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Study of magnetic field topology of active region 12192 using an extrapolated non-force-free magnetic field

  • A. Prasad (a1), R. Bhattacharyya (a1), Q. Hu (a2), S. S. Nayak (a1) and Sanjay Kumar (a3)...

Abstract

The solar active region (AR) 12192 was one of the most flare productive region of solar cycle 24, which produced many X-class flares; the most energetic being an X3.1 flare on October 24, 2014 at 21:10 UT. Customarily, such events are believed to be triggered by magnetic reconnection in coronal magnetic fields. Here we use the vector magnetograms from solar photosphere, obtained from Heliospheric Magnetic Imager (HMI) to investigate the magnetic field topology prior to the X3.1 event, and ascertain the conditions that might have caused the flare. To infer the coronal magnetic field, a novel non-force-free field (NFFF) extrapolation technique of the photospheric field is used, which suitably mimics the Lorentz forces present in the photospheric plasma. We also highlight the presence of magnetic null points and quasi-separatrix layers (QSLs) in the magnetic field topology, which are preferred sites for magnetic reconnections and discuss the probable reconnection scenarios.

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References

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Pontin, D. I., 2012, Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society of London Series A, 370, 3169
Hu, Q., Dasgupta, B., Choudhary, D. P., & Büchner, J., 2008, ApJ, 679, 848853
Prasad, A., Bhattacharyya, R., & Kumar, S., 2017, ApJ, 840, 37
Prasad, A., Bhattacharyya, R., Hu, Q., Kumar, S., & Nayak, S. S., 2018, ApJ, 860, 96
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Study of magnetic field topology of active region 12192 using an extrapolated non-force-free magnetic field

  • A. Prasad (a1), R. Bhattacharyya (a1), Q. Hu (a2), S. S. Nayak (a1) and Sanjay Kumar (a3)...

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