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New Beryllium results in halo stars from Keck/HIRES spectra

  • Ann Merchant Boesgaard (a1), Jeffrey A. Rich (a1), Emily M. Levesque (a1) and Brendan P. Bowler (a1)

Abstract

We have obtained high-resolution, high signal-to-noise Keck spectra to determine Be abundances in over 100 stars in the Galactic halo. The stellar metallicities range from [Fe/H] = −0.50 to −3.50. Using this large sample, we have examined the trends of Be with Fe and Be with O. We find a real dispersion in Be at a given [O/H] that indicates that Be may not be a good cosmochronometer. Our results indicate that the dominant production mechanism for Be changes as the Galaxy ages. In the early eras of the Galaxy, when massive stars become supernovae, Be is produced from the acceleration of energetic CNO atoms which bombard protons in the vicinity of supernovae. Later spallation reactions occur as high energy protons bombard CNO atoms in the interstellar gas. The change occurs near [Fe/H] = −2.2. We have found that Be is deficient in Li-deficient halo stars, which favors the blue straggler analog hypothesis.

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References

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New Beryllium results in halo stars from Keck/HIRES spectra

  • Ann Merchant Boesgaard (a1), Jeffrey A. Rich (a1), Emily M. Levesque (a1) and Brendan P. Bowler (a1)

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