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Broadband observations of pulsar profiles and frequency dependent DMs

  • Isabella Rammala (a1), Aris Karastergiou (a1) (a2) (a3) and Griffin Foster (a2)

Abstract

The aim of our project is to search for ways to best extract information on pulsar profiles and the interstellar medium (ISM), using the wide frequency bands that are typical of radio telescopes today. Pulsar profiles typically show a strong dependence on frequency. This depends both on the intrinsic radio emission mechanism, and the interaction of the radio waves with the ISM that lies between the pulsars and our detectors on Earth, due mostly to the effects of dispersion and scattering. In this work, we make use of radio pulsar beam models from the existing literature, to generate simulated pulse profiles, observed across various bands (centre frequencies and bandwidths), for each beam model. For all the chosen geometric parameters of the pulsar beam, observed in any frequency band, the simulated profiles manifest a relative shift in phase in their observed components, as a result of the intrinsic profile evolution. This relative shift in phase could be interpreted as an additional component to the ISM induced dispersion measure (DM). This additional DM component due to profile evolution is frequency dependent. We discuss the systematics introduced to pulsar data due to this effect.

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References

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Backer, D. C., 1976, ApJ, 209, 895
Karastergiou, A., & Johnston, S., 2007, MNRAS, 380, 1678
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Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • ISSN: 1743-9213
  • EISSN: 1743-9221
  • URL: /core/journals/proceedings-of-the-international-astronomical-union
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