Rush, AJ, Walters, EE, Wang, PS (2003). The epidemiology of major depressive disorder: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Journal of the American Medical Association
Kessler, RC, Chiu, WT, Demler, O, Walters, EE (2005). Prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of twelve-month DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Archives of General Psychiatry
Lichtenberg, P, Belmaker, RH (2010). Subtyping major depressive disorder. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Lopez, AD, Mathers, CD, Ezzati, M, Jamiso, DT, Murray, CJL (2006). Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors. Oxford University Press and The World Bank: New York.
Lux, V, Kendler, KS (2010). Deconstructing major depression: a validation study of the DSM-IV symptomatic criteria. Psychological Medicine
Mazure, CM (1998). Life stressors as risk factors in depression. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice
McGlinchey, JB, Zimmerman, M, Young, D, Chelminski, I (2006). Diagnosing major depressive disorder VIII: are some symptoms better than others?
Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Muthén, LK, Muthén, BO (1998–2012). Mplus User's Guide. Seventh Edition. Muthén & Muthén: Los Angeles, CA.
Myung, W, Song, J, Lim, S-W, Won, H-H, Kim, S, Lee, Y, Kang, HS, Lee, H, Kim, J-W, Carroll, BJ, Kim, DK (2012). Genetic association study of individual symptoms in depression. Psychiatry Research
Nierenberg, AA, Trivedi, MH, Fava, M, Biggs, MM, Shores-Wilson, K, Wisniewski, SR, Balasubramani, GK, Rush, AJ (2007). Family history of mood disorder and characteristics of major depressive disorder: a STAR*D (sequenced treatment alternatives to relieve depression) study. Journal of Psychiatric Research
Oquendo, MA, Barrera, A, Ellis, SP, Li, S, Burke, AK, Grunebaum, M, Endicott, J, Mann, JJ (2004). Instability of symptoms in recurrent major depression: a prospective study. American Journal of Psychiatry
Ostergaard, SD, Jensen, SOW, Bech, P (2011). The heterogeneity of the depressive syndrome: when numbers get serious. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Paykel, ES (2003). Life events and affective disorders. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Piccinelli, M, Wilkinson, G (2000) Gender differences in depression. Critical review. British Journal of Psychiatry
Power, RA, Keers, R, Ng, MY, Butler, AW, Uher, R, Cohen-Woods, S, Ising, M, Craddock, N, Owen, MJ, Korszun, A, Jones, L, Jones, I, Gill, M, Rice, JP, Hauser, J, Henigsberg, N, Maier, W, Zobel, A, Mors, O, Placentino, AS, Rietschel, M, Souery, D, Kozel, D, Preisig, M, Lucae, S, Binder, EB, Aitchison, KJ, Tozzi, F, Muglia, P, Breen, G, Craig, IW, Farmer, AE, Müller-Myhsok, B, McGuffin, P, Lewis, CM (2012). Dissecting the genetic heterogeneity of depression through age at onset. American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
R Development Core Team (2008). R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing: Vienna.
Regier, DA, Narrow, WE, Clarke, DE, Kraemer, HC, Kuramoto, SJ, Kuhl, EA, Kupfer, DJ (2012). DSM-5 field trials in the United States and Canada, Part II: test-retest reliability of selected categorical diagnoses. American Journal of Psychiatry
Schmittmann, VD, Cramer, AOJ, Waldorp, LJ, Epskamp, S, Kievit, RA, Borsboom, D (2013). Deconstructing the construct: a network perspective on psychological phenomena. New Ideas in Psychology
Sen, S, Kranzler, HR, Didwania, AK, Schwartz, AC, Amarnath, S, Kolars, JC, Dalack, GW, Nichols, B, Guille, C (2013). Effects of the 2011 duty hour reforms on interns and their patients: a prospective longitudinal cohort study. Journal of the American Medical Association Internal Medicine
Sen, S, Kranzler, HR, Krystal, JH, Speller, H, Chan, G, Gelernter, J, Guille, C (2010). A prospective cohort study investigating factors associated with depression during medical internship. Archives of General Psychiatry
Shafer, AB (2006). Meta-analysis of the factor structures of four depression questionnaires: Beck, CES-D, Hamilton, and Zung. Journal of Clinical Psychology
Shanafelt, T, Habermann, T (2002). Medical residents' emotional well-being. Journal of the American Medical Association
Solomon, DA, Keller, MB, Leon, AC, Mueller, TI, Lavori, PW, Shea, MT, Coryell, W, Warshaw, M, Turvey, C, Maser, JD, Endicott, J (2000). Multiple recurrences of major depressive disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry
Spitzer, RL, Kroenke, K, Williams, JB (1999). Validation and utility of a self-report version of PRIME-MD: the PHQ primary care study. Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders. Patient Health Questionnaire. Journal of the American Medical Association
Staner, L (2010). Comorbidity of insomnia and depression. Sleep Medicine Reviews
Tansey, KE, Guipponi, M, Perroud, N, Bondolfi, G, Domenici, E, Evans, D, Hall, SK, Hauser, J, Henigsberg, N, Hu, X, Jerman, B, Maier, W, Mors, O, O'Donovan, M, Peters, TJ, Placentino, A, Rietschel, M, Souery, D, Aitchison, KJ, Craig, I, Farmer, A, Wendland, JR, Malafosse, A, Holmans, P, Lewis, G, Lewis, CM, Stensbøl, TB, Kapur, S, McGuffin, P, Uher, R (2012). Genetic predictors of response to serotonergic and noradrenergic antidepressants in major depressive disorder: a genome-wide analysis of individual-level data and a meta-analysis. PLOS Medicine
Taylor, SE, Way, BM, Welch, WT, Hilmert, CJ, Lehman, BJ, Eisenberger, NI (2006). Early family environment, current adversity, the serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism, and depressive symptomatology. Biological Psychiatry
Widaman, K (1993). Common factor analysis versus principal component analysis: differential bias in representing model parameters?
Multivariate Behavioral Research
Williams, CD, Taylor, TR, Makambi, K, Harrell, J, Palmer, JR, Rosenberg, L, Adams-Campbell, LL (2007). CES-D four-factor structure is confirmed, but not invariant, in a large cohort of African American women. Psychiatry Research
Wood, AM, Taylor, PJ, Joseph, S (2010). Does the CES-D measure a continuum from depression to happiness? Comparing substantive and artifactual models. Psychiatry Research
Zimmerman, M, Chelminski, I, McGlinchey, JB, Young, D (2006
a). Diagnosing major depressive disorder X: can the utility of the DSM-IV symptom criteria be improved?
Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Zimmerman, M, McGlinchey, JB, Young, D, Chelminski, I (2006
b). Diagnosing major depressive disorder I: A psychometric evaluation of the DSM-IV symptom criteria. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease