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Future-oriented PGE-product Generation Engineering: An Attempt to Increase the Future User Acceptance through Foresight in Product Engineering Using the Example of the iPhone User Interface

  • Florian Marthaler (a1), Sven Stahl (a1), Andreas Siebe (a2), Nikola Bursac (a3), Markus Spadinger (a1) and Albert Albers (a1)...

Abstract

During the process of product engineering, decisions with uncertain consequences have to be made about future development (Albers et al., 2017a). Customer, user and vendor requirements that are already known and those who are relevant for the future have to be recognized and transferred into consistent projects. Classical approaches like customer surveys or market analyses are only partially useful for anticipating or validating future product requirements since they rather evaluate todays situation. Methods of foresight are preferably applied to make decisions under circumstances of uncertainty and to generate future knowledge. The following work treats thus a system that enables the user to deduce future requirements based on trend analyses. The system which was first mentioned in Albers et al. and further developed in Marthaler et al. will serve as the basis. (Albers et al., 2018a; Marthaler et al., 2019). The goal is to present and evaluate a system based on the analysis and identification of trends that allows to identify robust requirements for future product generations and to transfer them into concrete development agreements in the form of a development road map.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.

Corresponding author

Contact: Marthaler, Florian, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institution of product engineering, Germany, florian.marthaler@kit.edu

References

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Albers, A., Bursac, N. and Wintergerst, E. (2015), “Product generation development-importance and challenges from a design research perspective”, In: New Developments in Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering.
Albers, A., Dumitrescu, R., Marthaler, F., Albers, A. A., Kühfuss, D., Strauch, M., Siebe, A. and Bursac, N. (2018a), PGE-Produktgenerationsentwicklung und Zukunftsvorausschau: Eine systematische Betrachtung zur Ermittlung der Zusammenhänge
Albers, A., Heitger, N., Haug, F., Fahl, J., Hirschter, T. and Bursac, N. (2018a) “Supporting Potential Innovation in the Early Phase of PGE – Product Generation Engineering: Structuring the Development of the Initial System of Objectives”. R&D Management Conference 2018, Mailand, Italy.
Albers, A., Rapp, S., Heitger, N., Wattenberg, F. and Bursac, N. (2018b), “Reference Products in PGE – Product Generation Engineering: Analyzing Challenges Based on the System Hierarchy” in Procedia CIRP Vol. 70, pp: 469474. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2018.02.046
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