Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-559fc8cf4f-28jzs Total loading time: 0.441 Render date: 2021-02-27T22:38:44.987Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Collaboration between Civilian and Military Healthcare Professionals: A Better Way for Planning, Preparing, and Responding to All Hazard Domestic Events

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 June 2012

LeRoy A. Marklund
Affiliation:
Faculty, Chemical Casualty Care Division, US Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, USA
Adrienne M. Graham
Affiliation:
Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) Participant, Chemical Casualty Care Division, US Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, USA
Patricia G. Morton
Affiliation:
Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Charles G. Hurst
Affiliation:
Chief, Chemical Casualty Care Division, US Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, USA
Ivette Motola
Affiliation:
Director, Division of Prehospital and Emergency Healthcare, The Gordon Center for Research in Medical Education, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA
Donald W. Robinson
Affiliation:
Director, Patient Safety Program, Department of Defense, Washington, DC, USA
Vivian A. Kelley
Affiliation:
Retired, US Army Nurse Corps Officer, USA
Kimberly J. Elenberg
Affiliation:
Director, Education and Training for the Office of Force Readiness and Development, Office of the Surgeon General, US Public Health Services, Rockville, Maryland, USA
Michael F. Russler
Affiliation:
Director, Department of Nursing, California State University, Fresno, Fresno, California, USA
Daniel E. Boehm
Affiliation:
Faculty, Chemical Casualty Care Division, US Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, USA
Dawn M. Higgins
Affiliation:
US Air Force, Emergency Services Nurse, Willford Hall Medical Center, Lackland Air Force Base, Texas, USA
Patrick E. McAndrew
Affiliation:
Faculty, US Army Trauma Training Center, Miami, Florida, USA
Hope M. Williamson
Affiliation:
Faculty, US Army Trauma Training Center, Miami, Florida, USA
Rodney D. Atwood
Affiliation:
Faculty, US Army Trauma Training Center, Miami, Florida, USA
Kermit D. Huebner
Affiliation:
Director, Research and Scholarly Activities, Department of Emergency Medicine, Carl R. Darnall Army Medical Center, Fort Hood, Texas; Emergency Medicine Physician, Task Force 28th Combat Support Hospital (Airborne), Sather Airbase, Baghdad, Iraq
Angel A. Brotons
Affiliation:
Associate Director of Operations and Instructor Development, The Gordon Center for Research in Medical Education, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA
Geoffrey T. Miller
Affiliation:
Associate Director of Research and Curriculum Development, The Gordon Center for Research in Medical Education, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA
Laukton Y. Rimpel
Affiliation:
Faculty, Chemical Casualty Care Division, US Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, USA
Larry L. Harris
Affiliation:
Faculty, Chemical Casualty Care Division, US Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, USA
Manuel Santiago
Affiliation:
Retired US Navy Nurse Corps Officer; Clinical Nurse Specialist, Department of Surgery, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
LeRoy Cantrell
Affiliation:
Educator, Defense Medical Readiness Training Institute, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
Corresponding

Abstract

Collaboration is used by the US National Security Council as a means to integrate inter-federal government agencies during planning and execution of common goals towards unified, national security. The concept of collaboration has benefits in the healthcare system by building trust, sharing resources, and reducing costs. The current terrorist threats have made collaborative medical training between military and civilian agencies crucial.

This review summarizes the long and rich history of collaboration between civilians and the military in various countries and provides support for the continuation and improvement of collaborative efforts. Through collaboration, advances in the treatment of injuries have been realized, deaths have been reduced, and significant strides in the betterment of the Emergency Medical System have been achieved. This review promotes collaborative medical training between military and civilian medical professionals and provides recommendations for the future based on medical collaboration.

Type
Comprehensive Review
Copyright
Copyright © World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine 2010

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

1.DOJ: Collaboration, coordination, and community participation = resolution. US Department of Justice 2009. Available at http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ccdo/ws/collaboration.pdf. Accessed 14 November 2009.Google Scholar
2.Barron, B: Achieving coordination in collaborative problem-solving groups. The Journal of the Learning Sciences 2000;9(4):403436.Google Scholar
3.The White House National Security Council: Executive Office of the President September 29, 2009. Available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/nsc/. Accessed 09 October 2009.Google Scholar
4.Kelleher, P: Crossing boundaries: Interagency cooperation in the military. Joint Forces Quarterly 2002;32:104110.Google Scholar
5.JP 1: Doctrine for the armed forces of the United States. Joint Publication 1. May 2, 2007 Incorporating Change March 20, 2009. Washington, DC: Joint Chief of Staff.Google Scholar
6.JP 3-26: Homeland security. Joint Publication 3-26. August 2, 2005. Washington, DC: Joint Chiefs of Staff.Google Scholar
7.JP 3-28: Civil support. Joint Publication 3-28. September 14, 2007. Washington, DC: Joint Chief of Staff.Google Scholar
8.Waugh, W: The all hazards approach must be continued. Journal of Emergency Management 2009;2(1):1112. (Letter)Google Scholar
9.Dancs, A: Terrorism or all hazards? Broadening homeland security. Security Policy Working Group, A Project of the Proteus Fund 2007. Available at http://www.proteusfund.org/files/pdfs/Terrorism%20Or%20All-Hazards.pdf. Accessed 23 October 2009.Google Scholar
10.WHO: The International Disaster database: Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED). Available at http://www.emdat.be/result-disaster-profiles?period=1900%242009&disgroup=group&dis_type=%27Storm%27%24Meteorological&Submit=Display+Disaster+Profile#top10lists. Accessed 22 October 2009.Google Scholar
11.Burby, R: Hurricane Katrina and the paradoxes of government disaster policy: bringing about wise government decisions for hazardous areas. The Annuals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 2006;604(1):171191.Google Scholar
12.Gaydos, J, Luz, G: Military participation in emergency humanitarian assistance. Disaster 2007;18(1):4857.Google Scholar
13.King, D, Patel, M, Feinstein, A, Earle, S, Topp, R, Proctor, K: Simulation training for a mass casualty incident: Two year experience at the army trauma training center. J Trauma 2006;61(4):943948.Google Scholar
14.Schreiber, M, Holcomb, J, Conaway, C, Campbell, K, Wall, M, Mattox, K: Military trauma training performed in a civilian trauma center. Journal of Surgery Residence 2002;104:814.Google Scholar
15.Knuth, T: The peacetime trauma experience of U.S. Army surgeons: Another call for collaborative training in civilian trauma centers. Mil Med 1996;161:137142.Google Scholar
16.Lateef, F, Mimbkar, N: Ambulances: From antiquity to modern times. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 2005;12(4):261265.Google Scholar
17.Efstathis, V: A history of first aid and its role in armed forces. Australian Defense Force Health 1999;1:4244.Google Scholar
18.Brewer, L: Baron Dominique Jean Larrey (1766-1842): Father of modern military surgery, innovator, and humanist. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1986;92:10961098.Google Scholar
19.Bohman, H, Stevens, R, Baker, B, Chambers, L: The U.S. Navy's forward resuscitative surgery system during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Mil Med 2005;170(4):297301.Google Scholar
20.Demetriades, D, Chan, L, Cornwell, E, Belzberg, H, Berne, T, Asensio, J, Chan, D, Echstein, M, Alo, D: Paramedic versus private transportation of trauma patients: Effect on outcome. Arch Surg 1996;131:133138.Google Scholar
21.Meier, D, Samper, E: Evolution of civil aeromedical helicopter aviation. South Med J 1989;82(7):885891.Google Scholar
22.Barkley, K: The Ambulance. Hicksville, NY: Exposition Press 1990.Google Scholar
23.Crumplin, M: The Myles Gibson military lecture: surgery in the Napoleonic wars. J R Coll Surg Edinb 2002;47(3):566578.Google Scholar
24.Gebbie, K, Qureshi, K: A historical challenge: nurses and emergencies. Online J Issues Nurs 2006;11(2):2.Google Scholar
25.Lam, D: Marie Marvingt and the development of aeromedical evacuation. Aviat Space Environ Med 2003;74(8):863868.Google Scholar
26.Guilford, F, Soboroff, B: Air evacuation: An historical review. J Aviat Med 1947;18:601603.Google Scholar
27.Ford, B: Voices of our past flight nurse training in World War II. Air Med J 2004;23(5):1823.Google Scholar
28.Sheehy, S: US military nurses in wartime: Reluctant heroes, always there. J Emerg Nurs 2007;33(6):555563.Google Scholar
29.Marcus, L, Dorn, B, Henderson, J: Meta-leadership and national emergency preparedness: A model to build government connectivity. Biosecur Bioterror 2006;4(2):128134.Google Scholar
30.Parker, G (ed): The World at War. In: Cambridge Illustrated History: Warfare. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005, pp 320339.Google Scholar
31.Bricker, E: Colonel Robert, M. Zollinger in World War II. Am J Surg 1986;151:659665.Google Scholar
32.Menning, B: Operational art's origin. Mil Rev 1997;3247.Google Scholar
33.Beecher, H: Preparation of battle casualties for surgery. Ann Surg 1945;121:769792.Google Scholar
34.Cho, J, Jatoi, I, Alarcon, A, Morton, T, King, B, Hermann, J: Operation Iraqi Freedom: surgical experience of the 212th mobile army surgical hospital. Mil Med 2005;170(4):268272.Google Scholar
35.Rush, R, Stockmaster, N, Stinger, H, et al: Supporting the gloabal war on terror: A tale of two campaigns featuring the 250th forward surgical team (Airborne). Am J Surg 2005;189:564570.Google Scholar
36.Place, R, Rush, R, Arrington, E: Forward surgical team (FST) workload in a special operations environment: The 250th FST in operation enduring freedom. Curr Surg 2003;60(4):418422.Google Scholar
37.DOA: Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Team Operations. Field Manual 3-11.22. Washington, DC: Department of the Army, 2007.Google Scholar
38.DMAT: Your link to information on US disaster medical assistance teams. U.S. Disaster Medical Teams, 2009. Available at http://www.dmat.org/. Accessed on 28 October 2009.Google Scholar
39.Zollinger, R: Traffic injuries: A surgical problem. Arch Surg 1955;70:694700.Google Scholar
40.Heckbert, S, Vedder, N, Hoffman, W, Winn, R, Hudson, L, Jurkovich, G, Copass, M, Harlan, J, Rice, C, Maier, R: Outcome after hemorrhagic shock in trauma patients. J Trauma 1998;45(3):545549.Google Scholar
41.Potoka, D, Schall, L, Gardner, M, Stafford, P, Peitzman, A, Ford, H: Impact of pediatric trauma centers on mortality in a statewide system. Journal of Trauma Injury Infections & Critical Care 2000;49(2):237245.Google Scholar
43.Allen, J: Humanity on humanitarian operations: How much violence is enough? MaR Corps Gaz 1995;79(2):1421.Google Scholar
44.Bellamy, R: How we train for combat casualty care? Mil Med 1987;152:617621.Google Scholar
45.Oxfam International: Lessons in disaster management. Humanitarian Field Studies Tsunami Response, December 2008. Available at http://www.oxfamamerica.org/newsandpublications/publications/research_reports/lessons-in-disaster-management/Tsunami-Disas-Mgmt-links.pdf. Accessed 28 May 2009.Google Scholar
46.EE 06-01: Military support in humanitarian assistance disaster relief: Assessment report insights and observations. Emerald Express 06-01 February 14-15, 2005, pp 1-23. Quantico, VA: Small Wars Center of Excellence.Google Scholar
47.International Committee of the Red Cross: Weapons and health. Available at http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/html/section_weapons_and_health. Accessed 29 December 2008.Google Scholar
48.CDC: Explosions and blast injuries: A primer of clinicians. Available at http://www.bt.cdc.gov/masscasualties/explosions.asp. Accessed 29 December 2008.Google Scholar
49.Bowyer, G: Management of small fragment wounds: Experience from the Afghan border. J Trauma 1996;40(3):s170–s172.Google Scholar
50.Garrett, T, Sobel, R: The political economy of FEMA disaster payments: Working paper. Available at http://www.research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2002/2002-012.pdf. Accessed 23 October 2009.Google Scholar
51.HHS: Legal authority for implementation of a federal public health and medical services response. Available at http://www.hhs.gov/disasters/discussion/planners/legalauthority.html#bri. Accessed 23 October 2009.Google Scholar
52.FEMA: Emergency Support Function Annexes, January 2008. Available at http://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/nrf-esf-intro.pdf. Accessed 23 December 2009.Google Scholar
53.Miller, K: What are the seven uniformed services of the United States, 2010. Available at http://www.helium.com/items/437994-what-are-the-seven-uniformed-services-of-the-united-states. Accessed 04 January 2010.Google Scholar
54.White, J: Gates sees terrorism remaining enemy No. 1: New defense strategy shifts focus from conventional warfare. Available at http://www.washington-post.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/07/30/AR2008073003240.html. Accessed 01 January 2009.Google Scholar
55.Meinhart, R: Strategic planning by the Chairmen, Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1990 to 2005. Available at http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?PubID=703. Accessed 09 January 2009.Google Scholar
56.Joint Chiefs of Staff: A strategy for today; A vision for tomorrow. The National Military Strategy of the United States of America Unclassified Version 2004. Washington, DC: Office of the Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff.Google Scholar
57.Davis, L, Rough, J, Cecchine, G, Gereben-Schaefer, A, Zeman, L: Hurricane Katrina: Lessons for Army Planning and Operations 2007. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation.Google Scholar
58.HHS: National Disaster Medical System (NDMS). Available at http://www.hhs.gov/aspr/opeo/ndms/index.html. Accessed 26 October 2009.Google Scholar
59.Parascandola, J: Militarization of the PHS commissioned corps. Available at http://www.lhncbc.nlm.nih.gov/apdb/phsHistory/resources/military/military.html. Accessed 23 December 2009.Google Scholar
60.The White House: National Strategy for Combating Terrorism September 5, 2006. Available at http://www.fas.org/irp/threat/nsct2006.pdf. Accessed 17 November 2009.Google Scholar
61.Perl, R: National strategy for combating terrorism: Background and issues for Congress. Available at http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/terror/RL34230.pdf. Accessed 17 November 2009.Google Scholar
62.WHO: Welcome. The International Disaster Database. Available at http://www.emdat.be/natural-disasters-trends. Accessed 24 November 2009.Google Scholar
63.Disastersrus.org: Talking about disasters: Guide for standard messages. Available at http://www.disastersrus.org/MyDisasters/talking/talking_about_disasters.htm. Accessed 24 October 2009.Google Scholar
64.Stackhouse, A: Disaster management: private lessons for the public sector. Available at http://www.scmr.com/article/330467-Disaster_Management_Private_Lessons_for_the_Public_Sector.php. Accessed 22 October 2009.Google Scholar
65.Baylor University: Army Baylor graduate program in health and business administration. Available at http://www.baylor.edu/graduate/mha/index.php?id=33486. Accessed 10 October 2009.Google Scholar
66.University of Maryland, Baltimore: Program partners with Army Nurse Corps. Available at http://www.oea.umaryland.edu/communications/news/inthenews/index.html?month=11&year=2007. Accessed 15 November 2009.Google Scholar
67.Stanford University: Program in disaster management education. Available at http://disastermanagement.stanford.edu/. Accessed 24 October 2009.Google Scholar
68.Young, C: U.S. department of the air force awards Wright state university $2.7 million. Available at http://www.wright.edu/cgi-bin/cm/news.cgi?action=news_item&id=1587. Accessed 15 December 2009.Google Scholar
69.Moore, E, Knudson, M, Schwab, W, Trunkey, D, Johannigman, J, Holcomb, J: Military civilian collaboration in trauma care and the senior visiting surgeon program. N Engl J Med 2009;357(26):27232727.Google Scholar
70.GAO: National Science Foundation: External assignments under the intergovern-mental personnel act's mobility program. GAO-01-1016. Available at http://stinet.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=A395681&Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf. Accessed 15 October 2009.Google Scholar
71.Grau, L, Jorgensen, W: Handling the wounded in a counter guerrilla war: the Soviet/Russian experience in Afghanistan and Chechnya. Army Med Dep J 1998;(PB 8-98-1/2):210.Google Scholar
72.Mohammadi, K: The chemical victims of Iran: the forgotten casualties of the Iran-Iraq war. Available at http://www.campaigniran.org/casmii/index.php?q=node/623. Accessed 01 January 2009.Google Scholar
73.Kauvar, D, Wolf, S, Wade, L, Cancio, E, Renz, E, Holcomb, J: Burns sustained in combat explosions in Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF explosions). Burns 2006;32(7):853857.Google Scholar
74.Montgomery, S, Swiecki, C, Shriver, C: The evaluation of casualties from Operation Iraqi Freedom on return to the continental United States from March to June 2003. J Am Coll Surg 2005;201(1):712.Google Scholar
75.Peoples, G, Gerlinger, T, Budinich, C, Burlingame, B: The most frequently requested precombat refresher training by the Special Forces medics during operation enduring freedom. Mil Med 2005;170(1):3137.Google Scholar
76.Miller, G, Gordon, D, Issenberg, S, LaCombe, D, Brotons, A: Team work. University of Miami uses competition to sharpen EMS team performance. JEMS 2001;26(12):4451.Google Scholar
77.Gofrit, O, Leibovici, D, Shemer, J, Henig, A, Shapira, S: The efficacy of integrating “smart simulated casualties” in hospital disaster drills. Prehosp Disaster Med 1997;12(3):2630.Google Scholar
78.Butler, F, Hagmann, J: Tactical combat casualty care in special operations. Mil Med 1996;161(Supplement 3):316.Google Scholar
79.Disch, R: Editorial: Collaboration is in the eye of the beholder. Journal on Quality Improvement 2002;28(5):233234.Google Scholar
80.DOS: US Defense Institute for Medical Operations conducts training on disaster response and trauma system management. Available at http://mauritius.usembassy.gov/pr_05192007.html. Accessed 25 October 2009.Google Scholar
81.University of Miami: About Miami CPHP. Available at http://www.deep.med.miami.edu/196.xml. Accessed 24 October 2009.Google Scholar
82.SCAHEC: Disaster preparedness and response training network. Available at http://www.scahec.net/prepares/. Accessed 24 October 2009.Google Scholar
83.Butler, F: Tactical medicine training for SEAL mission commanders. Mil Med 2001;166(7):625631.Google Scholar
84.American College of Surgeons: Advanced Trauma Life Support for Doctors. 7th ed. Chicago, IL: American College of Surgeons, 2004.Google Scholar
85.Heydorn, W: Basic and advanced combat casualty care: A military problem. Mil Med 1990;155:229231.Google Scholar
86.Dane, F, Russell-Lindgren, K, Parish, D, et al: In hospital resuscitation: association between ACLS training and survival to discharge. Resuscitation 2000;47(1):8387.Google Scholar
87.Collicott, P: Advanced trauma life support (ATLS): Past, present, future 16th stone lecture, American trauma society. J Trauma 1992;33(5):749753.Google Scholar
88.Emergency Nurses Association: Trauma Nursing Core Course: Provider Manual. 6th ed. Des Plaines, IL: Emergency Nurses Association, 2007.Google Scholar
89.Hawkins, H (ed.): In: Emergency Nursing Pediatric Course Provider Manual. (3rd ed). Des Plaines, IL: Emergency Nurses Association, 2004.Google Scholar
90.Wofford, M, Frakes, M, Mayberry, R (eds): In: Transport Nurse Advanced Trauma Course (4th ed). Greenwood Village, CO: Air & Surface Transport Nurses Association, 2006.Google Scholar
91.Salomone, J, Pons, P (Eds.): In: Military Edition Pre-Hospital Trauma Life Support: Provider Manual. (6th ed.). St Louis: Elsevier, 2007.Google Scholar
92.ITLS: ITLS education. Accessed 24 June 2009.Google Scholar
93.Baker, M: Advanced trauma life support: Is it adequate stand alone training for military medicine? Mil Med 1994;159(9):587590.Google Scholar
94.Wiedemann, J, Jennings, S: Applying ATLS to the gulf war. Mil Med 1993;158:121126.Google Scholar
95.Defense Medical Readiness Training Institute: Forward as one. Available at http://www.dmrti.army.mil/. Accessed 29 January 2009.Google Scholar
96.Holcomb, J, Stansbury, L, Champion, H, Wade, C, Bellamy, R: Understanding combat casualty care statistics. J Trauma 2006;60:397401.Google Scholar
97.Gawande, A: Casualties of war: military care for the wounded from Iraq and Afghanistan. N Engl J Med 2004;351:24712475.Google Scholar
98.De Lorenzo, R: Medic for the millennium: The US Army 91W health care specialist. Mil Med 2001;166(8):685688.Google Scholar
99.Ferguson, E: The rescue season: The heroic story of parajumpers on the edge of the world. Book Reviews. Aviat Space Environ Med 2003;74(7):788–788.Google Scholar
100.Drury, B: The Rescue Season: The Heroic Story of Parajumpers on the Edge of the World. New York: Simon & Shuster, 2001.Google Scholar
101.Pappas, C: The ranger medic. Mil Med 2001;166(5):394400.Google Scholar
102.Schmidt, D: Special operations medicine: A federal law enforcement pespective. J Spec Oper Med 2007;7(3):3132.Google Scholar
103.Hammesfahr, R, Johnson, T, Hesse, B, Bledsoe, B: The advanced tactical practitioner: meeting the needs of United States special operations missions. Available at http://www.jems.com/news_and_articles/articles/advanced_tactical_practitioner.html. Accessed 24 September 2009.Google Scholar
104.Moore, E, Knudson, M, Schwab, W, Trunkey, D, Johannigman, J, Holcomb, J: Military civilian collaboration in trauma care and the senior visiting surgeon program. N Engl J Med 2007;357(26):27232727.Google Scholar
105.McLeod, B: Ben Taub receives level 1 trauma from ACS. Texas Medical Center News 2000;22(14).Google Scholar
106.Bruce, S, Bridges, E, Holcomb, J: Preparing to respond Joint Trauma Training Center and USAF nursing warskills simulation laboratory. Crit Care Nurs North Am 2003;15:149162.Google Scholar
107.Place, R, Porter, C, Azarow, K, Beitler, A: Trauma experience comparison of Army forward surgical team surgeons at Ben Taub Hospital and Madigan Army Medical Center. Curr Surg 2001;58(1):9093.Google Scholar
108.Johannigman, J: Disaster preparedness: it is all about me. Crit Care Med 2005;33(1):s22–s28.Google Scholar
109.Horton, R: Trauma Training: high tech and hands on. Available at http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=4954&page=2. Accessed 29 January 2009.Google Scholar
110.Schreiber, M, Zink, K, Underwood, S, Sullenberger, L, Kelly, M, & Holcomb, J: A comparison between patients treated at a combat support hospital in Iraq and a level I trauma center in the United States. The Journal of Trauma Injury, Infections, and Critical Car e 2008;64(Suppl 2):s118–s122Google Scholar
111.Pueschel, M: Maryland trauma center provides training for deploying USAF docs. Available at http://www.usmedicine.com/dailyNews.cfm?dailyID=340. Accessed 01 January 2009.Google Scholar
112.USAF: The Home of Readiness Skill Verification Program. Air Force Expeditionary Medical Skills Institute 2009. [Brochure]. USAFSAM/ETS.Google Scholar
113.Alvoet, P: Personal communication, 15 September 2009.Google Scholar
114.Scally, R: Los Angeles provides the battleground for navy trauma training. Available at http://www.nursezone.com/nursing-news-events/more-features.aspx?ID=10301. Accessed 01 January 2009.Google Scholar
115.Pueschel, M: Navy corpsmen training enhanced. Available at http://www.usmedicine.com/article.cfm?articleID=1070&issueID=73. Accessed 29 January 2009.Google Scholar
116.Henry, D: Navy medical trauma training pays off in Persian Gulf. Available at http://www.news.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=15649. Accessed 29 January 2009.Google Scholar
117.US Navy: Navy trauma training center (NTTC). Available at http://www.med.navy.mil/sites/navmedmpte/nomi/nttc-la/Pages/default.aspx. Accessed 02 October 2009.Google Scholar
118.Beekley, A: United States military surgical response to modern large-scale conflicts: the ongoing evolution of a trauma system. Surg Clin North Am 2006;86(3):689709.Google Scholar
119.Blyer, J: (December 6, 2005). Battlefield medics shaped in civilian setting. Available at http://www.nytimes.com/2005/12/06/nyregion/06medics.html?_r=1. Accessed 01 October 2009.Google Scholar
120.De Lorenzo, R: How shall we train? Mil Med 2005;170(10):824830.Google Scholar
121.JHS: Jackson Memorial Hospital: One of America's finest medical facilities. Available at http://www.jhsmiami.org/body.cfm?id=7. Accessed 24 November 2009.Google Scholar
122.Department of Defense: Team STEPPS frequently asked questions. Available at http://dodpatientsafety.usuhs.mil/index.php?name=News&file=article&sid=43#Q1. Accessed 12 January 2009.Google Scholar
123.CBS4: Paramedics put skills to the test at UM: paramedics from 14 fire departments competed. Available at http://cbs4.com/local/paramedics.competition.um.2.729665.html. Accessed 10 January 2009.Google Scholar
124.The White House: Lessons Learned. The Federal Response to Hurricane Katrina, February 2006. Washington, DC: The White HouseGoogle Scholar
125.Romano, J, Hurst, C, Newmark, J: Supporting homeland defense: Training for chemical casualty management. Army Med Dep J 2002; PB8-02-4/5/6, 2002, pp 4652.Google Scholar
126.University of Miami: The Michael S. Gordon Center for Research in Medical Education, 2009. Available at http://www.gcrme.med.miami.edu. Accessed 12 December 2009.Google Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 54 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 27th February 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Collaboration between Civilian and Military Healthcare Professionals: A Better Way for Planning, Preparing, and Responding to All Hazard Domestic Events
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Collaboration between Civilian and Military Healthcare Professionals: A Better Way for Planning, Preparing, and Responding to All Hazard Domestic Events
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Collaboration between Civilian and Military Healthcare Professionals: A Better Way for Planning, Preparing, and Responding to All Hazard Domestic Events
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *