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Does 3rd dredge-up reduce AGB mass-loss?

  • Stefan Uttenthaler (a1), Iain McDonald (a2), Klaus Bernhard (a3) (a4), Sergio Cristallo (a5) (a6) and David Gobrecht (a7)...

Abstract

We follow up on a previous finding that Miras containing the third dredge-up (3DUP) indicator technetium (Tc) in their atmosphere form a different sequence of K – [22] colour as a function of pulsation period than Miras without Tc. A near-to-mid-infrared colour such as K – [22] is a good probe for the dust mass-loss rate (MLR) of these AGB stars. Contrary to what one might naïvely expect, Tc-poor Miras show redderK – [22] colours (i.e. higher dust MLRs) than Tc-rich Miras at a given period. In the follow-up work, the previous sample is extended and the analysis is expanded towards other colours and ISO dust spectra to check if the previous finding is due to a specific dust feature in the 22 μm band. We also investigate if the same two sequences can be revealed in the gas MLR. Different hypotheses to explain the observation of two sequences in the P vs. K – [22] diagram are discussed and tested, but so far none of them convincingly explains the observations.

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Glassgold, A.E. 1995, ApJ, 438, L111
Riebel, D., Boyer, M.L., Srinivasan, S., et al. 2015, ApJ, 807, 1
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Uttenthaler, S., McDonald, I., Bernhard, K., et al. 2018, submitted to A&A
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Does 3rd dredge-up reduce AGB mass-loss?

  • Stefan Uttenthaler (a1), Iain McDonald (a2), Klaus Bernhard (a3) (a4), Sergio Cristallo (a5) (a6) and David Gobrecht (a7)...

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