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The Neolithic Landscape of the Carnac Region, Brittany: New Insights from Digital Approaches

  • Corinne Roughley (a1)

Abstract

The typology and chronology of the Neolithic monuments of the Carnac region of Brittany have been much debated. However, the landscape of which they are a part has been under-researched, in part due to the difficulty of conducting landscape research in the field. Through complimenting fieldwork with digital approaches, this paper demonstrates that the Neolithic monuments were deliberately situated in distinct landscape settings. By investigating the characteristics of the locations of the various types of monuments, new insight can be shed on the ways in which the monuments were experienced and perceived.

La typologie et la chronologie des monuments néolithiques de la région de Carnac en Bretagne ont donné cours à de nombreux débats. Cependant, le paysage dont ils font partie a été insuffisamment étudié, en partie à cause de la difficulté de mener à bien, sur le terrain, des recherches sur le paysage. En complétant la prospection au sol par des approches numériques, cette étude démontre que les monuments néolithiques étaient délibérément situés dans un cadre paysager spécifique. En examinant les caractéristiques des lieux ou se situaient ces divers types de monuments, on a pu apporter un nouvel aperç,u sur les différentes manières dont les monuments étaient vécus et perçus.

Typologie und Chronologie der Neolithischen Denkmäler der Carnac Region in der Bretagne sind bereits umfassend diskutiert worden. Jedoch wurde die Landschaft, von der sie ein Teil sind, bisher unzureichend untersucht, was teilweise auf die Schwierigkeit zurückzuführen ist, dort Landschaftsuntersuchungen im Feld durchzuführen. Dieser Beitrag zeigt durch die Komplementierung von Feldarbeit mit digitalen Methoden, dass die Neolithischen Denkmäler ganz bewusst in die ausgeprägte Landschaft platziert wurden. Neue Erkenntnisse können durch die Untersuchung der Merkmale der Lage der verschiedenen Denkmalstypen gewonnen werden, und damit auch wie die Denkmäler erfahren und wahrgenommen wurden.

La tipología y cronología de los monumentos neolíticos de la región de Carnac en Bretaña han sido muy debatidos. El paisaje del que forman una parte ha sido, sin embargo, poco investigado, en parte por la dificultad para llevar a cabo investigaciones de paisaje sobre el terreno. Este trabajo complementa trabajos de campo con métodos digitales, y demuestra que los monumentos neolíticos se emplazaron deliberadamente en distintos marcos del paisaje. A través de la investigación de las características de los emplazamientos de los distintos tipos de monumentos, podemos alcanzar una nueva perspectiva sobre los modos en los que los monumentos fueron experimentados y percibidos.

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