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Building Civic Environments to Empower Citizens

  • Amy Widestrom (a1)



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Bartels, Larry M. 2008. Unequal Democracy: The Political Economy of the New Gilded Age. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Campbell, David E. 2006. Why We Vote: How Schools and Communities Shape our Civic Life. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Collins, Charles R., Watling Neal, Jennifer, and Neal, Zachary P.. 2014. “Transforming individual civic engagement into community collective efficacy: The role of bonding social capital.” American Journal of Community Psychology 54 (3–4): 328336.
Commission on Youth Voting and Civic Knowledge. 2013. “All Together Now: Collaboration and Innovation for Youth Engagement.” Available at
Fraser, James C., Chaskin, Robert J., and Bazuin, Joshua Theodore. 2013. “Making Mixed-Income Neighborhoods Work for Low-Income Households.” Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research 15 (2): 83100.
Griffin, John D., and Newman, Brian. 2013. “Voting Power, Policy Representation, and Disparities in Voting Rewards.” Journal of Politics 75 (1): 5264.
Hacker, Jacob S., and Pierson, Paul. 2010. “Winner Take All Politics: Public Policy, Political Organization, and the Precipitous Rise of Top Incomes in the United States.” Politics & Society 3 (2): 152204.
Kawashima-Ginsberg, Kei. 2016. “The Future of Civic Education.” National Association of the State Boards of Education. Available at
Lewis, Valerie A., Ann MacGregor, Carol, and Putnam, Robert D.. 2013. “Religion, networks, and neighborliness: The impact of religious social networks on civic engagement.” Social Science Research 42 (2): 331346.
Massey, Douglas S., and Denton, Nancy A.. 1993. American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Oliver, J. Eric. 2001. Democracy in Suburbia. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Schwartz, Heather L., Ecola, Liisa, Leuschner, Kristin J., and Kofner, Aaron. 2012. “Is Inclusionary Zoning Inclusionary? A Guide for Practitioners. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation.
Soss, Joe, and Jacobs, Lawrence R.. 2009. “The Place of Inequality: Nonparticipation in the American Polity.” Political Science Quarterly 124 (1): 95125.
Turner, Roy. 2006. Interviewed by Amy Widestrom, Rochester, NY, March 22. Digital recording held by author.
Verba, Sidney, Lehman Schlozman, Kay, and Brady, Henry E.. 1995. Voice and Equality. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Widestrom, Amy. 2015. Displacing Democracy: Economic Segregation in America. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.


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