Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Discovery of Secular Evolution of the Atmospheric Abundances of Ap Stars

  • J. D. Bailey (a1), J. D. Landstreet (a2) (a3) and S. Bagnulo (a3)

Abstract

The stars of the middle main-sequence have relatively quiescent outer layers, and unusual chemical abundance patterns may develop in their atmospheres, revealing the action of such subsurface phenomena as gravitational settling and radiatively driven levitation of trace elements, and their competition with mixing processes such as turbulent diffusion. We report the discovery of the time evolution of such chemical tracers through the main-sequence lifetime of magnetic chemically peculiar stars.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Discovery of Secular Evolution of the Atmospheric Abundances of Ap Stars
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Discovery of Secular Evolution of the Atmospheric Abundances of Ap Stars
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Discovery of Secular Evolution of the Atmospheric Abundances of Ap Stars
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Bagnulo, S., Landstreet, J. D., Mason, E., et al. 2006, A&A 450, 777
Bailey, J. D., Landstreet, J. D., & Bagnulo, S. 2014, A&A 561, A147
Landstreet, J. D. 1988, ApJ 326, 967
Landstreet, J. D. 2004, in Zverko, J., Ziznovsky, J., Adelman, S. J., & Weiss, W. W. (eds.), The A-Star Puzzle, Vol. 224 of IAU Symposium, pp 423–432
Landstreet, J. D., Bagnulo, S., Andretta, V., et al. 2007, A&A 470, 685
Wade, G. A., Bagnulo, S., Kochukhov, O., et al. 2001, A&A 374, 265
MathJax
MathJax is a JavaScript display engine for mathematics. For more information see http://www.mathjax.org.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Discovery of Secular Evolution of the Atmospheric Abundances of Ap Stars

  • J. D. Bailey (a1), J. D. Landstreet (a2) (a3) and S. Bagnulo (a3)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.