Skip to main content Accessibility help

The Shaugh Moor Project: Third Report—Settlement and Environmental Investigations

  • K. Smith, J. Coppen, G. J. Wainwright, S. Beckett, N. Balaam, G. Berridge, R. Browse, H. Keeley, R. Macphail and T. Wilkinson...


The third phase of the Shaugh Moor Project comprised survey and excavation work on the Saddlesborough Main reave and Wotter Common (fig. 1). Following the decision of the china clay companies not to develop the area immediately around Saddlesborough (Area Y), Watts, Blake and Bearne & Co Ltd and English China Clays Ltd embarked upon a joint tipping programme which will eventually destroy the terminal reave east of Saddlesborough and most of the monuments on Wotter Common (fig. 2).

The area to the north of Saddlesborough was surveyed in 1976 and limited excavation was undertaken early in 1977 (Site 10, Wainwright et al 1979). An enclosure, 1 km to the north-east of Site 10, was totally excavated in 1977 and 1978 (Site 15, Wainwright and Smith 1980). In 1979 and 1980 the area threatened by the quarry extensions was surveyed and a programme of limited excavation was undertaken on the Saddlesborough Main reave and Wotter Common (Site 208).



Hide All
Barkham, J. P., 1978. ‘Pedunculate oak woodland in a severe environment: Black Tor Copse, Dartmoor’, J. Ecol., 66, 707–40.
Beresford, G., 1979. ‘Three Deserted Medieval Settlements on Dartmoor: A Report on the late E. Marie Minter's Excavations’, Med. Arch., 23, 98158.
Brown, A. P., 1977. ‘Late Devensian and Flandrian vegetational history of Bodmin Moor, Cornwall’, Phil. trans. Roy. Soc. Ser. B., 276, 251320.
Clayden, B., 1964. ‘Soils of the Middle Teign Valley District of Devon’, Soil Survey of England and Wales. Bull. 1.
Clayden, B. and Manley, D. J. R., 1964. ‘The Soils of the Dartmoor Granite’. In Simmons, I. G. (ed), Dartmoor Essays, 117–40. Devonshire Association, Exeter.
Coles, J. M., Orme, B. J. and Hibbert, F. A., 1975. ‘The Eclipse Track’, Somerset Levels Papers 1, 2024.
Collis, J., 1978. ‘Fields and Settlements on Shaugh Moor, Dartmoor’. In Bowen, H. C. and Fowler, P. J. (eds), Early Land Allotment in the British Isles, 23–8. BAR 48, Oxford.
Conolly, A. P., Godwin, H. and Megaw, E. M., 1950. ‘Studies in the post-glacial history of British vegetation. XI Late-glacial deposits in Cornwall’, Phil. trans. Roy. Soc. Ser. B., 234, 397469.
Dearing, J., 1977. ‘Gorse, Man and Landuse Change on Dartmoor: A Preliminary Investigation’, Trans. Devon. Ass., 109, 135–52.
Devon Record Office, Exeter, 1842. Tithe Map, Shaugh Prior Parish.
Edwards, K. J., 1979. ‘Palynplogical and Temporal Inference in the context of prehistory, with special reference to the evidence from Lake and Peat deposits’, J. Arch. Sci., 6, 255–70.
English Place Names Society, 1931. Place Names of Devon I.
Fitzpatrick, E. A., 1956. ‘An indurated soil horizon formed by permafrost’, J. Soil Sci., 7, 248–54.
Fleming, A., 1978. ‘The prehistoric landscape of Dartmoor. Part 1: South Dartmoor’, PPS, 44, 97123.
Fleming, A., 1979. ‘The Dartmoor Reave Project’, Curr. Arch., 234–7.
Fleming, A., 1980. Dartmoor Reave Project. Interim Report, No. 6 (1980 Season). Privately circulated.
Fleming, A., 1981. In Burleigh, R., Mathews, K., Ambers, J., and Kinnes, I., ‘British Museum Natural Radiocarbon Measurements XII’, Radiocarbon 23, 1, 1423.
Fleming, A. and Collis, J., 1973. ‘A late prehistoric reave system near Cholwich Town, Dartmoor’, Proc. Devon Arch. Soc., 31, 121.
Fox, A., 1939. ‘Early Welsh Homesteads on Gelligaer Common, Glamorgan. Excavations in 1938’, Arch. Camb., 94, 163199.
Fox, A., 1954. ‘Celtic fields and farms on Dartmoor in the light of recent excavations at Kestor’, PPS, 20, 87102.
Fox, A., 1957. ‘Excavations on Dean Moor in the Avon Valley, 1954–56. The Late Bronze Age Settlement’, Trans. Devon. Assoc., 89, 1877.
Godwin, H., 1957. History of the British Flora. University Press, Cambridge.
Harris, H., 1968. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. David and Charles.
Harrod, T. R., Hogan, D. V. and Staines, S. J., 1976. Soils in Devon II: Sheet SX65 (Ivybridge). Soil Surv. Rec. 39. Harpenden.
Hibbert, F. A., Switsur, V. R. and West, R. G., 1971. ‘Radiocarbon dating of Flandrian pollen zones at Red Moss, Lancashire’, Proc. Roy. Soc. Land. Ser. B., 177, 161–76.
Hodgson, J. M., 1974. Soil Survey Field Handbook. Soil Surv. Tech. Mono. 5. Harpenden.
Jacobi, R., 1979. ‘Early Flandrian Hunters in the South-West’, Proc. Devon Arch. Soc., 37, 4893.
Keeley, H. C. M., 1976. Interim report on environmental work at Shaugh Moor, Devon. Anc. Mons. Lab. Rep. 2151.
Keeley, H. C. M., 1978. Central Excavation Unit Excavations, Shaugh Moor, Devon—The Caimfield site, Interim Soil Report. Anc. Mons. Lab. Rep. 2545.
Keeley, H. C. M. and Macphail, R. I., 1979. The Soils of Shaugh Moor, Devon. Anc. Mons. Lab. Rep. 2925.
Macphail, R. I., 1980a. Soil Report on the double reave at Shaugh Moor, Devon. Anc. Mons. Lab. Rep. 3033.
Macphail, R. I., 1980b. Addendum to Ancient Monuments Laboratory Report 3033. Anc. Mons. Lab. Rep. 3187.
Macphail, R. I. and Taylor, P., 1978. Shaugh Moor, Dartmoor. Anc. Mons. Lab. Rep. 2445.
Mellars, P., 1976. ‘Settlement Patterns and Industrial Variability in the British Mesolithic’ In Sieveking, G., Longworth, I. H. and Wilson, K. E., (eds), Problems in Economic and Social Prehistory, 375–99.
Mercer, R. J. and Dimbleby, G. W., 1978. ‘Pollen analysis and the hut circle settlement at Stannon Down, St Breward’, Corn. Arch., 17, 25–8.
Mitchell, G. F., 1951. ‘Studies in Irish Quaternary deposits, 7’, Proc. Roy, Ir. Acad. Ser. B., 53, 111206.
Orme, B., Sturdy, C. R. and Morgan, R. A., 1980. ‘East Moors 1979’, Somerset Levels Papers, 6, 52–9.
Price, D. G., 1973. ‘Ancient Fields on Shaugh Moor’, Trans. Devon. Assoc., 105, 8793.
Price, D. G., 1979. ‘The Moorland Plym—A Reassessment’, Trans. Devon. Assoc., 111, 125–37.
Price, D. G. and Tinsley, H. M., 1976. ‘On the Significance of Soil-profiles at Trowlesworthy Warren and Wigford Down’, Trans. Devon. Assoc., 108, 147–57.
Simmons, I. G., 1962. ‘An outline of the vegetation history of Dartmoor’, Trans. Devon. Assoc., 94, 555–74.
Simmons, I. G., 1964. ‘Pollen diagrams from Dartmoor’, New Phytol., 63, 165–80.
Simmons, I. G., 1969. ‘Environment and Early Man on Dartmoor, Devon, England’, PPS, 35, 203–19.
Simmons, I. G., 1979. ‘Late Mesolithic Societies and the environment of the uplands of England and Wales’, Bull. Inst. Arch., 16, 111–29.
Smith, K. and Wainwright, G. J., 1978. ‘South Dartmoor, Devon’, PPS, 44, 446–7.
Troels-Smith, J., 1955. ‘Karakteriseringaf løse jordater. Characterisation of unconsolidated sediments’, Danm. geol. Unders. (Ser. IV), 3 (10), 173.
Wainwright, G. J., Fleming, A. and Smith, K., 1979. ‘The Shaugh Moor Project: First Report’, PPS, 45, 133.
Wainwright, G. J. and Smith, K., 1980. ‘The Shaugh Moor Project: Second Report’, PPS, 46, 65122.
Waters, R. S., 1964. ‘The Pleistocene Legacy to the Geomorphology of Dartmoor’. In Simmons, I. G. (ed), Dartmoor Essays, 7396. Devonshire Association, Exeter.
West Devon Record Office, Plymouth, 1562. Papers 72/3458.
West Devon Record Office, Plymouth, 1707. Papers 72/356.
West Devon Record Office, Plymouth, 1825. Papers 72/949.
West Devon Record Office, Plymouth, 1840. Papers 655/1.

The Shaugh Moor Project: Third Report—Settlement and Environmental Investigations

  • K. Smith, J. Coppen, G. J. Wainwright, S. Beckett, N. Balaam, G. Berridge, R. Browse, H. Keeley, R. Macphail and T. Wilkinson...


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed