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World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine: Psychosocial Task Force—Alert and Impact

  • Gloria R. Leon (a1), Ann Masten (a2), Patricia Frazier (a3), Abi Gewirtz (a4), John Hubbard (a5), Louis M. Najarian (a6), Shabtai Noy (a7) and Heather Mortensen (a8)...


The Stage of Alert refers to the time period leading up to a disaster or terrorism event, usually defined by warnings disseminated by the federal government about increased risk of a disaster or terrorism situation. The general consensus was the need for more accurate information from appropriate governmental agencies to the public about specific impending threats, to ensure better coping. The purpose of providing this information to the public is to avoid panic or inertia, and to encourage normal adaptive reactions. It is important for people in positions of leadership to realize that past experiences have shown that panic has not occurred if people were given accurate information about the anticipated threat and specific guidelines about what to do.


Corresponding author

Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, 75 E. River Road N438, Elliott Hall, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA
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Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
  • ISSN: 1049-023X
  • EISSN: 1945-1938
  • URL: /core/journals/prehospital-and-disaster-medicine
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