Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Revealing the Location of the Mixing Layer in a Hot Bubble

  • M. A. Guerrero (a1), X. Fang (a1) (a2), Y.-H. Chu (a3), J. A. Toalá (a1) (a3) and R. A. Gruendl (a4)...

Abstract

The fast stellar winds can blow bubbles in the circumstellar material ejected from previous phases of stellar evolution. These are found at different scales, from planetary nebulae (PNe) around stars evolving to the white dwarf stage, to Wolf-Rayet (WR) bubbles and up to large-scale bubbles around massive star clusters. In all cases, the fast stellar wind is shock-heated and a hot bubble is produced. Processes of mass evaporation and mixing of nebular material and heat conduction occurring at the mixing layer between the hot bubble and the optical nebula are key to determine the thermal structure of these bubbles and their evolution. In this contribution we review our current understanding of the X-ray observations of hot bubbles in PNe and present the first spatially-resolved study of a mixing layer in a PN.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Revealing the Location of the Mixing Layer in a Hot Bubble
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Revealing the Location of the Mixing Layer in a Hot Bubble
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Revealing the Location of the Mixing Layer in a Hot Bubble
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Balick, B., 2004, AJ, 127, 2262
Bernard-Salas, J., Pottasch, S. R., Wesselius, P. R., Feibelman, W. A., 2003, A&A, 406, 165
Cerruti-Sola, M. & Perinotto M., 1985, ApJ, 291, 237
Chu, Y.-H., Guerrero, M. A., Gruendl, R. A. et al., 2001, ApJL, 553, L69
Fang, X., Guerrero, M. A., Toalá, J. A., Chu, Y.-H., & Gruendl, R. A., 2016, ApJL, 822, L19
Frank, A., Balick, B., Riley, J., 1990, AJ, 100, 1903
Freeman, M., Montez, R. J.r., Kastner, J. H. et al., 2014, ApJ, 794, 99
Gruendl, R. A., Chu, Y.-H., Guerrero, M. A., 2004, ApJL, 617, L127
Guerrero, M. A., Chu, Y.-H., Gruendl, R. A., 2000, ApJS, 129, 295
Guerrero, M. A., Chu, Y.-H., Gruendl, R. A., Meixner, M., 2005, A&A, 430, L69
Guerrero, M. A., de Marco, O., 2013, A&A, 553, A126
Guerrero, M. A., Gruendl, R. A., Chu, Y.-H., 2002, A&A, 387, L1
Kastner, J. H., Montez, R. Jr, Balick, B., & De Marco, O. 2008 ApJ 672 957
Kastner, J. H., Montez, R. Jr., Balick, B., et al. 2012, AJ, 144, 58
Kastner, J. H., Soker, N., Vrtilek, S. D., Dgani, R., 2000, ApJL, 545, L57
Kastner, J. H., Vrtilek, S. D., Soker, N., 2001, ApJ, 550, 189
Kwok, S. 1983 Proc. IAU Symp. 103, Planetary Nebulae ed D. R. Flower, 293 (Dordrecht: D. Reidel)
Prinja, R. K., Hodges, S. E., Massa, D. L., Fullerton, A. W., Burnley, A. W., 2007, MNRAS, 382, 299
Reed, D. S., Balick, B., Hajian, A. R. et al., 1999, AJ, 118, 2430
Soker, N., 1994, AJ, 107, 276
Steffen, M., Schönberner, D., Warmuth, A., 2008, A&A, 489, 173
Toalá, J. A., Arthur, S. J., 2014, MNRAS, 443, 3486
Toalá, J. A., Arthur, S. J., 2016, MNRAS, 463, 4438
MathJax
MathJax is a JavaScript display engine for mathematics. For more information see http://www.mathjax.org.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed