Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Challenges and New Frontiers: National Courts as the Frontline of International Law

  • M. Margaret McKeown

Abstract

  • An abstract is not available for this content so a preview has been provided below. Please use the Get access link above for information on how to access this content.

Copyright

References

Hide All

1 Quotations reference President Bachelet's speech.

2 See Tom Standage, The Victorian Internet: The Remarkable Story of the Telegraph and the Nineteenth Century's On-Line Pioneers (1998).

3 See Number of Internet Users Worldwide, Statista.com, at http://www.statista.com/statistics/273018/number-of-internet-users-worldwide/ (last visited June 15, 2016).

4 See, e.g., Tauware, Richard, Cloud Computing, Export Controls, and Sanctions, 19(2) J. Internet L. 1 (2015).

6 Frank La Rue, Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression, Human Rights Council, U.N. Doc. A/HRC/17/27, para. 44, (May 16, 2011).

7 President Barak Obama, Remarks by President Obama to the People of Cuba (Mar. 22, 2016), at https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2016/03/22/remarks-president-obama-people-cuba.

8 President Barak Obama, Remarks by President Obama and President Raul Castro of Cuba in a Joint Press Conference (Mar. 21, 2016), at https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2016/03/21/remarks-president-obama-and-president-raul-castro-cuba-joint-press.

9 See McKay Cunningham, Diminishing Sovereignty: How European Privacy Law Became International Norm, 11 Santa Clara J. Int'l L. 421, 424 (2013).

10 Regulation EU (2016/679), On the Protection of Natural Persons with Regard to the Processing of Personal Data and on the Free Movement of such Data, 2016 O.J. (L 119) Vol. 59.

11 Google Spain SL v. Agencia Espagnola de Proteccion de Datos, CJEU, C-121/12, (May 13, 2014).

12 Bennett, Steven C., The “Right To Be Forgotten”: Reconciling EU and US Perspectives, 30 Berkeley J. Int'l L. 161, 163–68 (2012).

13 Press Release, European Commission, European Commission Launches EU-U.S. Privacy Shield: Stronger Protections for Transatlantic Data Flows (July 12, 2016), at http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-16-2461_en.htm.

14 La Ligue Contre Le Racisme Et L’Antisemitisme v. Yahoo! Inc., The County Court of Paris No. RG: 00/ 05308 (2000); Yahoo! Inc. v. La Ligue Contre Le Racisme Et L’Antisemitisme, 433 F.3d 1199 (9th Cir. 2006) (en banc).

15 Id. at 1201.

16 See, e.g., Brenner, Susan W. & Clarke, Leo L., Distributed Cybercrime, 23 Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 659 (2005); Brenner, Susan W., “At Light Speed”: Attribution and Response to Cybercrime/Terrorism/Warfare, 97 J. Crim. L. & Criminology 379 (2007).

17 Europol, Global Initiative to Combat Child Exploitation Leads to 303 Arrests (Nov. 13, 2015), at https://www.europol.europa.eu/latest_news/global-initiative-combat-child-sexual-exploitation-leads-303-arrests.

18 See Hugo Grotius, The Rights of War and Peace 201, 379 (A.C. Campbell trans., M. Walter Dunn ed., 1901); Hugo Grotius, Freedom of the Seas 47 (Ralph Van Deman Magoffin trans., James Brown Scott ed., 1916).

19 Grotius, The Rights of War and Peace, supra note 19, at 196.

20 See Freedom of Information in Latin America and the Caribbean, UNESCO, at http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/freedom-of-expression/freedom-of-information/foi-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean/ (last visited June 16, 2016); Guide to Freedom of Information Laws, The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, at http://www.icij.org/resources/2012/04/freedom-of-information (last visited June 15, 2016).

21 Rule of Law Checklist, Venice Commission, Study No. 711/2013 at 12 (Mar. 18, 2016, Strasbourg), at http://www.venice.coe.int/webforms/documents/?pdf=CDL-AD(2016)007-e.

22 Slaughter, Ann-Marie, Judicial Globalization, 40 Va. J. Int'l L. 1103 (2000).

23 Justice Robert H. Jackson, Address to the American Society of International Law (Apr. 13, 1945), available at https://www.roberthjackson.org/speech-and-writing/rule-of-law-among-nations.

24 See Guatemalan Genocide Case, The Center for Justice and Accountability, at http://cja.org/what-we-do/litigation/the-guatemala-genocide-case/ (last visited June 15, 2016).

25 Kenya Section of the International Commission of Jurists v. Attorney General and Minister of State for Provincial Administration and Internal Security and Kenyans for Justice and Development Trust, eKLR ILDC 1804 (2011).

26 The State of the Netherlands v. Hasan Nuhanovic, HR 6 September 2013, No. 12/03324.

27 Border Treaty, Re, Karin and ors v. Parliament of Latvia and Cabinet of Ministers of Latvia, No. 2007-10-0102, ILDC 884 (LV 2007), Constitutional Court (Nov. 29, 2007).

28 Justice Reform, American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative, at http://www.americanbar.org/advocacy/rule_of_law/where_we_work/latin_america_caribbean/mexico/programs.html#judicial_reform (last visited June 15, 2016); ABA Rule of Law Initiative 2016 Program Book, Our Work in Latin American and the Caribbean 88, 95– 97, at http://www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/directories/roli/misc/aba-roli-2016-program-book.authcheck-dam.pdf.

29 Armenia—Building the Capacity of the Defense Bar, American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative, at http://www.americanbar.org/advocacy/rule_of_law/where_we_work/europe_eurasia/armenia/programs.html (last visited June 15, 2016).

30 The Republic v. Anthony Zonse, Criminal Case Number 1452 of 2015 (information on file with author).

31 Lontia Mhango v. Elifala Chilowa, Domestic Violence Case No. 04 of 2015 (information on file with author).

32 ABA ROLI-trained Haitian Judge Presides over Conviction, American Bar Association, at http://www.americanbar.org/advocacy/rule_of_law/where_we_work/latin_america_caribbean/haiti/news/news-haiti-anti-aba-roli-trained-judge-presides-over-corruption-trial-0116.html (last visited June 15, 2016).

33 Women's Rights, American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative, at http://www.americanbar.org/advocacy/rule_of_law/where_we_work/africa/democratic_republic_congo/programs.html#women_rights (last visited June 15, 2016).

34 ABA Rule of Law Initiative 2016 Program Book, Strengthening Juvenile Justice, supra note 29, at 32.

35 Turkish Lawyers Trained to Provide Legal Aid and Counseling to Syrian Refugees, American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative, at http://www.americanbar.org/advocacy/rule_of_law/where_we_work/middle_east/syria/news/news-syria-legal-aid-counseling-for-refugees-0415.html (last visited June 15, 2016).

36 Philippine Lawyers Attend Training on Internet Freedom, American Bar Association, at http://www.american-bar.org/advocacy/rule_of_law/where_we_work/asia/philippines/news/news-philippines-training-on-internet-freedom-0615.html (last visited June 15, 2016).

37 ABA Rule of Law Initiative 2016 Program Book, Empowered by Anti-Discrimination Initiatives, a Hate-Crime Victim Fights Back, supra note 29, at 77.

38 Marlise Simons, Radovan Karadzic, a Bosnian Serb, is Convicted of Genocide, N.Y. Times, March 24, 2016, at A8.

* This commentary is adapted from Judge McKeown's response to the remarks of President Michelle Bachelet at the Annual American Society of International Law Meeting on March 30, 2016 in Washington, DC. This piece will also be published by the American University International Law Review. Judge McKeown thanks her law clerks, Clare Ryan (Yale, J.D. 2013) and Tatiana Sainati (Duke, J.D. 2013) for their research assistance.

Challenges and New Frontiers: National Courts as the Frontline of International Law

  • M. Margaret McKeown

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed