Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Ancient Forests in Spain: A Model for Land-use and Dry Forest Management in South-west Spain from 4000 BC to 1900 AD

  • A. C. Stevenson (a1) and R. J. Harrison (a2)

Abstract

Five pollen diagrams from two mires in the province of Huelva in south-west Spain are re-evaluated in the light of 15 radiocarbon dates, and multivariate numerical analyses of modern and fossil pollen samples in the region. The results of these analyses suggest that managed woodland of dehesa type can be detected in pollen diagrams, and can be interpreted within the archaeological sequence known from the area.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Belén, M., del Amo, M. & Fernández-Miranda, M. 1982. Secuéncia cultural del poblamiento en la actual ciudad de Huelva durante los siglos IX–VI a.C. Huelva Arqueológica VI, 2140.
Birks, H. J. B. 1976. Late-Wisconsinan vegetational history at Wolf Creek, central Minnesota. Ecological Monographs 46, 395429.
Birks, H. J. B. 1980. Modern pollen assemblages and vegetational history of the moraines of the Klutan Glacier and its surroundings, Yukon Territory, Canada. Quaternary Research 14, 101–29.
Birks, H. J. B. 1981. Late Wisconsin vegetational history at Kylen lake, north-eastern Minnesota. Quaternary Research 16, 322–55.
Birks, H. J. B. & Birks, H. H. 1980. Quaternary Palaeoecology. London: Edward Arnold.
Birks, H. J. B., Line, J. M., Juggins, S., Stevenson, A. C. & ter Braak, C. J. F. 1990a. Diatoms and pH reconstruction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 327, 163–78.
Birks, H. J. B., Juggins, S. & Line, J. M. 1990b. Lake surface-water chemistry reconstructions from palaeolimnological data. In Mason, B.J. (ed.), The Surface Waters Acidification Programme, 301–13. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cerdán Márquez, C., Leisner, G. & Leisner, V. 1974. Sepúlcros megalíticos de Huelva. In Beltrán, A. (ed.), Huelva: Prehistoria y Antigüedad, 41108. Madrid: Editora Nacional.
Chapman, R. W. 1985. The later prehistory of western Mediterranean Europe: recent advances. Advances in World Archaeology 4, 115–87.
Davis, M. B. 1963. On the theory of pollen analysis. American Journal of Science 261, 897912.
Davis, M. B. 1967. Late-glacial climate in northern United States: a comparison of New England and Great Lakes region. In Cushing, E.J. & Wright, H. E. (eds), Quaternary Palaeoecology, 6988. New Haven & London: Yale University Press.
García Novo, F. 1979. The ecology and vegetation of the dunes in the Doñana National Park (S.W. Spain). In Jeffries, R. L. & Davy, A.J. (eds), Ecological Processes in Coastal Environments, 571–92. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications.
Gilman, A. 1981. The development of social stratification in Bronze Age Europe. Current Anthopology 22, 123.
Gilman, A. & Thornes, J. B. 1985. Land Use and Prehistory in South-East Spain. London: George Allen & Unwin.
Gowlett, J.A.J., Hedges, R.E.M., Law, I. A. & Perry, C. 1987. Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry datelist 5. Archaeometry 29, 129–55.
Harrison, R.J. 1985. The ‘Politicultivo Ganadero’, or the secondary products revolution in Spanish agriculture, 5000–1000 BC. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 51, 75102.
Harrison, R.J. 1988. Spain at the Dawn of History: Iberians, Phoenicians and Greeks. London: Thames & Hudson.
Huntley, B. & Prentice, I. C. 1988. July temperatures in Europe from pollen data, 6000 years before present. Science 241, 687–90.
IGME 1976. Mapa Geológico de España. Hoja 1.000 1041, 1:50000. Madrid.
Lamb, H. F. 1984. Modern pollen spectra from Labrador and their use in reconstructing Holocene vegetational history. Journal of Ecology 72, 3759.
Lamb, H. H. 1971. Climates and circulation regimes developed over the northern hemisphere since the last Ice Age. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 10, 125–62.
Lewthwaite, J. G. 1982. Acorns for the ancestors: the prehistoric exploitation of woodlands in the western Mediterranean. In Limbrey, S. & Bell, M. (eds), Archaeological Aspect of Woodland Ecology, 217–30. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports.
Lewthwaite, J. G. 1984. The art of Corse herding: Archaeological insights from recent pastoral practices on west Mediterranean islands. In Clutton-Brock, J. & Grigson, C. (eds), Animals and Archaeology: 3. Early Herders and their Flocks, 2537. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports.
Martín de la Cruz, J. C. 1986. Papas Uvas I. Aljaraque, Huelva. Campañas de 1976 a 1979. Excavaciones Arqueológicas en España 136.
Meson Garcia M.1 L. & Montoya Oliver J. M. 1985. Vegetación Forestal y Degradación de los Bosques de Quercus pyrenaica Willd. en España. Comunicaciones del Institúto Nacional de Investigaciones Agrárias, Serie: Recursos Naturales No. 41. Madrid: Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentacion.
Montoya Oliver, J. M. 1980. Los Alcornocales (Q. suber L.). Madrid: Institúto Nacional de Investigaciones Agrárias.
Montoya Oliver, J.M. 1983. Pastoralismo Mediterráneo. Madrid: Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación.
Montoya Oliver, J. M., Meson García, Ma.L. & Ruíz del Castillo, J. 1988. Una Dehesa Testigo. La Dehesa de Moncalvillo, San Augustín de Guadalix, Madrid. Madrid: ICONA Serie Técnica, N0. 5.
Moore, P.D. & Webb, J. A. 1978. An Illustrated Guide to Pollen Analysis. London: Hodder & Stoughton.
Overpeck, J. T., Webb, T. III & Prentice, I. C. 1985. Quantitative interpretation of fossil pollen spectra: dissimilarity coefficients and the method of modern analogs. Quaternary Research 23, 87108.
Parsons, J. J. 1962. The acorn-hog economy of the oak woodlands of south-western Spain. Geographical Review 52, 211–35.
Pearson, G. W., Pilcher, J. R., Baillie, M. G., Corbett, D. M. & Qua, F. 1986. High precision 14C measurement of Irish oaks to show the natural 14C variations from AD 1840–5210 BC. Radiocarbon 27, 911–34.
Pearson, G. W. & Stuiver, M. 1986. High-precision calibration of the radiocarbon timescale 500–2500 BC. Radiocarbon 28, 839–69.
Penfold, A. R. & Willis, A.J. 1961. The Eucalypts. London: Leonard Hill.
Planchais, N. 1983. Palynologie lagunaire de l'étang de Maugio: paleoenvironnement végétal et évolution anthropique. Pollen et Spores 24, 93118.
Rackham, O. 1980. Ancient Woodland; its History, Vegetation and Uses in England. London: Edward Arnold.
Ritchie, J. C. & Yarranton, G. A. 1978. The late-Quaternary history of the Boreal forest of central Canada, based on standard pollen stratigraphy and principal components analysis. Journal of Ecology 66, 199212.
Rothenberg, B. & Blanco-Freijeiro, A. 1981. Ancient Mining and Metallurgy in South-West Spain. London: IAMS.
Schubart, H. 1975. Die Kultur der Bronzezeit im Südwesten der Iberischen Halbinsel. Madrider Forschungen Bd. 9. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
Sherratt, A. G. 1981. Plough and pastoralism: aspects of the secondary products revolution. In Hodder, I., Isaac, Gl. & Hammond, N. (eds), Patterns of the Past: Studies in Honour of David Clarke, 261305. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Stevenson, A. C. 1981. Pollen Studies in Semi-Arid Environments: N.E. Iran and S.W. Spain. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of London.
Stevenson, A. C. 1985a. Studies in the vegetational history of S.W. Spain. I. Modern pollen in the Donana National Park, Huelva. Journal of Biogeography 12, 243–68.
Stevenson, A. C. 1985b. Studies in the vegetational history of S.W. Spain. II. Palynological investigations at Laguna de las Madres, Huelva. Journal of Biogeography 12, 293314.
Stevenson, A. C. & Moore, P. D. 1988. Studies in the vegetational history of S.W. Spain. IV. Palynological investigations at El Acebrón, Huelva. Journal of Biogeography 15, 339–61.
Stuiver, M. & Pearson, G. W. 1986. High-precision calibration of the radiocarbon timescale AD 1950–500 BC. Radiocarbon 28, 839–69.
Suess, H. E. 1970. The three causes of secular 14C fluctuations, their amplitudes and time constants. In Olsson, I. U. (ed.), Radiocarbon Variations and Absolute Chronology, 595605. New York & London: Wiley.
Tauber, H. 1967. Investigations of the mode of pollen transfer in forested areas. Reviews of Palaeobotany and Palynology 3, 277–87.
ter Braak, C.J.F. 1987. CANOCO — A FORTRAN Program for Canonical Community Ordination by [Partial] [Canonical] Correspondence Analysis, Principal Components Analysis and Redundancy Analysis (Version 2.1). Technical report LWA–88–02., GLW, Wageningen.
ter Braak, C.J.F. 1990. Update Notes: CANOCO Version 3.1. Wageningen: Agricultural Mathematics Group.
Terrón, E. 1981. Agricultura General, by Alonso de Herrera (Facsimile Edition of text first published in 1513). Madrid: Ministerio de Agricultura.
Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Moore, D. M., Valentine, D.H., Walters, S.M. & Webb, D.A. 19641980. Flora Europaea. Volumes 1–5. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Vallué, J. 1982. La agricultura en Al-Andalus. Al Qantara 3, 261305.
Van Zeist, W., Timmers, R. W. & Bottema, S. 1968. Studies of modern and Holocene pollen precipitation in S.E. Turkey. Palaeohistoria 14, 1939.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Ancient Forests in Spain: A Model for Land-use and Dry Forest Management in South-west Spain from 4000 BC to 1900 AD

  • A. C. Stevenson (a1) and R. J. Harrison (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.