In several Iranian provinces, there are large numbers of landmines that threaten the lives of many civilians. Ilam is one of the most polluted areas with 1,086 injuries from landmines between 1989 to 1999, with an overall mortality rate of 36.4%. A remarkable number of deaths occurred before the injured were conveyed to the hospital. In this survey, the effects of on trauma outcome of the use of prehospital trauma life support provided by t rained paramedics and ru ral health workers as first responders were examined.
In an interventional, prospective study, 4,834 persons (general physicians, nurses, rural health workers, and emergency technicians, high- and low-educated people, layperson villagers, and nomads) were trained in one level of advanced (for general physicians and nurses) and four levels of basic life support courses during two years (2000–2001). Following the training, the data from 288 landmine victims who were referred to the main hospital in Ilam (trauma center) were registered prospectively (2001–2005). The effects of prehospital trauma life support training were assessed by using the Injury Severity Scale (ISS) score and prehospital physiologic severity (PSS) score.
There were 288 injuries from landmines in the Mehran region between 2002 and 2005. The mean ISS score was 20.3 with a median of 13. Forty percent were severely injured with an ISS score >15. Of the injured who received prehospital care at the Mehran Emergency Center, the mean value of the PSS scores was 6.40, which improved to 7.43 in the hospital (p = 0.01; 95% CI for difference -0.72 to -0.45), in comparison with 5.97 in the injured who were conveyed to Ilam Hospital directly (mean of ISS was approximately equal in both groups).The total mort ality rate was 27% between 2001 and 2005.
Prehospital educations and training help improve PSS scores and reduce the death toll of landmine accidents in the remote areas.