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Using formative research with older adults to inform a community physical activity programme: Get Healthy, Get Active

  • George J. Sanders (a1), Brenda Roe (a2) (a3), Zoe R. Knowles (a4), Axel Kaehne (a2) and Stuart J. Fairclough (a1) (a5)...

Abstract

Aim

The purpose of this formative study was to explore current knowledge and attitudes towards physical activity, as well as perceived barriers, facilitators and opportunities for physical activity participation among older adults living in the community. The findings have subsequently informed the design, delivery and recruitment strategies of a local community physical activity intervention programme which forms part of Sport England’s national Get Healthy, Get Active initiative.

Background

There is a growing public health concern regarding the amount of time spent in sedentary and physical activity behaviours within the older adult population.

Methods

Between March and June 2016, 34 participants took part in one of six focus groups as part of a descriptive formative study. A homogenous purposive sample of 28 community dwelling white, British older adults (six male), aged 65–90 years (M=78, SD=7 years) participated in one of five focus group sessions. An additional convenience pragmatic sub-sample of six participants (three male), aged 65–90 years (M=75, SD=4 years), recruited from an assisted living retirement home participated in a sixth focus group. Questions for focus groups were structured around the PRECEDE stage of the PRECEDE–PROCEDE model of health programme design, implementation and evaluation. Questions addressed knowledge, attitudes and beliefs towards physical activity, as well as views on barriers and opportunities for physical activity participation. All data were transcribed verbatim. Thematic analysis was then conducted with outcomes represented as pen profiles.

Findings

Consistent views regarding both the potential physical and psychosocial benefits of physical activity were noted regardless of living status. The themes of, opportunities and awareness for physical activity participation, cost, transport, location and season/weather varied between participants living in an assisted living retirement home and community dwelling older adults. Further comparative research on the physical activity requirements of older adults living in assisted living versus community settings are warranted.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: George J. Sanders, Department of Sport and Physical Activity, Edge Hill University, St Helens Road, Ormskirk L39 4QP, UK. E-mail: george.sanders2@go.edgehill.ac.uk

Footnotes

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Cite this article: Sanders GJ, Roe B, Knowles ZR, Kaehne A, Fairclough SJ. (2018) Using formative research with older adults to inform a community physical activity programme: Get Healthy, Get Active. Primary Health Care Research & Development page 1 of 10. doi: 10.1017/S1463423618000373

Footnotes

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