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Generalized Lambert series and arithmetic nature of odd zeta values

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  24 January 2019

Atul Dixit
Affiliation:
Discipline of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar, Palaj, Gandhinagar382355, Gujarat, India (adixit@iitgn.ac.in; bibekananda.maji@iitgn.ac.in)
Bibekananda Maji
Affiliation:
Discipline of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar, Palaj, Gandhinagar382355, Gujarat, India (adixit@iitgn.ac.in; bibekananda.maji@iitgn.ac.in)
Corresponding

Abstract

It is pointed out that the generalized Lambert series $\sum\nolimits_{n = 1}^\infty {[(n^{N-2h})/(e^{n^Nx}-1)]} $ studied by Kanemitsu, Tanigawa and Yoshimoto can be found on page 332 of Ramanujan's Lost Notebook in a slightly more general form. We extend an important transformation of this series obtained by Kanemitsu, Tanigawa and Yoshimoto by removing restrictions on the parameters N and h that they impose. From our extension we deduce a beautiful new generalization of Ramanujan's famous formula for odd zeta values which, for N odd and m > 0, gives a relation between ζ(2m + 1) and ζ(2Nm + 1). A result complementary to the aforementioned generalization is obtained for any even N and m ∈ ℤ. It generalizes a transformation of Wigert and can be regarded as a formula for ζ(2m + 1 − 1/N). Applications of these transformations include a generalization of the transformation for the logarithm of Dedekind eta-function η(z), Zudilin- and Rivoal-type results on transcendence of certain values, and a transcendence criterion for Euler's constant γ.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Royal Society of Edinburgh 2019

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Footnotes

Dedicated to Professor Bruce C. Berndt on account of his 80th birthday.

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