Andre, F, Andre, C, Feknous, M, Colin, L & Cavagna, S (1991) Digestive permeability to different-sized molecules and to sodium cromoglycate in food allergy. Allergy Proceedings 12, 293–298.
Axelsson, I, Jakobsson, I, Lindberg, T, Polberger, S, Benediktsson, B & Räihä, N (1989) Macromolecular absorption in preterm and term infants. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica 78, 532–537.
Bender, AE & Matthews, DR (1981) Adverse reactions to foods. British Journal of Nutrition 46, 403–407.
Buts, JP, De Keyser, N, De Raedemaeker, L, Collette, E & Sokal, EM (1995) Polyamine profiles in human milk, infant formulas, and semi-elemental diets. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 21, 44–49.
Buts, JP, De Keyser, N, Kolanowski, J, Sokal, E & Van, Hoof F (1993) Maturation of villus and crypt cell functions in rat small intestine. Role of dietary polyamines. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 38, 1091–1098.
Buts, J-P, De Keyser, N, Romain, N, Dandrifosse, G, Sokal, E & Nsengiyumva, T (1994) Response of rat immature enterocytes to insulin: regulation by receptor binding and uptake of endoluminal polyamine uptake. Gastroenterology 106, 49–59.
Coombes, RRA & Gell, PGH (1963) The classification of allergic reactions underlying disease. In Clinical Aspects of Immunology, pp. 313–317 [Gell, PGH and Coombes, RRA, editors]. Oxford: Blackwell Science.
Dandrifosse, G, Deloyer, P, El, Khefif N & Peulen, O (1999) Dietary polyamines during lactation. In Polyamines in Health and Nutrition, pp. 213–231 [Bardocz, S and White, A, editors]. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Dandrifosse, G, Forget, G, Romain, N, Deloyer, P & Wery, I (1991) Maturation précoce de l'intestin du rat par la spermine: résultats et perspectives (Early maturation of rat intestine by spermine: results and prospects). In Les Polyamines: Chimie, Biologie, Médecine (Polyamines: Chemistry, Biology, Medicine), pp. 237–247 [Moulinoux, JP and Quemener, V, editors]. Paris: Flammarion.
Deloyer, P, Dandrifosse, G, Bartholomeus, C, Romain, N, Klimek, M, Salmon, J, Gérard, P, Goessens, G & Eyssen, H (1996) Polyamine and intestinal properties in adult rats. British Journal of Nutrition 76, 627–637.
Department of Health (1991) ACNFP Guidelines on the Assessment of Novel Foods and Processes. Report on Health and Social Subjects no. 38.London: HM Stationery Office.
Dorhout, B, van Beusekom, M, Huisman, M, Kingma, AW, de Hoog, E, Boersma, ER & Muskiet, FAJ (1996) Estimation of twenty-four hour polyamine intake from mature human milk. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 23, 298–302.
Dufour, C, Dandrifosse, G, Forget, P, Vermesse, F, Romain, N & Lepoint, P (1988)Spermine and spermidine induce intestinal maturation in the rat. Gastroenterology 95, 112–116.
Eaton, KK, Howard, M & McLaren-Howard, JMH (1995) Gut permeability measured by polyethylene glycol absorption in abnormal gut fermentation as compared with food intolerance. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 88, 63–66.
El Khefif, N, Peulen, O & Dandrifosse, G (1995) La spermine induit la prolifération de lymphocytes humains (Spermine induces the proliferation of human lymphocytes). Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry 103, D116.
Georges, P, Dandrifosse, G, Vermesse, F, Forget, P, Deloyer, P & Romain, N (1990) Reversibility of spermine-induced intestinal maturation in the rat. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 35, 1528–1536.
Iynkaran, N & Yadav, M (1987) Food allergy. In Food Allergy. Immunopathology of the Small Intestine, pp. 415–449 [Marsch, MN, editor]. New York: John Wiley and Sons Ltd.
Juvonen, P, Jakobsson, I & Lindberg, T (1990) Macromolecular absorption and cows' milk allergy. Archives of Disease in Childhood 65, 300–303.
Kaouass, M, Deloyer, P & Dandrifosse, G (1993) Intestinal development in suckling rats: direct or indirect spermine action? Digestion 55, 160–167.
Kaouass, M, Deloyer, P & Dandrifosse, G (1997a) Involvement of bombesin in spermine-induced corticosterone secretion and intestinal maturation in suckling rats. Journal of Endocrinology 153, 429–436.
Kaouass, M, Deloyer, P, Gouders, I, Peulen, O & Dandrifosse, G (1997b) Role of interleukin-1 beta, interleukin-6, and TNF alpha in intestinal maturation induced by dietary spermine in rats. Endocrine 6, 187–194.
Kaouass, M, Deloyer, P, Wery, I & Dandrifosse, G (1996) Analysis of structural and biochemical events occurring in the small intestine after dietary polyamine ingestion in suckling rats. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 41, 1434–1444.
Kaouass, M, Sulon, J, Deloyer, P & Dandrifosse, G (1994) Spermine-induced precocious intestinal maturation in suckling rats: possible involvement of glucocorticoids. Journal of Endocrinology 141, 279–283.
Laschet, J, El, Khefif N, Dandrifosse, G, Evrard, B, Minier, F, Moulinoux, JP, Seiler, N & Bureau, M (1998) Spermine and other polyamines as intracellular modulators of the endogenous phosphorylation of GABAA receptors. In Biologically Active Amines in Food. Vol. 2: Metabolic Effects of Biologically Active Amines, pp. 86–94 [Bardocz, S, White, A and Hajos, G, editors]. Luxembourg: European Commission Directorate-General XII Science, Research and Development.
Lessof, M (1993) Food Allergy and Other Adverse Reactions to Food. Brussels: ILSI Europe Publications.
Luk, GD, Marton, LJ & Baylin, SB (1980) Ornithine decarboxylase is important in intestinal mucosal maturation and recovery from injury in rats. Science 210, 195–198.
Pegg, AE (1986) Recent advances in the biochemistry of polyamines in eukaryotes. Biochemical Journal 234, 249–262.
Peulen, O & Dandrifosse, G (1999) Cyclosporin A inhibits spermine induced differentiation but not cell loss of suckling rat small intestine. Digestive Diseases and Sciences (In the Press).
Peulen, O, Dewe, W, Dandrifosse, G, Henrottay, I & Romain, N (1998c) The relationship between spermine content of human milk during the first postnatal month and allergy in children. Public Health Nutrition 1, 184–188.
Peulen, O, Muller, P, Defresne, M-P & Dandrifosse, G (1997) Spermine induced apoptosis in suckling rat small intestinal mucosa. Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry 105, 252–253.
Peulen, O, Muller, P, Gérard, P & Dandrifosse, G (1998a) Spermine-induced apoptosis in the small intestine of suckling rats. Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry 106, 1–29.
Peulen, O, Pirlet, C, Klimek, M & Dandrifosse, G (1998b) Comparison between the natural postnatal maturation and the spermine-induced maturation of the rat intestine. Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry 106, 46–55.
Pollack, PF, Koldovsky, O & Nishioka, K (1992) Polyamines in human and rat milk and in infant formulas. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 56, 371–375.
Romain, N, Dandrifosse, G, Jeusette, F & Forget, P (1992) Polyamine concentration in rat milk and food, human milk and infant formulae. Pediatric Research 32, 58–63.
Romain, N, Gesell, MS, Leroy, O, Forget, P, Dandrifosse, G & Luk, GD (1998) Effect of spermine administration on pancreatic maturation in unweaned rats. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 120A, 379–384.
Starling, EH (1896) On the absorption of fluids from the connective tissue space. Journal of Physiology 19, 312–326.
Ter, Steege JC, Buurman, WA & Forget, PP (1997) Spermine induces maturation of the immature intestinal immune system in neonatal mice. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 25, 332–340.
Wery, I & Dandrifosse, G (1993) Evolution of biochemical parameters characterizing the proximal small intestine after orally administered spermine in unweaned rats. Endocrine Regulations 27, 201–207.
Wery, I, Deloyer, P & Dandrifosse, G (1996a) Effect of a single dose of orally-administered spermine on the intestinal development of unweaned rats. Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie 104, 163–172.
Wery, I, Kaouass, M, Deloyer, P, Buts, JP, Barbason, H & Dandrifosse, G (1996b) Exogenous spermine induces maturation of the liver in suckling rats. Hepatology 24, 1206–1210.
Wery, I, Romain, N & Dandrifosse, G (1992) Maturation intestinale précoce induite par la spermine chez le rat: cinétique et perméabilité intestinale (Early intestinal maturation induced by spermine in the rat: intestinal kinetics and permeability). Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie 101, A135.