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Crystal structure of atropine sulfate monohydrate, (C17H24NO3)2(SO4)·(H2O)

  • James A. Kaduk (a1) (a2), Amy M. Gindhart (a3) and Thomas N. Blanton (a3)

Abstract

The crystal structure of atropine sulfate monohydrate has been solved and refined using synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction data and optimized using density functional techniques. Atropine sulfate monohydrate crystallizes in space group P21/n (#14) with a = 19.2948(5), b = 6.9749(2), c = 26.9036(5) Å, β = 94.215(2)°, V = 3610.86(9) Å3, and Z = 4. Each of the two independent protonated nitrogen atoms participates in a strong hydrogen bond to the sulfate anion. Each of the two independent hydroxyl groups acts as a donor in a hydrogen bond to the sulfate anion, but only one of the water molecule hydrogen atoms acts as a hydrogen bond donor to the sulfate anion. The hydrogen bonds are all discrete but link the cations, anion, and water molecule along [101]. Although atropine and hyoscyamine (atropine is racemic hyoscyamine) crystal structures share some features, such as hydrogen bonding and phenyl–phenyl packing, the powder patterns show that the structures are very different. The powder pattern for atropine sulfate monohydrate has been submitted to ICDD for inclusion in the Powder Diffraction File™.

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a)Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. Electronic mail: kaduk@polycrystallography.com

References

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