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Full-spectral fitting techniques to characterise the stellar content of ultra diffuse galaxies

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 October 2019

Tomás Ruiz-Lara
Affiliation:
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Calle Vía Láctea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain, email: tomasruizlara@gmail.com Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
M. A. Beasley
Affiliation:
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Calle Vía Láctea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain, email: tomasruizlara@gmail.com Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
C. Gallart
Affiliation:
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Calle Vía Láctea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain, email: tomasruizlara@gmail.com Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
J. Falcón-Barroso
Affiliation:
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Calle Vía Láctea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain, email: tomasruizlara@gmail.com Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
G. Battaglia
Affiliation:
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Calle Vía Láctea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain, email: tomasruizlara@gmail.com Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
E. Bernard
Affiliation:
Université Côte d’Azur, OCA, CNRS, Lagrange, France
C. Brook
Affiliation:
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Calle Vía Láctea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain, email: tomasruizlara@gmail.com Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
A. Di Cintio
Affiliation:
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Calle Vía Láctea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain, email: tomasruizlara@gmail.com Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
E. Florido
Affiliation:
Departamento de Física Teórica y del Cosmos, Universidad de Granada, Campus de Fuentenueva, E-18071 Granada, Spain Instituto Carlos I de Física Teórica y computacional, Universidad de Granada, E-18071 Granada, Spain
I. Martín-Navarro
Affiliation:
University of California Observatories, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA Max-Planck Institut für Astronomie, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany
M. Monelli
Affiliation:
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Calle Vía Láctea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain, email: tomasruizlara@gmail.com Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
I. Pérez
Affiliation:
Departamento de Física Teórica y del Cosmos, Universidad de Granada, Campus de Fuentenueva, E-18071 Granada, Spain Instituto Carlos I de Física Teórica y computacional, Universidad de Granada, E-18071 Granada, Spain
F. Pinna
Affiliation:
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Calle Vía Láctea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain, email: tomasruizlara@gmail.com Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
J. Román
Affiliation:
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Calle Vía Láctea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain, email: tomasruizlara@gmail.com Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
P. Sánchez-Blázquez
Affiliation:
Departamento de Física Teórica, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, E-28049 Cantoblanco, Spain
I. Trujillo
Affiliation:
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Calle Vía Láctea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain, email: tomasruizlara@gmail.com Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
A. Vazdekis
Affiliation:
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Calle Vía Láctea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain, email: tomasruizlara@gmail.com Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
Corresponding
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Abstract

Understanding the peculiar properties of Ultra Diffuse Galaxies (UDGs) via spectroscopic analysis is a challenging task that is now becoming feasible. The advent of 10m-class telescopes and high sensitivity instruments is enabling the gathering of high quality spectra even for the faintest systems. In addition, advances in the modelling of stellar populations, stellar libraries, and full-spectral fitting codes are allowing the recovery of the stellar content shaping those spectra with unprecedented reliability. In this contribution we report on the extensive tests we have carried out using the inversion code STECKMAP. The similarities between the Star Formation Histories (SFH) recovered from STECKMAP (applied to high-quality spectra) and deep Colour-Magnitude diagrams fitting (resolved stars) in two Local Group dwarf galaxies (LMC and LeoA) are remarkable, demonstrating the impressive performance of STECKMAP. We exploit the capabilities of STECKMAP and perform one of the most complete and reliable characterisations of the stellar component of UDGs to date using deep spectroscopic data. We measure radial and rotation velocities, SFHs and mean population parameters, such as ages and metallicities, for a sample of five UDG candidates in the Coma cluster. From the radial velocities, we confirm the Coma membership of these galaxies. We find that their rotation properties, if detected at all, are compatible with dwarf-like galaxies. The SFHs of the UDG are dominated by old (∼ 7 Gyr), metal-poor ([M/H] ∼ -1.1) and alpha-enhanced ([Mg/Fe]∼ 0.4) populations followed by a smooth or episodic decline which halted ∼ 2 Gyr ago, possibly a sign of cluster-induced quenching. We find no obvious correlation between individual SFH shapes and any UDG morphological properties. The recovered stellar properties for UDGs are similar to those found for DDO 44, a local UDG analogue resolved into stars. We conclude that the UDGs in our sample are extended dwarfs whose properties are likely the outcome of both internal processes, such as bursty SFHs and/or high-spin haloes, as well as environmental effects within the Coma cluster.

Type
Contributed Papers
Copyright
© International Astronomical Union 2019 

References

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Full-spectral fitting techniques to characterise the stellar content of ultra diffuse galaxies
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