Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Behaviour disturbance and mental handicap: typology and longitudinal trends

  • Ivan Leudar (a1), W. I. Fraser (a1) and M. A. Jeeves (a1)

Synopsis

Behaviour disturbance was investigated in mentally handicapped adults who were living in hospital or at home. The first part of the study describes an empirically derived typology of disturbed behaviour patterns and gives the details of a scale by means of which behaviour disturbance can be quantified along six dimensions: aggression, mood disturbance, communicativeness, antisocial conduct, idiosyncratic mannerisms, and self-injury. The second part of the study used the scale in a longitudinal study of behavioural disturbance. Different forms of disturbed behaviour exhibited different kinds of longitudinal stability, and the long-term changes in one aspect of disturbance depended on subjects' other disturbance scores.

Copyright

Corresponding author

1Address for correspondence: Dr I. Leudar, Psychology Laboratory, St Andrews University, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JU.

References

Hide All
Balthazar, E. E. (1973). The Balthazar Scale of Adaptive Behaviour. II: The Scales of Social Adaptation. Consulting Psychologists Press: Palo Alto, CA.
Balthazar, E. E. & Phillips, J. L. (1976). Social adjustment in more severely retarded institutionalised adults: the sum of adjusted behaviour. Journal of Mental Deficiency 80, 454459.
Butler, E. & Bjaanes, A. T. (1976). A typology of community care facilities and differential normalisation outcomes. In Research to Practice in Mental Retardation, Vol. 1 (ed. Mitler, P.), pp. 337347. University Parks Press: Baltimore.
Childs, D. (1970). The Essentials of Factor Analysis. Holt, Rinehart and Winston: London.
Clements, P., Bost, L., DuBois, Y. & Turpin, W. (1980). Adaptive Behaviour Scale: relative severity of maladaptive behaviour. American Journal of Mental Deficiency 84, 465469.
Conners, C. K. (1969). A teacher rating scale for use in drug studies with children. American Journal of Psychiatry 126, 885888.
Deitz, S. M., Repp, A. C. & Deitz, R. E. (1976). Reducing inappropriate classroom behaviour of retarded students through three procedures of differential reinforcement. Journal of Mental Deficiency Research 20, 155170.
Department of Health and Social Security (1972). Census of Mentally Handicapped Patients in Hospital in England and Wales at the End of 1970. HMSO: London.
Eyman, R. K. & Call, T. (1977). Maladaptive behaviour and community placement of mentally retarded persons. American Journal of Mental Deficiency 82, 137144.
Eyman, R. K., Borthwick, S. A. & Miller, C. (1981). Trends in maladaptive behaviour of mentally retarded persons placed in community and institutional settings. American Journal of Mental Deficiency 85, 473477.
Francis, S. H. (1970). Behaviour of low-grade institutionalised mongoloids: changes with age. American Journal of Mental Deficiency 75, 92101.
Freeman, B. J., Ritvo, E. R., Schroth, P. C., Tonick, I., Guthrie, D. & Wake, L. (1981). Behavioral characterìstics of high- and low-grade autistic children. American Journal of Psychiatry 138, 2529.
Futterman, A. D. & Arndt, S. (1983). The construct and predictive validity of adaptive behaviour. American Journal of Mental Deficiency 84, 546550.
Holmes, C. & Batt, R. (1980). Is choking somebody really equivalent to stamping one's feet? An analysis of Adaptive Behaviour Scale items. Psychological Reports 46, 12771278.
King, T., Soucar, E. & Isett, R. (1980). An attempt to assess and predict adaptive behaviour of institutionalised mentally retarded clients. American Journal of Mental Deficiency 84, 406410.
Kleinberg, J. & Galian, B. (1983). Effects of de-institutionalisation on adaptive behaviour of adults. American Journal of Mental Deficiency 88, 2127.
Koller, H., Richardson, S. A., Katz, M. & McLaren, J. (1983). Behaviour disturbance since childhood among a 5-year birth cohort of all mentally retarded young adults in a city. American Journal of Mental Deficiency 87, 386395.
Lambert, N. E. & Nicoll, R. (1976). Dimensions of adaptive behaviour of retarded and nonretarded public-school children. American Journal of Mental Deficiency 81, 135146.
Leck, I., Gordon, W. L. & McKeown, T. (1967). Medical and social needs of patients in hospitals for mentally subnormal. British Journal of Preventive and Social Medicine 21, 115121.
Leudar, I. (1981). Strategic communication in mental retardation. In Communicating with Normal and Retarded Children (ed. Fraser, W. I. and Grieve, R.), pp. 113129. John Wright and Sons: Bristol.
Leudar, I., Fraser, W. I. & Jeeves, M. A. (1981). Social familiarity and communication in Down Syndrome. Journal of Mental Deficiency Research 25, 133142.
Lorr, I. & Jenkins, R. L. (1953). Patterns of maladjustment in children. Journal of Clinical Psychology 9, 1619.
Maddala, G. S. (1983). Limited-Dependent and Qualitative Variables in Econometrics. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
McDevitt, S. C., McDevitt, S. C. & Rosen, M. (1977). Adaptive Behaviour Scale. II: A cautionary note and suggestions for revisions. American Journal of Mental Deficiency 82, 210212.
Meyers, C. E., Nihira, K. & Zetlin, A. (1980). The measurement of adaptive behaviour. In Handbook of Mental Deficiency (2nd edn) (ed. Ellis, N. R.), pp. 431481. Lawrence Erlbaum: Hillsdale, NJ.
Nihira, K. (1969 a). Factorial dimensions of adaptive behaviour in adult retardates. American Journal of Mental Deficiency 73, 868878.
Nihira, K. (1969 b). Dimensions of adaptive behaviour in institutionalised mentally retarded children and adults: developmental perspective. American Journal of Mental Deficiency 81, 215226.
Nihira, K., Foster, R., Shelhaas, M. & Leland, H. (1974). AAMD Adaptive Behaviour Scale, 1974 Revision. American Association on Mental Deficiency: Washington DC.
Pagel, S. E. & Whitling, C. A. (1978). Readmissions to a state hospital for mentally retarded persons: reasons for community placement failure. Mental Retardation 16, 164166.
Philips, I. & Williams, N. (1975). Psychopathology and mental retardation: a study of 100 mentally retarded children: I. Psychopathology. American Journal of Psychiatry 132, 12651271.
Primrose, D. A. (1971). A survey of 502 successive admissions to a subnormality hospital from January the 1st to December 31st 1970. British Journal of Mental Subnormality 17, 2528.
Reid, A. H. (1976). Psychiatric disturbance in the mentally handicapped. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine 69, 509512.
Reid, A. H., Ballinger, B. R. & Heather, B. B. (1978). Behavioural syndromes identified by cluster analysis in a sample of 100 severely and profoundly retarded adults. Psychological Medicine 8, 399412.
Russell, A. T. & Tanguay, P. E. (1981). Mental illness and mental retardations: cause or coincidence? American Journal of Mental Deficiency 85, 570574.
Spirack, G. & Levine, M. (1964). The Devereux Child Behaviour Rating Scales. a study of symptom behaviour in latency age atypical children. American Journal of Mental Deficiency 68, 700717.
Spitz, R. (1949). The role of ecological factors in emotional development. Child Development 20, 145156.
Williams, C. E. (1971). A study of patients in a group of mental subnormality hospitals. British Journal of Mental Subnormality 17, 2941.
Wing, L. (1979). Differentiation of retardation and autism. Child Care, Health and Development 5, 5768.
Wing, L. (1981 a). Language, social and cognitive impairments in autism and severe mental retardation. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11, 3144.
Wing, L. (1981 b). Treatment of autistic children in the United Kingdom and the role of the National Society. Japanese Journal of Adolescent Psychiatry 22, 307320.
Wing, L. & Gould, J. (1978). Systematic recording of behaviours and skills of retarded and psychotic children. Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia 8, 7997.

Behaviour disturbance and mental handicap: typology and longitudinal trends

  • Ivan Leudar (a1), W. I. Fraser (a1) and M. A. Jeeves (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed