1Akinkingbe, F. M. & Akinkingbe, O. (1977). Biracial study of arterial pressure in the first and second decade of life. British Medical Journal i, 1132–1134.
2Alderman, M. H. (1976). Hypertension control at the work site. Journal of Occupational Medicine 18, 793–796.
3Alderman, M. H., Charlson, M. E. & Melchier, L. A. (1981). Labelling and absenteeism: the Massachusetts Mutual experience. Clinical and Investigative Medicine 4, 165–171.
4Alexander, F. (1939). Emotional factors in arterial hypertension. Psychosomatic Medicine 1, 175–179.
5Ayman, D. & Pratt, J. H. (1931). Nature of symptoms associated with essential hypertension. Archives of Internal Medicine 47, 676–687.
6Baer, P. E., Collins, F. H., Bourianoff, G. G. & Ketchel, M. F. (1979). Assessing personality factors in emotional hypertension with a brief self report instrument. Psychosomatic Medicine 41, 321–330.
7Borhani, N. O. & Borkman, T. S. (1968). The Alameda County Blood Pressure Study. State of California Department of Public Health: Berkeley.
8Behrend, H. (1978). How to Monitor Absence from work. Institute of Personnel Management: London.
9Beiser, M. (1974). Components and correlates of mental well being. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour 15, 320–327.
10Bergmann, A. B. & Stamm, S. J. (1967). The morbidity of cardiac non disease in school children. New England Journal of Medicine 276, 1008–1013.
11Beutler, E., Boggs, D. R. Hedler, P., Manger, A., Motulsky, A. G. & Schechy, T. W. (1971). Hazards of indiscriminate screening for sickling. New England Journal oj' Medicine 285, 1485–1486.
12Blackburn, I. M. (1974). Patterns of hostility in affective illness. British Journal of Psychiatry 125, 141–145.
13Blackwell, B. L. (1967). Upper middle class adult expectations about entering the sick role for physical and psychiatric dysfunction. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour 8, 83–95.
14Blumhagen, D. (1980). Hyper-tension: a folk illness with a medical name. Culture. Medicine and Psychiatry 4, 197–227.
15Bortner, R. W. (1969). A short rating scale as a potential measure of Pattern A Behaviour. Journal of Chronic Diseases 22 87–91.
16British Medical Journal (1976) Leader: Symptoms in hypertension; i, 1551–1552.
17Catlahan, E. M., Carol, S., Revier, A. P., Gilhooley, E. & Dunn, D. (1966). Sick role in chronic illness. Journal of Chronic Diseases 19, 883–897.
18Cassel, J. (1974). Hypertension and cardiovascular disease in migrants. A potential source of clues? International Journal of Epidemiology 3, 204–205.
19Clegg, G., Morgan, D. G. & Davidson, C. (1982). Heterogeneity of essential hypertension. Lancet ii, 891–893.
20Cobb, S. & Rose, R. M. (1973). Hypertension, peptic ulcer and diabetes in air traffic controllers. Journal of the American Medical Association 224, 489–492.
21Cochrane, E. R., (1969). Neuroticism and discovery of high blood pressure. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 13, 21–23.
22Cochrane, E. R. (1973). Hostility and neuroticism among unselected essential hypertensives. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 18, 215–217.
23Cohen, D. H. & Obnst, P. (1975). Interactions between behaviour and the cardiovascular system. Circulation Research 37, 693–706.
24Corley, K. C. Manuck, H. P. & Shiel, F. O. M. (1975). Cardiac responses associated with' yoked' chair shock avoidance in squirrel monkeys. Psvchophysiology 12, 439–144.
25Cruz-Coke, R., Etcheverry, R. & Nagel, R. (1964). Influence of migration on blood pressure of Easter Islanders. Lancet i, 697–699.
26D'Atri, D. A. & Ostfield, A. M. (1975). Crowding: its effects on the elevation of blood pressure in a prison setting. Preventive Medicine 4, 550–566.
27D'Atri, D. A., Fitzgerald, E. F., Kasl, S. V. & Ostfield, A. M. (1981). Crowding in prisons: the relationship between changes in housing mode and blood pressure. Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine 43, 95–106.
28Fishman, C. G. (1965). Need for approval and the expression of aggression under varying conditions of frustration. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 2, 809–816.
29Foulds, G. (1965). Personality and Personal Illness. Tavistock: London.
30Freis, E. D. (1976). Salt, volume and prevention of hypertension. Circulation 53, 589–595.
31Friedman, M. & Rosenmann, R. H. (1959). Association of specific overt behaviour patterns with blood pressure and cardiovascular findings. Journal of the American Medical Association 169, 1286–1296.
32Goldberg, D. P. (1972). The Detection of Psychiatric Illness by Questionnaire. Maudsley Monograph No. 22. Oxford University Press: Oxford.
33Goldberg, D. P., Cooper, B. Eastwood, M. R., Kedward, H. B. & Shepherd, M. (1970). A standardized psychiatric interview for use in community surveys. British Journal of Preventive and Social Medicine 24, 18–23.
34Goldberg, E. L., Comstock, G. W. & Graves, C. G. (1980). Psychosocial factors and blood pressure. Psychological Medicine 10, 243–256.
35Graham, J. D. P. (1945). High blood pressure after battle. Lancet i, 239–242.
36Hallback, M. (1975). Consequences of social isolation on blood pressure, cardiovascular reactivity and design in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Ada Physiologica Scandinavica 93, 455–65.
37Hampton, M. L., Anderson, J., Lavizzo, B. S. & Bergmann, A. B. (1974). Sickle cell ‘non-disease’. American Journal of Diseases in Children 128, 58–61.
38Harburg, E., Julius, S., McGinn, N. F. McLeod, J. & Hoobler, S. C. R. (1964). Personality traits and behavioural patterns associated with systolic blood pressure levels in college males. Journal of Chronic Diseases 17, 405–414.
39Harburg, E., Erfurt, J. G., Chape, C. Hauerstein, L. S., Schull, W. J. & Schlork, M. A. (1973). Sociological stress areas and black-white blood pressure: Detroit. Journal of Chronic Diseases 26, 595–611.
40Haynes, R. B., Sackett, D. L., Taylor, D. W., Gibson, E. S. & Johnson, A. L. (1978). Change in absenteeism and psychosocial function due to hypertension screening and therapy among working men. New England Journal of Medicine 299, 741–744.
41Henry, J. P., Meehan, J. P. & Stephens, P. M. (1967). Use of psychosocial stimuli to induce prolonged systolic hypertension in mice. Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine 29, 408–432.
42Herd, J. A., Morse, W. H., Kelleher, R. T. & Jones, L. (1969). Arterial hypertension in the squirrel monkey during behavioural experiments. American Journal of Physiology 217, 24–29.
43Hinkle, L. E. & Wolff, H. G. (1958). Ecologic investigation of the relationship between illness, life experiences and the social environment. Annals of Internal Medicine 49, 1373–1388.
44Hodes, C. & Rogers, P. (1976). High blood pressure and psychiatric disorder in general practice. Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners 26, 178–184.
45Hokansen, J. E., Burgess, M. & Cohen, M. F. (1963). Effects of displaced aggression on systolic blood pressure. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 67, 214–218.
46Hypertension Detection and Follow-up Programme Co-operative Group (1979). Five year findings of the Hypertension Detection and Follow Up Programme. Journal of the American Medical Association 242, 2562–2577.
47Idler, E. L. (1979). Definitions of health and illness and medical sociology. Social Science and Medicine 13A, 723–731.
48Jenkins, C. D. (1976). Recent evidence supporting psychologic and social risk factors for coronary heart disease. New England Journal of Medicine 294, 987–1033.
49Jenkins, C. D., Rosenmann, R. H. & Friedman, M. (1967). Development of an objective psychological test for the determination of coronary prone behaviour patterns in employed men. Journal of Chronic Diseases 20, 371–379.
50Jonsson, A. & Hanssen, L. (1977). Prolonged exposure lo a stressful stimulus (noise) as a cause of raised blood pressure in man. Lancet i 86–87.
51Julius, S. (1977). Borderline hypertension: an overview. Medical Clinics of North America 61, 495–511.
52Kannel, W. B., Wolf, P. A., Verter, D. & Macnamara, P. M. (1970). Epidemiologic assessment of the role of blood pressure in stroke. Journal of the American Medical Association 214, 301–310.
53Kasserbaum, G. G. & Bauman, B. O. (1965). Dimensions of the sick role in chronic illness. Journal of Health and Human Behaviour 6 16–27.
54Kidson, M. A. (1973). Personality and hypertension. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 17, 35–42.
55Kottke, T. E., Tuomilehto, J., Puska, P. & Salon, J. T. (1979). Relation of symptoms to blood pressure among a general population not aware of hypertension. International Journal of Epidemiology 8, 355–359.
56Kunin, C. M. & McCormack, R. C. (1968). Epidemiologic study of bacteriuria and blood pressure among nuns and working women. New England Journal of Medicine 278, 635–642.
57Lewis, A. (1967). Aspects of psychosomatic medicine. In Inquiries in Psychiatry, pp. 193–214.
58Routledge and Kegan Paul: London. Litman, T. J. (1974). The family as the basic unit in health and medical care: a socio-behavioural review. Social Science and Medicine 8, 495–519.
59Mann, A. H. (1982). The psychological effect of screening and clinical trial. M.D. Thesis, University of Cambridge.
60Manuck, S. B., Craft, R. & Gola, K. J. (1978). Coronary prone behaviour and cardiovascular response. Psychophysiology 15, 403–411.
61Marmot, M. G., Syme, A. & Kagan, A. (1975). Epidemiologic studies of coronary heart disease and stroke in Japan, Hawaii and California. Prevalence of coronary, hypertensive heart disease and other risk factors. American Journal of Epidemiology 102, 514–525.
62Medical Research Council (1977). Randomised controlled trial of treatment for mild to moderate hypertension. British Medical Journals 1437–1445.
63Monk, M. (1980). Psychologic status and hypertension. American Journal of Epidemiology 112, 200–208.
64Mossey, J. M. (1981). Psychosocial consequences of labelling in hypertension. Clinical and Investigative Medicine 4, 201–207.
65Mustacchi, P. (1977). Interface of the work environment and hypertension. Medical Clinics of North America 61, 531–545.
66National Institute of Health (1973). The Public and High Blood Pressure. DHEW Publication No. 75. NIH: Bethesda, Maryland.
67Obrist, P. A. (1976). Presidential address: The cardiovascular-behaviour interaction as it appears today. Psychophysiology 13, 95–107.
68Ostfield, A. M. & Lebovitz, B. Z. (1959). Personality factors and pressor mechanisms in renal and essential hypertension. Archives of Internal Medicine 104, 43–52.
69Parsons, T. (1951). Social structure, dynamic process: the case of modern medical practice. In The Social System. Free Press: Glencoe. 111.
70Patel, C. Marmot, M. G. & Terry, D. J. (1981). Controlled trial of biofeedback aided behavioural methods in reducing mild hypertension. British Medical Journal 282, 2005–2008.
71Paul, O. (1971). Risks of mild hypertension: a ten year report. British Heart Journal 33, Suppl.. 116–121.
72Pilowsky, I., Spalding, D., Shaw, J. & Korner, P. I. (1973). Hypertension and personality. Psychosomatic Medicine 35, 50–56.
73Reiser, M. F., Brust, A. A., Ferris, E. P., Shapiro, A. P., Baker, A. M. & RauschofT, W. R. (1951). Life situations, emotions and the course of patients with arterial hypertension. Psychosomatic Medicine 13, 133–139.
74Robinson, J. O. (1962). A study of neuroticism and casual arterial pressure. British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 2, 56–64.
75Rosenmann, R. H., Friedman, M. & Strauss, R. (1966). Coronary heart disease in the western collaborative group study. Journal of the American Medical Association 195, 86–92.
76Rosenmann, R. H., Brand, R. S., Jenkins, C. D., Strauss, R. & Wurm, M. (1975). Coronary heart disease in the Western collaborative group study: final follow up experience of 8J years. Journal of the American Medical Association 233, 872–877.
77Sainsbury, P. (1964). Neuroticism and hypertension in an outpatient population. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 8, 235–238.
78Saslow, G., Gersol, G. C. Shobe, F., Dubois, P. H. & Schrueder, H. A. (1950). Possible aetiological relevance of personality in hypertension. Psychosomatic Medicine 12, 292–298.
79Saul, L. J. (1939). Hostility in cases of essential hypertension. Psychosomatic Medicine 1, 153–161.
80Segall, A. (1976). Sociocultural variation in sick role behavioural expectations. Social Science and Medicine 10, 47–51.
81Shaper, A. G. (1972). Cardiovascular disease in the tropics: III. Blood pressure and hypertension. British Medical Journal iii, 805–807.
82Shapiro, A. P. (1960). Psychophysiologic mechanisms in hypertensive vascular disease. Annals of Internal Medicine 53, 64–83.
83Shapiro, A. P., Benson, H., Chobarmian, A. V., Herd, A., Julius, S., Kaplan, N., Lazarus, R., Ostfield, A. M. & Syme, L. (1979). Role of stress in hypertension Journal of Human Stress 5, 7–26.
84Shekelle, R. B., Schoenberger, J. A. & Stamler, J. (1976). Correlations of JAS Type A Behaviour pattern score. Journal of Chronic Diseases 29, 381–394.
85Society of Actuaries (1959). Build and Blood Pressure Study, Vol. 1, Chicago.
86Soghikian, K., Falhck-Hunkler, E., Ury, H. K. & Fisher, A. A. (1981). Effect of high blood pressure treatment and awareness on emotional well being. Clinical and Investigative Medicine 4, 191–196.
87Taylor, C. B., Farquhar, J. W., Nelson, E. & Agra, S. (1977). Relaxation therapy and high blood pressure. Archives of General Psychiatry 34, 339–342.
88Taylor, W. D., Haynes, R. B., Sackett, D. L. & Gibson, E. S. (1981). Long term follow up of absenteeism among working men. following the detection and treatment of their hypertension. Clinical and Investigative Medicine 4, 173–177.
89Tessler, R. & Mechanic, D. (1978). Psychological distress and perceived health status. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour 19, 254–262.
90Twaddle, A. C. (1969). Health decisions and sick role variations – an exploration. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour 10, 105–115.
91Twaddle, A. C. (1973). Illness and deviance. Social Science and Medicine 7, 751–755.
92Van der Walk, J. M. (1957). Blood pressure changes under emotional influences in patients with essential hypertension. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 1, 134—146.
93Wheatley, D. (1975). Psychiatric aspects of hypertension. British Journal of Psychiatry 127, 327–336.
94Whitehead, W. E., Blackwell, B., De Silva, H. & Robinson, A. (1977). Anxiety and anger in hypertension. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 21, 383–389.
95Wilson, J. M. G. & Jungner, G. (1968). Principles and Practice of Screening for Disease. Public Health Papers No. 34. WHO: Geneva.
96Zinner, S. H., Levy, P. S. & Kass, E. H. (1971). Familial aggregation of blood pressure in childhood. New England Journal of Medicine 294, 401–404.