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Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) for Hypothermic Cardiac Deterioration: A Case Series

  • Matthew T. Niehaus (a1), Rita M. Pechulis (a2), James K. Wu (a3), Steven Frei (a1), John J. Hong (a3), Rovinder S. Sandhu (a3) and Marna Rayl Greenberg (a1)...


Accidental hypothermia can lead to untoward cardiac manifestations and arrest. This report presents a case series of severe accidental hypothermia with cardiac complications in three emergency patients who were treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and survived after re-warming. The aim of this discussion was to encourage more clinicians to consider ECMO as a re-warming therapy for severe hypothermia with circulatory collapse and to prompt discussion about decreasing the barriers to its use.

Niehaus MT , Pechulis RM , Wu JK , Frei S , Hong JJ , Sandhu RS , Greenberg MR . Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) for Hypothermic Cardiac Deterioration: A Case Series. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2016;31(5):570571.


Corresponding author

Correspondence: Marna Rayl Greenberg, DO, MPH Department of Emergency Medicine 2545 Schoenersville Rd Muhlenberg Campus LVH 5th floor EM Residency Suite Allentown, Pennsylvania USA E-mail:


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