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A search for intervening HI absorption

  • Sarah N. Reeves (a1) (a2) (a3), Elaine M. Sadler (a1) (a3), James R. Allison (a1), Baerbel S. Koribalksi (a2) and Stephen J. Curran (a1) (a3)...

Abstract

HI absorption-line studies provide a unique probe of the gas distribution and kinematics in galaxies well beyond the local universe (z ≳ 0.3). HI absorption-line surveys with next-generation radio telescopes will provide the first large-scale studies of HI in a redshift regime which is poorly understood. However, we currently lack the understanding to infer galaxy properties from absorption-line observations alone. To address this issue, we are conducting a search for intervening HI absorption in a sample of 20 nearby galaxies. Our aim is to investigate how the detection rate varies with distance from the galaxy. We target sight-lines to bright continuum sources, which intercept known gas-rich galaxies, selected from the HIPASS Bright Galaxy Catalogue (Koribalski et al. 2004). In our pilot sample, six galaxies with impact parameters < 20 kpc, we do not detect any absorption lines — although all are detected in 21cm emission. This indicates that an absorption non-detection cannot simply be interpreted as an absence of neutral gas – see Fig. 1. Our detection rate is low compared to previous surveys e.g. Gupta et al. (2010). This is, at least partially, due to the high resolution of the observations reducing the flux of the background source, which will also be an issue in future surveys, such as ASKAP-FLASH.

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References

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Allison, J. R.et al. 2012, PASA, 29, 221
Gupta, N.et al. 2010, MNRAS, 408, 849
Koribalski, B. S.et al. 2004, AJ, 128, 16
Reeves, S. N.et al. (in prep)
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