Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

XXI.—Geology and Petrology of the Dolerites of Spitsbergen

  • G. W. Tyrrell (a1) and K. S. Sandford (a2)

Extract

Within the group of islands which together comprise Spitsbergen outcrops of dolerite may be traced over an area of about 50,000 square miles. The area is doubled if the neighbouring dolerites and basalts of Franz Josef Land are included. Even so, this is but a part of a network widely spread over the north-western part of the Euro-Asiatic continental platform, and over adjoining circumpolar lands. The sill-swarms of Spitsbergen alone rival in extent any of approximately similar age in other parts of the world, such as those of South Africa, South America, India, Antarctica, or North Britain. They merit a great deal more attention than it has yet been possible for geologists to devote to them.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1.Keilhau, B. M., 1829. Reise til nordlige Finmarken, Beeren Eiland og Spidsbergen, Kristiania.
2.Robert, E., 1842. Voyages en Scandinavie, en Laponie, au Spitsberg et au Feroë, sur la Corvette “la Recherche,” “Géologie, Minéralogie, et Métallurgie,” par E. Robert, liv. iv, p. 87; liv. xxvi, p. 129.
3.Nordenskiöld, A. E., 1867. Sketch of the Geology of Spitsbergen, Stockholm, 55 pp. (Translated from Kongl. Svenska Vetenskap. Akad., 1862, 1864, 1866.)
4.Zirkel, F., 1870. “Mikromineralogischen Mittheilungen,” N.J.f. Min., Jahrg., p. 801.
5.von Drasche, R., 1874. “Petrographisch-geologische Beobachtungen an der West-Küste Spitzbergens,” Tschermaks Min. Mitth., pp. 181–198, 261–268.
6.Törnebohm, A. E., 1874–75. “Mikroskopiska bergartestudier, IV. Nagra Grönstenar från Spetsbergen,” Geol. Fören. Förh. Stockholm, pp. 543–549.
7.Nordenskiöld, A. E., 1876. “Sketch of the Geology of Ice Sound and Bell Sound, Spitsbergen,” Geol. Mag. (II), vol. iii, pp. 1623, 63–75, 118–127, 255–267.
8.Newton, E. T., and Teall, J. J. H., 1897. “Notes on a Collection from Franz Josef Land, made by the Jackson-Harmsworth Expedition, 1894–96,” Quart, Journ. Geol. Soc., vol. liii, pp. 477519.
9.Koettlitz, R., 1898. “Observations on the Geology of Franz Josef Land,” Quart, Journ. Geol. Soc., vol. liv, pp. 620645.
10.Newton, E. T., and Teall, J. J. H., 1898. “Additional Notes on Rocks and Fossils from Franz Josef Land,” Quart, Journ. Geol. Soc., vol. liv, pp. 646652.
11.Hamberg, A., 1899. “Ueber die Basalte des König-Karl Landes,” Geol. Fören. Förh. Stockholm, vol. xxi, pp. 509532.
12.Carlheim-Gyllenskjöld, V., 1899. “Travaux de l'expédition suédoise au Spitsberg en 1898 pour la mesure d'un arc de méridien,” Ofvers K. Vet. Akad. Förh. Stockholm, vol. lvi, pp. 887890.
13.Nathorst, A. G., 1901. “Bidrag til Kung Karls Lands geologi,” Geol. Fören. Forh. Stockholm, vol. xxiii, pp. 341378.
14.Bryant, D. L., 1905. “Beiträge zur Petrographie Spitzbergens,” Inaug. Diss., Erlangen, 39 pp.
15.Backlund, H. G., 1907. “Les diabases du Spitsberg oriental,” Miss. scient. pour la mesure d'un arc de méridien au Spitsberg. Mission russe, torn, ii, sect, ix, B, 1, St Petersburg, pp. 1–29.
16.Backlund, H. G., 1907. “Ueber einige Diabase aus arktischen Gebiet,” Tscherm. Min. Peir. Mitth., vol. xxvi, pp. 357390.
17.de Geer, G., 1909. “Some Leading Lines of Dislocation in Spitsbergen,” Geol. Fören. Förh. Stockholm, vol. xxxi, pp. 199208.
18.de Geer, G., 1910. “Guide de l'excursion au Spitsberg,” XIe Congrés. Géol. Internat., Stockholm, 23 pp.
19.Nathorst, A. G., 1910. “Beiträge zur Geologie des Bären-Insel, Spitzbergens, und des König-Karl-Landes,” Bull. Geol. Inst. Upsala, vol. x, pp. 261416.
20.Hoel, A., and Holtedahl, O., 1911. “Les nappes de lave, les volcans et les sources thermales dans les environs de la Baie Wood,” Videnskapsselsk. Skr. M.-N. Kl. Kristiania, No. 8.
21. Goldschmidt, V. M., 1911. “Petrographische Untersuchung einiger Eruptivgesteine von Spitzbergen,” Videnskapsselsk. Skr. M.-N. Kl. Kristiania, No. 9.
22.Hoel, A., 1914. “Nouvelles observations sur le district volcanique du Spitsberg du nord,” Videnskapsselsk. Skr. M.-N. Kl. Kristiania, No. 9, 33 pp.
23.Philipp, H., 1914. “Geologische Beobachtungen.” in: Ergebnisse der W. Filchnerschen Vorexpedition nach Spitzbergen,” Petermanns Mitth. Erganzungsheft, No. 179, pp. 13–46.
24.Hoel, A., and Holtedahl, O., 1914. “New Features in the Geology of North-western Spitsbergen,” Amer. Journ. Sci., vol. xxxvii, pp. 415424.
25.Holmes, A., 1918. “The Basaltic Rocks of the Arctic Region,” Min. Mag., vol. xviii, pp. 180223.
26. Stensiö, E. A., 1918. “Zur Kenntnis des Devons und des Kulms an der Klaas Billen Bay (Spitzbergen),” Bull. Geol. Inst. Upsala, vol. xvi, pp. 6580.
27. De Geer, G., 1919. “On the Physiographic Evolution of Spitsbergen,” Geografiska Annaler, vol. ii, pp. 161192.
28.Backlund, H. G., 1921. “Tektonik och Isostasi på Spetsbergen,” Geol.Fören. Förh. Stockholm, vol. xliii, pp. 397402.
29.Wordie, J. M., 1921. “Present-day Conditions in Spitsbergen,” Geogr. Journ., vol. lxiii, pp. 2549.
30.Nordenskiöld, O., 1921. “Die Nordatlantischen Polarinseln,” Handb. d. Reg. Geol., Abt. xxiv, Bd. iv, 30 pp.
31.Tyrrell, G. W., 1921. “Geographical Observations in Spitsbergen, 1919 and 1920,” Scot. Geogr. Mag., vol. xxxvii, pp. 227242.
32.Tyrrell, G. W., 1922. “The Pre-Devonian Basement Complex of Central Spitsbergen,” Trans. Roy. Soc. Edin., vol. liii, pt. i, pp. 209229.
33. de Geer, G., 1923. “Topographie et geologie,” Mission suedoise pour la mesure d'un arc de méridien au Spitsberg, vol. ii, pt. ix, Stockholm.
34.Tyrrell, G. W., 1924. “The Geology of Prince Charles Foreland,” Trans. Roy. Soc. Edin., vol. liii, pt. ii, pp. 443478.
35.Hagerman, T. H., 1925. “Stratigraphic and Structural Investigations within South-western Spitsbergen,” Geogr. Annaler, Heft 3 and 4, Stockholm, pp. 195221.
36.Sandford, K. S., 1926. “The Geology of North-east Land (Spitsbergen),” Quart. Journ. Geol. Soc., vol. lxxxii, pp. 615665.
37.Quenstedt, W., 1926. “Mollusken aus den Redbay- und Greyhook-Schichten Spitzbergens,” Resultater av de Norske Statsunderstöttede Spitsbergenekspeditioner, No. 11, 107 pp.
38.Odell, N. E., 1926. “The Geology of the Eastern Parts of Central Spitsbergen,” Quart. Journ. Geol. Soc., vol. lxxxiii, pp. 147162.
39.Stensiö, A. E., 1927. “The Downtonian and Devonian Vertebrates of Spitsbergen,” Skrifter om Svalbard og Ishavet, No. 12.
40.BlanckE., A. Rieser E., A. Rieser, and Mortensen, A., 1928. “Die wissenschaftlichen Ergebnisse einer bodenkundlichen Forschungsreise nach Spitzbergen in Sommer 1926,” Chem. d. Erde, vol. iii, pp. 588698.
41.Horn, G., and Orvin, A. K., 1928. “Geology of Bear Island,” Skrifter om Svalbard og Ishavet, No. 15, 152 pp.
42.Falcon, N. L., in: Watkins, H. G., “The Cambridge Expedition to Edge Island,” Geogr. Journ., vol. lxxii, pp. 117143, Appendix III, “Geology,” by N. L. Falcon, pp. 134–139.
43.Gripp, K., 1929. “Glaciologische und geologische Ergebnisse der Hamburgischen Spitzbergen-Expedition, 1927,” Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Hamburg, vol. xxii, pp. 146249.
44.Sandford, K. S., 1929. “The Glacial Conditions and Quaternary History of North-east Land,” Geogr. Journ., vol. lxxiv, pp. 451470, 543–552.
45.Frebold, H., 1929. “Untersuchungen über die Fauna, die Stratigraphie und Paläogeographie der Trias Spitzbergens,” Skrifter om Svalbard og Ishavet, No. 26.
46.Frebold, H., 1930. “Die Altersstellung des Fischhorizontes, des Grippianiveaus und des unterer Saurierhorizontes in Spitzbergen,” Skrifter om Svalbard og Ishavet, No. 28, 26 pp.
47.Horn, G., 1930. “Franz Josef Land: Natural History, Discovery, Exploration, and Hunting,” Skrifter om Svalbard og Ishavet, No. 29, 54 pp.
48.Bisset, C. B., 1930. “Geological Notes on North-east Land and Franz Josef Land: British Arctic Expedition of 1925,” Trans. Edin. Geol. Soc., vol. xii, pt. ii, pp. 196212.
49.Knothe, H., 1931. “Spitzbergen: eine landeskundliche Studie,” Petermanns Mitth. Erg.-Heft., No. 211, 109 pp.
50.von Wolff, F., 1931. Der Vulkanismus, Bd. II, 2 Teil; “Die Alte Welt.” 1, Lief. “Der Atlantische Ozean,” Leipzig, pp. 829–1111; “Spitsbergen and Franz Josef Land,” pp. 845849.
51.Dalgety, C. T., 1932. “Two Expeditions to Spitsbergen, North-east Land, and the Neighbouring Islands,” Geogr. Journ., vol. lxxxix, pp. 131134.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed