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COVID-19 pandemic: study on simple, easy, and practical relaxation techniques while wearing medical protective equipment

  • Huiqin Zhang (a1), Aimin Li (a2), Boheng Zhu (a3), Yanyan Niu (a4), Zheng Ruan (a5), Lihong Liu (a6), Xiaoling Gao (a7), Kun Wang (a5) (a8), Lu Yin (a9), Mao Peng (a5), Qing Xue (a5), Haixia Leng (a5), Baoquan Min (a5), Qing Tian (a10), Chunxue Wang (a11), Yuan Yang (a12), Zhou Zhu (a12), Tianmei Si (a13), Wei Li (a14), Fangfang Shangguan (a15), Xia Hong (a16), Hong Chang (a5), Haiqing Song (a5), Dongning Li (a6), Longbin Jia (a17), Huiqing Dong (a5), Yuping Wang (a5), Fiammetta Cosci (a18) and Hongxing Wang (a5) (a19)...

Abstract

Background

No studies have reported on how to relieve distress or relax in medical health workers while wearing medical protective equipment in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The study aimed to establish which relaxation technique, among six, is the most feasible in first-line medical health workers wearing medical protective equipment.

Methods

This was a two-step study collecting data with online surveys. Step 1: 15 first-line medical health workers were trained to use six different relaxation techniques and reported the two most feasible techniques while wearing medical protective equipment. Step 2: the most two feasible relaxation techniques revealed by step 1 were quantitatively tested in a sample of 65 medical health workers in terms of efficacy, no space limitation, no time limitation, no body position requirement, no environment limitation to be done, easiness to learn, simplicity, convenience, practicality, and acceptance.

Results

Kegel exercise and autogenic relaxation were the most feasible techniques according to step 1. In step 2, Kegel exercise outperformed autogenic relaxation on all the 10 dimensions among the 65 participants while wearing medical protective equipment (efficacy: 24 v. 15, no space limitation: 30 v. 4, no time limitation: 31 v. 4, no body position requirement: 26 v. 4, no environment limitation: 30 v. 11, easiness to learn: 28 v. 5, simplicity: 29 v. 7, convenience: 29 v. 4, practicality: 30 v. 14, acceptance: 32 v. 6).

Conclusion

Kegel exercise seems a promising self-relaxation technique for first-line medical health workers while wearing medical protective equipment among COVID-19 pandemic.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Dr Hongxing Wang, E-mail: wanghongxing@xwh.ccmu.edu.cn

Footnotes

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*

Huiqin Zhang, Aimin Li, Boheng Zhu, and Yanyan Niu contributed equally to the study.

Footnotes

References

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Keywords

COVID-19 pandemic: study on simple, easy, and practical relaxation techniques while wearing medical protective equipment

  • Huiqin Zhang (a1), Aimin Li (a2), Boheng Zhu (a3), Yanyan Niu (a4), Zheng Ruan (a5), Lihong Liu (a6), Xiaoling Gao (a7), Kun Wang (a5) (a8), Lu Yin (a9), Mao Peng (a5), Qing Xue (a5), Haixia Leng (a5), Baoquan Min (a5), Qing Tian (a10), Chunxue Wang (a11), Yuan Yang (a12), Zhou Zhu (a12), Tianmei Si (a13), Wei Li (a14), Fangfang Shangguan (a15), Xia Hong (a16), Hong Chang (a5), Haiqing Song (a5), Dongning Li (a6), Longbin Jia (a17), Huiqing Dong (a5), Yuping Wang (a5), Fiammetta Cosci (a18) and Hongxing Wang (a5) (a19)...

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