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Deep spectroscopy of the dwarf spheroidal NGC 185

  • Denise R. Gonçalves (a1) (a2), Laura Magrini (a3), Lucimara P. Martins (a4), Ana M. Teodorescu (a5), Cintia Quireza (a1) and Gaia Lanfranchi (a3)...

Abstract

Dwarf galaxies are crucial to understand the formation and evolution of galaxies, since they constitute the most abundant galaxy population. Abundance ratios and their variations due to star formation and inflow/outflow of gas are key constraints to chemical evolution models. The determination of these abundances in the dwarf galaxies of the Local Universe is thus of extreme importance. NGC 185 is one of the four brightest dwarf companions of M31, but unlike the other three it has an important content of gas and dust. Interestingly enough, in an optical survey of bright nearby galaxies NGC 185 was classified as a Seyfert galaxy based on its integrated emission-line ratios in the nuclear regions. However, although its emission lines formally place it in the category of Seyfert it is probable that this galaxy does not contain a genuine active nucleus. In this contribution, we resume, firstly, our results of an empirical study of the galaxy, on which we characterise its emission-line population and obtain planetary nebulae abundance ratios (Gonçalves et al. 2012). And, secondly, we discuss our attempt to identify the possible ionization mechanisms for NGC 185 enlighting the controversial classification of this galaxy dwarf spheroidal (dSph) as well as Seyfert, via stellar population synthesis and chemical evolution modelling (Martins et al. 2011).

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References

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Gonçalves, D. R., Magrini, L., Martins, L. P., Teodorescu, A. M., & Quireza, C. 2012, MNRAS, 419, 854
Ho, L., Filippenko, A. V., & Sargent, W. L. W. 1997, ApJS, 112, 315
Lanfranchi, G. & Matteucci, F. 2003, MNRAS, 345, 71
Martins, L. P., Lanfranchi, G., Gonçalves, D. R., Magrini, L., Teodorescu, A. M., & Quireza, C. 2011, MNRAS, submitted
Richer, M. G. & McCall, M. L. 2008, ApJ, 684, 1190
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Deep spectroscopy of the dwarf spheroidal NGC 185

  • Denise R. Gonçalves (a1) (a2), Laura Magrini (a3), Lucimara P. Martins (a4), Ana M. Teodorescu (a5), Cintia Quireza (a1) and Gaia Lanfranchi (a3)...

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