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Modeling the solar cycle: what the future holds

  • Dibyendu Nandy (a1)

Abstract

Stellar magnetic fields are produced by a magnetohydrodynamic dynamo mechanism working in their interior – which relies on the interaction between plasma flows and magnetic fields. The Sun, being a well-observed star, offers an unique opportunity to test theoretical ideas and models of stellar magnetic field generation. Solar magnetic fields produce sunspots, whose number increases and decreases with a 11 year periodicity – giving rise to what is known as the solar cycle. Dynamo models of the solar cycle seek to understand its origin, variation and evolution with time. In this review, I summarize observations of the solar cycle and describe theoretical ideas and kinematic dynamo modeling efforts to address its origin. I end with a discussion on the future of solar cycle modeling – emphasizing the importance of a close synergy between observational data assimilation, kinematic dynamo models and full magnetohydrodynamic models of the solar interior.

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Modeling the solar cycle: what the future holds

  • Dibyendu Nandy (a1)

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