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UV color-color relation of early-type galaxies

  • Chang H. Ree (a1), Hyunjin Jeong (a1), Kyuseok Oh (a2), Chul Chung (a2), Joon Hyeop Lee (a1), Sang Chul Kim (a1) and Jaemann Kyeong (a1)...

Abstract

The ultraviolet (UV) color-color relation of early-type galaxies (ETGs) in the nearby universe (0.05 < z < 0.12) is re-examined with the latest GALEX GR6 and SDSS DR7 data. By drawing the FUV – NUV (as a measure of UV temperature) versus FUV – r (as a measure of UV amplitude) color-color diagram for the morphologically-cleaned, spectroscopically-cleaned sample of ~3700 quiescent ETGs, we find that the “old and dead“ ETGs consist of a well-defined sequence in UV colors, the “UV red sequence”, so that the stronger UV excess galaxies should have a harder UV spectral shape systematically. However, the observed UV spectral slope is too steep to be reproduced by the canonical models in which the UV flux is mainly controlled by age or metallicity parameters. The observed data support the helium enhancement scenario in which the UV spectral shape of UV upturn (FUV – NUV < 0.9; FUV – r ~ 6) galaxies may be governed by the minority population of helium-enhanced horizontal-branch (HB) stars.

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Keywords

UV color-color relation of early-type galaxies

  • Chang H. Ree (a1), Hyunjin Jeong (a1), Kyuseok Oh (a2), Chul Chung (a2), Joon Hyeop Lee (a1), Sang Chul Kim (a1) and Jaemann Kyeong (a1)...

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