Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Improvised Purification Methods for Obtaining Individual Drinking Water Supply Under War and Extreme Shortage Conditions

  • Abdulah Kozlicic (a1), Abdulfetah Hadzic (a1) and Hrvoje Bevanda (a1)

Abstract

Background:

Supplying an adequate amount of drinking water to a population is a complex problem that becomes an extremely difficult task in war conditions. In this paper, several simple methods for obtaining individual supplies of drinking water by filtration of atmospheric water with common household items are reported.

Methods:

Samples of atmospheric water (rain and snow) were collected, filtered, and analyzed for bacteriological and chemical content. The ability of commonly available household materials (newspaper, filter paper, gauze, cotton, and white cotton cloth) to filter water from the environmental sources was compared.

Results:

According to chemical and biological analysis, the best results were obtained by filtering melted snow from the ground through white cotton cloth.

Conclusions:

Atmospheric water collected during war or in extreme shortage conditions can be purified with simple improvised filtering techniques and, if chlorinated, used as an emergency potable water source.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Principal Investigator, Disaster Reanimatology Study Group, International Resuscitation Research Center, Department of Anesthesiology/CCM, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15260USA

References

Hide All
1. Pravilnik o higijenskoj ispravnosti vode za pice. Sl list SFRJ 33/87, 1987 (Uredba sa zakonskom snagom o preuzimanju i primjenjivanju saveznih zakona koji se u Bosni i Hercegovini primjenjuju kao republicki zakon, Sl list RBiH February 1992).
2. Grcic, J, Ronko, A, Cekic, S: Potrosnja i norme potrosnje vode u sklonistima. U: Voda i narodna odbrana (Snabdijevanje vodom u ratu i drugim vanrednim prilikama). Zbornik radova sa savjetovanja; Beograd, 1974, pp 6568.
3. Andelski, A., Antic, M., Basta-Nadoski, Lj., i sar: Higijenske mjere kod snabdijevanja vodom u naseljima i poljskim uslovima, sanitarna i RBH zastita vodnih objekata. U: Savezni zavod za zdravstvenu zastitu. Zdravstvena zastita u ONO. Beograd, 1977, pp 135137.
4. Vracaric, B: Snabdijevanje vodom u vanrednim stanjima. U: sar, Savicevic i (eds), Higijena. Beograd-Zagreb: Medicinska knjiga, 1978, pp 505508.
5. Manojlovic, M: Aparati, uredaji i improvizacije za obradu i dekontaminaciju vode u ratnim i drugim vanrednim prilikama. U: Voda i narodna odbrana (Snabdijevanje vodom u ratu i drugim vanrednim prilikama). Zbornik radova sa savjetovanja. Beograd: 1974, pp 4362.
6. Rasic, T: Hlorisanje vode u ratu i vanrednim prilikama. U: Voda za pice. Prirucnik za hlorisanje i pregled. Beograd, 1980; pp 3543.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Improvised Purification Methods for Obtaining Individual Drinking Water Supply Under War and Extreme Shortage Conditions

  • Abdulah Kozlicic (a1), Abdulfetah Hadzic (a1) and Hrvoje Bevanda (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.