Skip to main content Accessibility help

Promoting Elementary School-Age Children’s Understanding of Wealth, Poverty, and Civic Engagement

  • Rashmita S. Mistry (a1), Lindsey Nenadal (a1), Taylor Hazelbaker (a1), Katherine M. Griffin (a1) and Elizabeth S. White (a2)...


  • An abstract is not available for this content so a preview has been provided below. Please use the Get access link above for information on how to access this content.



Hide All
Arsenio, William F. 2015. Moral Psychological Perspectives on Distributive Justice and Societal Inequalities. Child Development Perspectives 9 (2): 9195.
Arsenio, William F., and Willems, Chris C.. 2017. “Adolescents’ Conceptions of National Wealth Distribution: Connections with Perceived Societal Fairness and Academic Plans.” Developmental Psychology 53 (3): 463–74.
Au, Wayne, Bigelow, Bill, and Karp, Stan. (Eds). 2007. Rethinking Our Classrooms, Volume 1: Teaching for Equity and Justice (Vol. 1). Milwaukee, WI: Rethinking Schools.
Berti, Anna Emilia, and Bombi, Anna Siliva, 1988. The Child’s Construction of Economics. Cambridge University Press (New York, NY, US); Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l’Homme (Paris, France).
Bigler, Rebecca, and Liben, Lynn S.. 2006. “A Developmental Intergroup Theory of Social Stereotypes and Prejudice.” Advances in Child development and Behavior, vol. 34, Kail, R. V. (Ed.), pp. 3989. San Diego, CA: Elsevier.
Bonn, Marta, and Webley, Paul. 2000. “South African Children’s Understanding of Money and Banking.” British Journal of Developmental Psychology 18 (2): 269–78.
Camfield, Laura. 2010. “‘Stew Without Bread or Bread Without Stew’: Children’s Understandings of Poverty in Ethiopia.” Children and Society 24 (4): 271–81.
Chafel, Judith A. 1997. “Societal Images of Poverty: Child and Adult Beliefs.” Youth & Society 28 (4): 432–63.
Chafel, Judith A., and Neitzel, Carin. 2005. “Young Children’s Ideas about the Nature, Causes, Justification, and Alleviation of Poverty.” Early Childhood Research Quarterly 20 (4): 433–50.
Chafel, Judith A., Flint, Amy Seely, Hammel, Jane, and Pomeroy, Kathleen Harpole. 2007. “Young Children, Social Issues, and Critical Literacy: Stories of Teachers and Researchers.” Young Children 62 (1): 7381.
Cohen, Jonathan. 2006. “Social, Emotional, Ethical, and Academic Education: Creating a Climate for Learning, Participation in Democracy, and Well-being.” Harvard Educational Review 76 (2): 201–37.
Common Core State Standards Initiative. 2010. “Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/social studies, Science, and Technical Subjects.” Washington, DC: National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers.
Common Core State Standards Initiative. (n.d.). About the Standards | Common Core State Standards Initiative. Retrieved November 28, 2016, from
Connecticut State Department of Education. 2015. Connecticut Social Studies Frameworks. Retrieved on December 16, 2016, from
Council for Economic Education. 2010. Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics. New York, NY. Available at
Damon, William. 1977. The Social World of the Child. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass.
Elenbaas, Laura, and Killen, Melanie 2016. “Children Rectify Inequalities for Disadvantaged Groups.” Developmental Psychology 52: 1318–29.
Enesco, Ileana, Deval, Juan, Navarro, Alejandra, Villuendas, Dolores, Sierra, Purificacion, and Peñaranda, Ana. 1995. La comprensión de la organización social en niños y adolescentes. Universidad Autonoma de Madrid: Ministero de Educacion y Ciencia.
Enesco, Ileana, and Navarro, Alejandra. 2003. “The Development of the Conception of Socioeconomic Mobility in Children from Mexico and Spain.” The Journal of Genetic Psychology: Research and Theory on Human Development 164 (3): 293317.
Flanagan, Constance, Kim, Taehan, Pykett, Alisa, Finlay, Andrea, Gallay, Erin E., and Pancer, Mark. 2014. “Adolescents’ Theories about Economic Inequality: Why are Some People Poor while Others are Rich?” Developmental Psychology 50 (11): 2512–25.
Flanagan, Constance, and Tucker, Corinna Jenkins. 1999. “Adolescents’ Explanations for Political Issues: Concordance with Their Views of Self and Society.” Developmental Psychology 35 (5): 11981209.
Heafner, Tina L., and Fitchett, Paul G.. 2012. “Tipping the Scales: National Trends of Declining Social Studies Instructional Time in Elementary Schools.” Journal of Social Studies Research 36 (2): 190215.
Horwitz, Suzanne R., Shutts, Kristin, and Olson, Kristina R.. 2014. “Social Class Differences Produce Social Group Preferences.” Developmental Science 17 (6): 9911002.
Keating, Daniel P. 2016. “Social Inequality In Population Developmental Health: An Equity And Justice Issue.” In Horn, S., Ruck, M., & Liben, L. (Editors), Equity and Justice in Developmental Science: Theoretical and Methodological Issues, Volume 50, 75–104, Advances in Child Development and Behavior Series. United Kingdom: Elsevier, Academic Press.
Lavatelli, Celia Stendler. 1949. Children of Brasstown. Urbana: University of Illinois, Bureau of Research and Service, College of Education.
Leahy, Robert L. 1981. “The Development of the Conception of Economic Inequality. I. Descriptions and Comparisons of Rich and Poor People.” Child Development 52 (2): 523–32.
Lee, Rebekka, Ramsey, Patricia G., and Sweeney, Barbara. 2008. “Engaging Young Children in Activities and Conversations about Race and Social Class. YC Young Children 63 (6): 68.
Mistry, Rashmita S., Brown, Christia S., White, Elizabeth S., Chow, Kirby A., and Gillen-O’Neel, Cari. 2015. “Elementary School Children’s Reasoning about Social Class: A Mixed-Methods Study.” Child Development 8 (5): 1653–71.
Mistry, Rashmita S., Griffin, Katherine M., Nenadal, Lindsey, and Hazelbaker, Taylor 2017, unpublished. Children’s Reasoning About Wealth and Poverty: Results of a Curriculum Intervention in the Early School Years.
Mistry, Rashmita S., Nenadal, Lindsey, Griffin, Katherine M., Zimmerman, Frederick J., Cochran, Hasmik Avetisian, Thomas, Carla-Anne, and Wilson, Christopher. 2016. “Children’s Reasoning about Poverty, Economic Mobility,aAnd Helping Behavior: Results of a Curriculum Intervention in the Early School Years. Journal of Social Issues 72 (4): 756–84.
Nenadal, Lindsey, and Mistry, Rashmita. 2017, in press. “Using Inquiry-Based Instruction to Foster Justice-Oriented Citizens: Teachers’ Reflections on Engaging Young Children in Conversations about Wealth and Poverty.” Early Childhood Research Quarterly.
Newheiser, Anna-Kaisa, and Olson, Kristina R.. 2012. “White and Black American Children’s Implicit Intergroup Bias.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 48 (1): 264270.
Perspectives for a Diverse America. (n.d.). Retrieved on December 16, 2016 from
Rodrigue, Edward P., and Reeves, Richard V.. 2014 “Horatio Alger Goes to Washington: Representation and Social Mobility.” [Web log post]. Brookings Institution. Retrieved from
Shutts, Kristin, Brey, Elizabeth L., Dornbusch, Leah A., Slywotzky, Nina, and Olson, Kristina R.. 2016. “Children Use Wealth Cues to Evaluate Others.” PLoS ONE 11 (3): e0149360.
Sigelman, Carol K. 2012. “Rich Man, Poor Man: Developmental Differences in Attributions and Perceptions.” Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 113 (3): 415–29.
Sigelman, Carol K. 2013. “Age differences in perceptions of rich and poor people: Is it skill or luck?” Social Development 22 (1): 118.
Stiglitz, Joseph E. 2012. The Price of Inequality. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company.
Teaching Tolerance a. (n.d.) Wants Versus Needs. Retrieved on December 16, 2016 from
Teaching Tolerance b. (n.d.) That’s Not Fair! Retrieved on December 16, 2016 from
White, Elizabeth S., and Mistry, Rashmita S.. 2016. “Parent Civic Beliefs, Civic Participation, Socialization Practices, and Child Civic Outcomes.” Applied Developmental Science 20 (1): 4460.
White, Elizabeth S., and Mistry, Rashmita S., and Chow, Kirby. 2013. “How Do Teachers Talk about Economic Inequality? The Complexity of Teaching at a Socioeconomically Integrated Elementary School.” Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy (ASAP) 13 (1): 370–94.
Why school? The 48th Annual PDK Poll of the Public’s Attitudes Toward the Public Schools. (2016, September). Phi Delta Kappan, 98(1), K7. doi: 10.1177/0031721716666049
Wilkinson, Richard. 2011. “How Economic Inequality Harms Societies” [Video file]. Retrieved from
Westheimer, Joel, and Kahne, Joseph. 2004. “What Kind Of Citizen? The Politics of Educating For Democracy.” American Educational Research Journal 41 (2): 237–69.
Woods, Taniesha A., Kurtz-Costes, Beth, and J. Rowley, Stephanie. 2005. “The Development of Stereotypes about the Rich and Poor: Age, Race, And Family Income Differences in Beliefs.” Journal of Youth and Adolescence 34 (4): 437–45.


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed