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SMA and ALMA studies of protoplanetary disk formation around low-mass protostars

  • Shigehisa Takakuwa (a1), Nagayoshi Ohashi (a1) (a2), Hsi-Wei Yen (a1), Ti-Lin Chou (a1), Kazuya Saigo (a3), Masao Saito (a4), Yusuke Aso (a2) (a5), Yuri Aikawa (a6), Shin Koyamatsu (a2) (a5), Masahiro N. Machida (a7), Sanemichi Z. Takahashi (a8), Kengo Tomida (a9) and Kohji Tomisaka (a10)...

Abstract

We report our systematic survey observations of protostellar sources with the SubMillimeter Array (SMA) and Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). The purpose of our survey is to investigate formation mechanism of protoplanetary disks, precursors of planetary systems, out of ~1000 AU-scale protostellar envelopes surrounding the protostars. We found that in the early protostars (B335, NGC1333 IRAS 4B), the envelopes do not show significant rotating motions but infalling motions toward the central protostars. In more evolved protostars (L1527 IRS, L1448-mm, L1551 IRS 5), the envelopes are infalling and rotating with the conserved specific angular momenta (that is, v rot r −1). In most evolved sources (L1551 NE, TMC-1A, L1489 IRS) large-scale (≳100 AU) disks in Keplerian rotation or protoplanetary disks are evident. These results demonstrate a systematic evolutionary trend of envelope gas motions toward the disk formation.

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References

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