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We analyse the decay properties of the solution semigroup S(t) generated by the linear integrodifferential equation
where the operator A is strictly positive self-adjoint with A–1 not necessarily compact. The asymptotic stability of S(t) is investigated in terms of the dependence of the parameter γ ∈ ℝ. In particular, we show that S(t) is not exponentially stable when γ ≠ 1.
Given a non-negative integer n and a complete hereditary cotorsion triple , the notion of subcategories in an abelian category is introduced. It is proved that a virtually Gorenstein ring R is n-Gorenstein if and only if the subcategory of Gorenstein injective R-modules is with respect to the cotorsion triple , where stands for the subcategory of Gorenstein projectives. In the case when a subcategory of is closed under direct summands such that each object in admits a right -approximation, a Bazzoni characterization is given for to be . Finally, an Auslander–Reiten correspondence is established between the class of subcategories and that of certain subcategories of which are -coresolving covariantly finite and closed under direct summands.
We deal with the problem of determining an unknown part of the boundary of an electrical conductor that is inaccessible for external observation and where a corrosion process is going on. We obtain estimates of the size of this damaged region from above and below.
We consider the algebra of holomorphic functions on L∞ that are symmetric, i.e. that are invariant under composition of the variable with any measure-preserving bijection of [0, 1]. Its spectrum is identified with the collection of scalar sequences such that is bounded and turns to be separable. All this follows from our main result that the subalgebra of symmetric polynomials on L∞ has a natural algebraic basis.
We consider boundary-value problems for differential equations of second order containing a Brownian motion (random perturbation) and a small parameter and prove a special existence and uniqueness theorem for random solutions. We study the asymptotic behaviour of these solutions as the small parameter goes to zero and show the stochastic averaging theorem for such equations. We find the explicit limits for the solutions as the small parameter goes to zero.
We generate ray-class fields over imaginary quadratic fields in terms of Siegel–Ramachandra invariants, which are an extension of a result of Schertz. By making use of quotients of Siegel–Ramachandra invariants we also construct ray-class invariants over imaginary quadratic fields whose minimal polynomials have relatively small coefficients, from which we are able to solve certain quadratic Diophantine equations.
Propagation at a finite speed is established for non-negative weak solutions to a thin-film approximation of the two-phase Muskat problem. The expansion rate of the support matches the scale invariance of the system. Moreover, we determine sufficient conditions on the initial data for the occurrence of waiting time phenomena.
Conjectures are given for Hilbert series related to polynomial invariants of finite general linear groups: one for invariants mod Frobenius powers of the irrelevant ideal and one for cofixed spaces of polynomials.
Positive solutions of a Kirchhoff-type nonlinear elliptic equation with a non-local integral term on a bounded domain in ℝN, N ⩾ 1, are studied by using bifurcation theory. The parameter regions of existence, non-existence and uniqueness of positive solutions are characterized by the eigenvalues of a linear eigenvalue problem and a nonlinear eigenvalue problem. Local and global bifurcation diagrams of positive solutions for various parameter regions are obtained.