We briefly review the traditional classifications of CP stars. The current availability of large numbers of abundances now make it possible to use multivariate techniques, both to supplement traditional classification methods and probe the abundance patterns. We discuss cluster analysis and correlation matrices for sample material. We review the historical resistance to the notion that CP stars were indeed chemically peculiar. Modern work shows that while these objects do indeed have atmospheric anomalies, they are nevertheless chemically peculiar.
Abundance patterns are an important clue to the origin of the abundance peculiarities. We contrast patterns due to nuclear and chemical differentiation processes. The roAp and related stars show vertical as well as horizontal abundance variations, and abnormal line profiles. Photospheric abundances in these stars are surely abnormal (nonsolar), but as long as the models are uncertain the derived abundances will be very crude.
For more than two decades, observations of CP stars in the X-ray and radio regimes have been made with increasing sensitivity and pointing accuracy. We discuss the current evidence linking magnetic and nonmagnetic CP stars to sources of galactic X-rays and radio radiation. There seems no doubt that high energy phenomena are associated with, if not produced by, some CP stars. This circumstance admits the possibility that the release of high energy particles (p's, n's and $\alpha$'s) during such events may initiate nuclear reactions on the surfaces of the CP stars. We briefly reconsider the viability of such processes for producing exotic species like Pm by proton bombardment using recent data for solar and stellar flares.