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Quenching of expanding outflow in massive star-forming region W75N(B)-VLA 2

  • Soon-Wook Kim (a1) (a2) and Jeong-Sook Kim (a1)

Abstract

VLBI observation of masers is a powerful mean to understand the early evolutionary phase of massive star formation. A few different scenarios of outflow evolution in the massive protostars have been proposed, and cannot be readily examined because the precise timing of appropriate maser phenomena is difficult. In particular, it has been a matter of debate whether a well-collimated or a less-collimated outflow comes first in the very early phase of the massive protostellar evolution. Long-term, multi-epoch VLBI monitoring is probably the most important method to trace the outflow evolution. Such a monitoring of a massive star-forming region W75N(B) has been very successful. Since the first detection of the expanding water maser shell associated with the star-forming region VLA 2 of W75N(B) in 1999, the observations in 2005 and 2007 displayed that the expanding water maser shell has been evolved to well-collimated from a less collimated morphology. Observations in 2012 also confirmed such a transition. It would be a major breakthrough in our knowledge of the formation and evolution of the first stages of massive protostars. We performed multi-epoch VLBI observations in mid-2014. On the contrary to its expansion for 13 years, the maser shell at VLA 2 observed in 2014 is comparable to the size observed in 2012. The quenching of the maser shell size indicates that the previously expanding outflow has been decelerated plausibly due to the interaction with surrounding interstellar medium.

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Carrasco-González, C., Torrelles, J. M., Cantó, J., Curiel, S. Surcis, G., Vlemmings, W. H. T., van Langevelde, H. J., Goddi, C., Anglada, G., Kim, S.-W., Kim, J.-S., & Gómez, J. F., 2015, Science, 348, 114
Kim, J.-S., Kim, S.-W., Kurayama, T., Honma, M., Sasao, T., Surcis, G., Cantó, J., Torrelles, J. M., & Kim, S. J., 2013, Ap. J., 767, 86
Kim, J.-S., & Kim, S.-W., 2014, Proceedings of the 12th European VLBI Network Symposium and Users Meeting (EVN 2014), 42 (https://pos.sissa.it/230/042/pdf)
Surcis, G., Vlemmings, W. H. T., Curiel, S., Hutawarakorn Kramer, B., Torrelles, J. M., & Sanna, A. P., 2011, A&A, 527, A48
Surcis, G., Vlemmings, W. H. T., van Langevelde, H. J., Goddil, C., Torrelles, J. M., Cantó, J., Curiel, S., Kim, S.-W., & Kim, J.-S., 2014, A&A, 565, L8
Torrelles, J. M., Patel, N. A., Anglada, G., Gómez, J. F., Ho, P. T. P., Lara, L., Alberdi, A., Cantó, J., Curiel, S., Garay, G., & Rodríguez, L. F., 2003, Ap. J., 598, L115
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Keywords

Quenching of expanding outflow in massive star-forming region W75N(B)-VLA 2

  • Soon-Wook Kim (a1) (a2) and Jeong-Sook Kim (a1)

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