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Acting Together to Stop Those Who are Killing Us: International Law and the Civil Society Struggle Against Jihadist Terrorism

  • Karima Bennoune (a1)
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Abstract

Copyright

References

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* Ms. Farrior, Ms. Saghal, Ms. Abbas, and Mr. Vladeck did not contribute materials to the Proceedings.

1 See Souad Belhaddad, Algérie: Le Prix De L’oubli 1992-2005 (2005).

2 See Karima Bennoune, Algeria Twenty Years On: Words Do Not Die, Open Democracy (June 24, 2013), at http://www.opendemocracy.net/5050/karima-bennoune/algeria-twenty-years-on-words-do-not-die.

3 Le Hic, Dessins du Jour, El Watan (Apr. 6, 2015), at http://www.elwatan.com/divers/rechercheDessin.php.

4 UASU says 166 Garissa University Students are Unaccounted For, Standard Digital News (Apr. 8, 2015), at http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/article/2000157695/uasu-says-166-garissa-students-are-unaccounted-for.

5 Dennis Lubanga, Survivors of Garissa University Attack Relocated to Main Campus in Uasin Gish, Daily Nation (Apr. 6, 2015), at http://www.nation.co.ke/counties/surviving-Garissa-University-students-to-main-campus/-/1107872/2679542/-/6k5quiz/-/index.html.

6 Karima Bennoune, Your Fatwa Does Not Apply Here: Untold Stories from the Fight Against Muslim Fundamentalism (2013).

7 See. e.g., Karima Bennoune, Progressive Muslims in an Era of ISIS and Islamophobes : An Interview with Ani Zonneveld, Open Democracy (Dec. 8, 2014), at https://www.opendemocracy.net/5050/ani-zonneveld/progressive-muslims-in-world-of-isis-and-islamophobes.

8 See, e.g., Karima Bennoune, An Open Letter to Malala in Oslo: Forward Together Against Fundamentalism, The Huffington Post (Dec. 9, 2014), at http://www.huffingtonpost.com/karima-bennoune/an-open-letter-to-malala- _b_6292772.html.

10 Mahfoud Bennoune, How Fundamentalism Produced a Terrorism Without Precedent, El Watan, No. 1244 (Nov. 6, 1994), at http://www.mahfoudbennoune.com/article/how-fundamentalism-produced-a-terrorism-without-precedent/ (translated from French by Karima Bennoune).

11 Salah Chouaki, Compromise with Political Islam is Impossible, Open Democracy (Sept. 14, 2014), at https://www.opendemocracy.net/5050/salah-chouaki/compromise-with-political-islam-is-impossible (originally published by El Watan, Mar. 15, 1993; translated from French to English by Karima Bennoune).

12 Interview with Hina Jilani (Lahore, Pakistan, Dec. 1, 2010) (on file with the author).

13 See Agence France Presse-Benghazi, Libyan Human Rights Activist Salwa Bugaighis Shot Dead in Benghazi, The Guardian (June 25, 2014), at http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/26/salwa-bugaighis-libyan-shot-dead-benghazi.

14 Tucker Reals, Why Europe Should Worry About ISIS in Libya, CBS News (Feb. 23, 2015), at http://www.cbsnews.com/news/isis-in-libya-direct-threat-to-europe/.

15 See, e.g., Janine di Giovanni and Conor Gaffey, The New Exodus: Christians Flee ISIS in the Middle East, Newsweek (Mar. 26, 2015), at http://www.newsweek.com/2015/04/03/new-exodus-christians-flee-isis-middle-east-316785.html.

16 Bennoune, Karima, Remembering the Other’s Others: Theorizing the Approach of International Law to Muslim Fundamentalism, 41 Colum. Hum. Rts. L. Rev. 335398 (2010).

17 M.A. Hélie-Lucas, What is Your Tribe?: Women’s Struggles and the Construction of Muslimness, in Dossier 23/24 49, 54 (Harsh Kapoor ed., 2001), available at http://www.wluml.org/sites/wluml.org/files/import/english/pubs/pef/dossier23-24/D23-24.pdf.

18 Abbas, Sadia, Other People’s History: Contemporary Islam and Figures of Early Modern European Dissent, 6 Early Mod. Culture 49 (2007), available at http://emc.eserver.org/1-6/abbas.html .

19 The formulation “Muslim laws,” as employed by the network of Women Living Under Muslim Laws (WLUML), is more accurate because it “consciously reflects the diversity of such laws and . . . dispel[s] the myth that there is a monolithic system of . . . Islamic law.” WLUML, Knowing Our Rights: Women, Family, Laws and Custom in the Muslim World 28 (Dec. 2006).

20 Karima Bennoune, “Our Ancestors Would Have Killed All These Women”:The Meanings of Jihadist Rape, Proceedings of the First International Conference on Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict in the Middle East and North Africa, (Birmingham, England, Oct. 9-10, 2014), (forthcoming 2016).

21 Islamic State, The Revival of Slavery Before the Hour, Dabiq Magazine, Issue 4, 14-17 (Oct. 2014), available at http://media.clarionproject.org/files/islamic-state/islamic-state-isis-magazine-Issue-4-the-failed-crusade.pdf.

22 Id.

23 Organization of Women’s Freedom in Iraq, Call for Iraqi Women Victimized by ISIS (Sept. 3, 2014), at http://www.owfi.info/EN/activities/call-for-iraqi-women-victimized-by-isis/.

24 The Revival of Slavery Before the Hour, supra note 21.

25 The Rachda Association, Temps De Viols et de Terrorisme 45 (2004).

26 Your Fatwa Does Not Apply Here, supra note 6, at 175.

27 Special Rapporteur on All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief, Civil and Political Rights, Including Religious Intolerance, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/1999/58, ¶¶ 115–27 (Jan. 11, 1999).

28 Abdullahi Ahmed An-Nai’m, Towards an Islamic Reformation: Civil Liberties, Human Rights, and International Law (1990).

29 See, e.g., Letter from Columbia Law School Human Rights Clinic, to Michael Posner, Harold Hongju Koh, and David Sullivan, regarding UN concerns related to U.S. targeting operations with drone technology (Feb. 17, 2011), at http://www.law.columbia.edu/ipimages/Human_Rights_Institute/UPRTargetingColumbiaFINAL.pdf.

30 Press Release, UNAMA, Civilian Casualties in Afghanistan Rise by 22 Percent in 2014 (Feb. 18, 2015), at http://unama.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?ctl=Details&tabid=12254&mid=15756&ItemID=38578.

31 Pervez Hoodbhoy, Drones: Theirs and Ours, Open Democracy (Nov. 3, 2012), at https://www.open-democracy.net/pervez-hoodbhoy/drones-theirs-and-ours.

32 Farhat Taj, Drone Attacks – A Survey, The News Int’l (Mar. 5, 2009), at http://www.thenews.com.pk/TodaysPrintDetail.aspx?ID=165781&Cat=9&dt=3/4/2009.

33 Report of the UN Special Rapporteur on Summary, Arbitrary and Extrajudicial Executions, Christof Heyns, U.N. DOC. A/HRC/23/47, 5-22 (Apr. 9, 2013).

34 Cited in Karima Bennoune, One Week After the Charlie Hebdo Attack: Refuse to Sign Up for the Clash of Civilizations, The Huffington Post (Jan. 15, 2015), at http://www.huffingtonpost.com/karima-bennoune/one-week-after-the-charli_b_6467034.html?ir=India.

35 See Jenn Selby, Rupert Murdoch Attempts to Clarify ‘Jihadist Cancer’ Comments Following Charlie Hebdo Shootings in Paris, The Independent (Jan. 15, 2015), at http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/rupert-murdoch-attempts-to-clarify-jihadist-cancer-comments-following-charlie-hebdo-shootings-in-paris-9979662.html.

37 Obama Visits Saudi Arabia’s New King Salman, BBC News Online (Jan. 27, 2015, at http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-31001332.

38 See Ahmed Rashid, Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia 129-30 (2001).

39 See, e.g ., Egypt’s Secular Forces Condemn US Support for Muslim Brotherhood Candidate, AHRAM Online (June 23, 2012), at http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/45933/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-secular-forces-condemn-US-support-for-Musli.aspx/.

40 Interview with Ani Zonneveld, supra note 7, and http://www.mpvusa.org/.

41 Your Fatwa Does Not Apply Here, supra note 6, at 178-182.

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