Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Planetary Nebulae and their parent stellar populations. Tracing the mass assembly of M87 and Intracluster light in the Virgo cluster core

  • Magda Arnaboldi (a1) (a2), Alessia Longobardi (a3) and Ortwin Gerhard (a3)

Abstract

The diffuse extended outer regions of galaxies are hard to study because they are faint, with typical surface brightness of 1% of the dark night sky. We can tackle this problem by using resolved star tracers which remain visible at large distances from the galaxy centers. This article describes the use of Planetary Nebulae as tracers and the calibration of their properties as indicators of the star formation history, mean age and metallicity of the parent stars in the Milky Way and Local Group galaxies. We then report on the results from a deep, extended, planetary nebulae survey in a 0.5 deg2 region centered on the brightest cluster galaxy NGC 4486 (M87) in the Virgo cluster core, carried out with SuprimeCam@Subaru and FLAMES-GIRAFFE@VLT. Two planetary nebulae populations are identified out to 150 kpc distance from the center of M87. One population is associated with the M87 halo and the second one with the intracluster light in the Virgo cluster core. They have different line-of-sight velocity and spatial distributions, as well as different planetary nebulae specific frequencies and luminosity functions. The intracluster planetary nebulae in the surveyed region correspond to a luminosity of four times the luminosity of the Large Magellanic Cloud. The M87 halo planetary nebulae trace an older, more metal-rich, parent stellar population. A substructure detected in the projected phase-space of the line-of-sight velocity vs. major axis distance for the M87 halo planetary nebulae provides evidence for the recent accretion event of a satellite galaxy with luminosity twice that of M33. The satellite stars were tidally stripped about 1 Gyr ago, and reached apocenter at a major axis distance of 60–90 kpc from the center of M87. The M87 halo is still growing significantly at the distances where the substructure is detected.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Planetary Nebulae and their parent stellar populations. Tracing the mass assembly of M87 and Intracluster light in the Virgo cluster core
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Planetary Nebulae and their parent stellar populations. Tracing the mass assembly of M87 and Intracluster light in the Virgo cluster core
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Planetary Nebulae and their parent stellar populations. Tracing the mass assembly of M87 and Intracluster light in the Virgo cluster core
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Aguerri, J. A. L., Gerhard, O. E., Arnaboldi, M., Napolitano, N. R., et al. 2005, AJ, 129, 2585
Arnaboldi, M., Doherty, M., Gerhard, O. E., Ciardullo, R.et al. 2008, ApJ, 674, L17
Arnaboldi, M., Freeman, K. C., Okamura, S., Yasuda, N.et al. 2003, AJ, 125, 514
Arnaboldi, M., Aguerri, J. A. L., Napolitano, N. R., Gerhard, O. E.et al. 2002, AJ, 123, 760
Binggeli, B., Tammann, G. A., & Sandage, A. 1987, AJ, 94, 251
Buzzoni, A., Arnaboldi, M., & Corradi, R. 2006, MNRAS, 368, 877
Castro-Rodriguez, N., Arnaboldi, M., Aguerri, J. A. L., Gerhard, O.et al. 2009, A&A, 507, 621
Ciardullo, R., Sigurdsson, S., Feldmeier, J. J., Jacoby, G. H. 2005 ApJ 629, 499
Ciardullo, R., Durrell, P. R., Laychak, M. B.et al. 2004, ApJ, 614, 167
Ciardullo, R., Feldmeier, J. J., Jacoby, G. H., KuzioAAAAdeAAAANaray, R.et al. 2002, ApJ, 577, 31
Ciardullo, R., Jacoby, G. H., Feldmeier, J. J., & Bartlett, R. E. 1998, ApJ, 492, 62
Ciardullo, R., Jacoby, G. H., Ford, H. C., & Neill, J. D. 1989, ApJ, 339, 53
Coccato, L., Gerhard, O., Arnaboldi, M.et al. 2009, MNRAS, 394, 1249
Cooper, A. P., Gao, L., Guo, Q., Frenk, C. S., et al. 2015, MNRAS, 451, 2703
Cortesi, A., Arnaboldi, M., Coccato, L.et al. 2013, A&A, 549, 115
De Lucia, G.,& Blaizot, J. 2007, MNRAS, 375, 2
Doherty, M., Arnaboldi, M., Das, P., Gerhard, O.et al. 2009, A&A, 502, 771
Dopita, M., Massaglia, S., Bodo, G., Arnaboldi, M.et al. 2000, ASPC, 199, 423
Dopita, M., Jacoby, G. H., & Vassiliadis, E. 1992, ApJ, 389, 27
Jacoby, G. H. & De Marco, O. 2002, AJ, 123, 269
Jacoby, G. H. 1989, ApJ, 339, 39
Kormendy, J., Fisher, D. B., Cornell, M. E., & Bender, R. 2009, ApJS, 182, 216
Hernández-Martínez, L. & Peña, M. 2009, A&A, 495, 447
Henize, K. G. & Westerlund, B. E. 1963, ApJ, 137, 747
Longobardi, A., Arnaboldi, M., Gerhard, O., & Hanuschik, R. 2015a, A&A 579, 135
Longobardi, A., Arnaboldi, M., Gerhard, O., & Mihos, J. C. 2015b, A&A 579L, 3
Longobardi, A., Arnaboldi, M., Gerhard, O., Coccato, L.et al. 2013, A&A 558, 42
Marigo, P., Girardi, L., Weiss, A., Groenewegen, M. A. T., et al. 2004, A&A, 423
Oser, L., Ostriker, J. P., Naab, T., Johansson, P. H., et al. 2010, ApJ, 725, 2312
Quinn, P. J. 1984, ApJ, 279, 596
Reid, W. A. & Parker, Q. A. 2010, MNRAS, 405, 1349
Rudick, C. S., Mihos, J. C., Harding, P., Feldmeier, J. J.et al. 2010, ApJ, 720, 569
Villaver, E. & Stanghellini, L. 2005, ApJ, 632, 854
Weil, M. L., Bland-Hawthorn, J., & Malin, D. F. 1997, ApJ 490, 664
Williams, B. F., Ciardullo, R., Durrell, P. R., Vinciguerra, M.et al. 2007, ApJ, 656, 756
MathJax
MathJax is a JavaScript display engine for mathematics. For more information see http://www.mathjax.org.

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed