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Binaries and distances

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 February 2013

D. Pourbaix
Affiliation:
F.R.S.–FNRS, 1000 Brussels, Belgium email: pourbaix@astro.ulb.ac.be Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), CP 226, Bld. du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
F. Arenou
Affiliation:
GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, 92195 Meudon, France
J.-L. Halbwachs
Affiliation:
Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 67000 Strasbourg, France
C. Siopis
Affiliation:
Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), CP 226, Bld. du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
Corresponding
E-mail address:
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Abstract

Gaia's five-year observation baseline might naively lead to the expectation that it will be possible to fit the parallax of any sufficiently nearby object with the default five-parameter model (position at a reference epoch, parallax and proper motion). However, simulated Gaia observations of a ‘model Universe’ composed of nearly 107 objects, 50% of which turn out to be multiple stars, show that the single-star hypothesis can severely affect parallax estimation and that more sophisticated models must be adopted. In principle, screening these spurious single-star solutions is rather straightforward, for example by evaluating the quality of the fits. However, the simulated Gaia observations also reveal that some seemingly acceptable single-star solutions can nonetheless lead to erroneous distances. These solutions turn out to be binaries with an orbital period close to one year. Without auxiliary (e.g., spectroscopic) data, they will remain unnoticed.

Type
Contributed Papers
Copyright
Copyright © International Astronomical Union 2013

References

Arenou, F. 2011, in: International Workshop on Double and Multiple Stars: Dynamics, Physics, and Instrumentation (Docobo, J. A., Tamazian, V. S., & Balega, Y. Y., eds.): AIP, p. 107Google Scholar
ESA 1997, The Hipparcos and Tycho Catalogues, ESA SP-1200Google Scholar
Han, I., Black, D. C. & Gatewood, G. 2001, ApJ, 548, L57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pourbaix, D. & Jorissen, A. 2000, A&AS, 145, 161Google Scholar
Pourbaix, D., Tokovinin, A. A., Batten, A. H., et al. 2004, A&A, 424, 727Google Scholar
Szabados, L., 1997, in: Hipparcos – Venice '97 (Bonnet, R., Høg, E., Bernacca, P.L., et al., eds.), ESA SP-402, p. 657Google Scholar

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