Turner, CDA, Lockey, DJ, Rehn, M. Pre-hospital management of mass casualty civilian shootings: a systematic literature review. Crit Care. 2017;21(1):94.
Lewis, AM, Sordo, S, Weireter, LJ, et al. Mass casualty incident management preparedness: a survey of the American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma. Am Surg. 2016;82(12):1227–1231.
Silvestri, S, Field, A, Mangalat, N, et al. Comparison of START and SALT triage methodologies to reference standard definitions and to a field mass casualty simulation. Am J Disaster Med. 2017;12(1):27–33.
Jain, TN, Ragazzoni, L, Stryhn, H, Stratton, SJ, Della Corte, F. Comparison of the Sacco Triage Method versus START Triage using a virtual reality scenario in advance care paramedic students. CJEM. 2016;18(4):288–292.
Hart, A, Nammour, E, Mangolds, V, Broach, J. Intuitive versus algorithmic triage. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2018;33(4):355–361.
Arcos González, P, Castro Delgado, R, Cuartas Alvarez, T, et al. The development and features of the Spanish prehospital advanced triage method (META) for mass casualty incidents. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2016;24:63.
Curran-Sills, G, Franc, JM. A pilot study examining the speed and accuracy of triage for simulated disaster patients in an emergency department setting: comparison of a computerized version of Canadian Triage Acuity Scale (CTAS) and Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment (START) methods. CJEM. 2017;19(5):364–371.
Galvagno, SM, Massey, M, Bouzat, P, et al. Correlation between the Revised Trauma Score and Injury Severity Score: implications for prehospital trauma triage. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2019;23(2):263–270.
Sartorius, D, Le Manach, Y, David, JS, et al. Mechanism, Glasgow coma scale, age, and arterial pressure (MGAP): a new simple prehospital triage score to predict mortality in trauma patients. Crit Care Med. 2010;38(3):831–837.
Cassignol, A, Markarian, T, Cotte, J, et al. Evaluation and comparison of different prehospital triage scores of trauma patients on in-hospital mortality. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2019;23(4):543–550.
Najafi, Z, Abbaszadeh, A, Zakeri, H, Mirhaghi, A. Determination of mis-triage in trauma patients: a systematic review. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2019.
Massalou, D, Ichai, C, Mariage, D, Baqué, P. Terrorist attack in Nice - the experience of general surgeons. J Visc Surg. 2019;156(1):17–22.
Wydo, SM, Seamon, MJ, Melanson, SW, Thomas, P, Bahner, DP, Stawicki, SP. Portable ultrasound in disaster triage: a focused review. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2016;42(2):151–159.
Shokoohi, H, Pourmand, A, Boniface, K, et al. The utility of point-of-care ultrasound in targeted automobile ramming mass casualty (TARMAC) attacks. Am J Emerg Med. 2018;36(8):1467–1471.
Kost, GJ, Tran, NK, Tuntideelert, M, Kulrattanamaneeporn, S, Peungposop, N. Katrina, the tsunami, and point-of-care testing: optimizing rapid response diagnosis in disasters. Am J Clin Pathol. 2006;126(4):513–520.
Florkowski, C, Don-Wauchope, A, Gimenez, N, Rodriguez-Capote, K, Wils, J, Zemlin, A. Point-of-care testing (POCT) and evidence-based laboratory medicine (EBLM) - does it leverage any advantage in clinical decision making? Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci. 2017;54(7-8):471–494.
Léguillier, T, Jouffroy, R, Boisson, M, et al. Lactate POCT in mobile intensive care units for septic patients? A comparison of capillary blood method versus venous blood and plasma-based reference methods. Clin Biochem. 2018;55:9–14.
Lewis, CT, Naumann, DN, Crombie, N, Midwinter, MJ. Prehospital point-of-care lactate following trauma: a systematic review. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2016;81(4):748–755.
Royal-College-of-Physicians. National Early Warning Score (NEWS) 2: Standardizing the Assessment of Acute-Illness Severity in the NHS. Updated Report of a Working Party. London, United Kingdom: RCP; 2017.
Silcock, DJ, Corfield, AR, Gowens, PA, Rooney, KD. Validation of the National Early Warning Score in the prehospital setting. Resuscitation. 2015;89:31–35.
Alam, N, Vegting, IL, Houben, E, et al. Exploring the performance of the National Early Warning Score (NEWS) in a European emergency department. Resuscitation. 2015;90:111–115.
Hoikka, M, Silfvast, T, Ala-Kokko, TI. Does the prehospital National Early Warning Score predict the short-term mortality of unselected emergency patients? Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2018;26(1):48.
Gerry, S, Birks, J, Bonnici, T, Watkinson, PJ, Kirtley, S, Collins, GS. Early warning scores for detecting deterioration in adult hospital patients: a systematic review protocol. BMJ Open. 2017;7(12):e019268.
Hoikka, M, Länkimäki, S, Silfvast, T, Ala-Kokko, TI. Medical priority dispatch codes-comparison with National Early Warning Score. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2016;24(1):142.
Abbott, TEF, Cron, N, Vaid, N, Ip, D, Torrance, HDT, Emmanuel, J. Prehospital National Early Warning Score (NEWS) is associated with in-hospital mortality and critical care unit admission: a cohort study. Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2018;27:17–21.
Downey, CL, Tahir, W, Randell, R, Brown, JM, Jayne, DG. Strengths and limitations of early warning scores: a systematic review and narrative synthesis. Int J Nurs Stud. 2017;76:106–119.
Shaw, J, Fothergill, RT, Clark, S, Moore, F. Can the prehospital National Early Warning Score identify patients most at risk from subsequent deterioration? Emerg Med J. 2017;34(8):533–537.
Williams, TA, Tohira, H, Finn, J, Perkins, GD, Ho, KM. The ability of early warning scores (EWS) to detect critical illness in the prehospital setting: a systematic review. Resuscitation. 2016;102:35–43.
Skitch, S, Tam, B, Xu, M, McInnis, L, Vu, A, Fox-Robichaud, A. Examining the utility of the Hamilton early warning scores (HEWS) at triage: retrospective pilot study in a Canadian emergency department. CJEM. 2018;20(2):266–274.
Kievlan, DR, Martin-Gill, C, Kahn, JM, et al. External validation of a prehospital risk score for critical illness. Crit Care. 2016;20(1):255.
Churpek, MM, Yuen, TC, Winslow, C, et al. Multicenter development and validation of a risk stratification tool for ward patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014;190(6):649–655.
Myint, PK, Sheng, S, Xian, Y, et al. Shock Index predicts patient-related clinical outcomes in stroke. J Am Heart Assoc. 2018;7(18):e007581.
Pottecher, J, Ageron, FX, Fauché, C, et al. Prehospital shock index and pulse pressure/heart rate ratio to predict massive transfusion after severe trauma: retrospective analysis of a large regional trauma database. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2016;81(4):713–722.
Köksal, Ö, Torun, G, Ahun, E, Sığırlı, D, Güney, SB, Aydın, MO. The comparison of modified early warning score and Glasgow coma scale-age-systolic blood pressure scores in the assessment of nontraumatic critical patients in emergency department. Niger J Clin Pract. 2016;19(6):761–765.
Baghi, I, Shokrgozar, L, Herfatkar, MR, Nezhad Ehsan, K, Mohtasham Amiri, Z. Mechanism of injury, Glasgow Coma Scale, age, and systolic blood pressure: a new trauma scoring system to predict mortality in trauma patients. Trauma Mon. 2015;20(3):e2447.
Jeong, JH, Park, YJ, Kim, DH, et al. The new trauma score (NTS): a modification of the revised trauma score for better trauma mortality prediction. BMC Surg. 2017;17(1):77.
Manoochehry, S, Vafabin, M, Bitaraf, S, Amiri, A. A comparison between the ability of Revised Trauma Score and Kampala Trauma Score in predicting mortality; a meta-analysis. Arch Acad Emerg Med. 2019;7(1):e6.
Patel, R, Nugawela, MD, Edwards, HB, et al. Can early warning scores identify deteriorating patients in pre-hospital settings? A systematic review. Resuscitation. 2018;132:101–111.
Alam, N, Hobbelink, EL, van Tienhoven, AJ, van de Ven, PM, Jansma, EP, Nanayakkara, PWB. The impact of the use of the Early Warning Score (EWS) on patient outcomes: a systematic review. Resuscitation. 2014;85(5):587–594.
van Rein, EAJ, Houwert, RM, Gunning, AC, Lichtveld, RA, Leenen, LPH, van Heijl, M. Accuracy of prehospital triage protocols in selecting severely injured patients: a systematic review. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017;83(2):328–339.
Parikh, PP, Parikh, P, Guthrie, B, et al. Impact of triage guidelines on prehospital triage: comparison of guidelines with a statistical model. J Surg Res. 2017;220:255–260.
van Rein, EAJ, van der Sluijs, R, Houwert, RM, et al. Effectiveness of prehospital trauma triage systems in selecting severely injured patients: is comparative analysis possible? Am J Emerg Med. 2018;36(6):1060–1069.
van Rein, EAJ, van der Sluijs, R, Raaijmaakers, AMR, Leenen, LPH, van Heijl, M. Compliance to prehospital trauma triage protocols worldwide: a systematic review. Injury. 2018;49(8):1373–1380.
Strnad, M, Lesjak, VB, Vujanović, V, Pelcl, T, Križmarić, M. Predictors of mortality and prehospital monitoring limitations in blunt trauma patients. Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:98340.
Ebker-White, A, Bein, KJ, Dinh, MM. Extending the Sydney Triage to Admission Risk Tool (START+) to predict discharges and short stay admissions. Emerg Med J. 2108;35(8):471–476.