Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Life of Brian Revisited: Assessing Informational and Non-Informational Leadership Tools*

  • Alexander Baturo (a1) and Slava Mikhaylov (a2)

Abstract

Recent literature models leadership as a process of communication in which leaders’ rhetorical signals facilitate followers’ co-ordination. While some studies have explored the effects of leadership in experimental settings, there remains a lack of empirical research on the effectiveness of informational tools in real political environments. Using quantitative text analysis of federal and sub-national legislative addresses in Russia, this article empirically demonstrates that followers react to informational signals from leaders. It further theorizes that leaders use a combination of informational and non-informational tools to solve the co-ordination problem. The findings show that a mixture of informational and non-informational tools shapes followers’ strategic calculi. Ignoring non-informational tools—and particularly the interrelationship between informational and non-informational tools—can threaten the internal validity of causal inference in the analysis of leadership effects on co-ordination.

Copyright

Footnotes

Hide All
*

Alexander Baturo is Lecturer in International Relations, School of Law and Government, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland (alex.baturo@dcu.ie). Slava Mikhaylov is Lecturer in Research Methods, Department of Political Science, University College London, The Rubin Building, 29/30 Tavistock Square, London WC1 H 9QU, United Kingdom (s.mikhaylov@ucl.ac.uk). We would like to thank Jeffrey Kucik, Francesco Cavatorta, Iain McMenamin, David Doyle, Dinissa Duvanova and participants of the UCL Political Science Departmental Seminar Series for invaluable comments at various stages of this project. An online appendix is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/psrm.2013.3.

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Abrevaya, JasonHausman, Jerry. 2004. ‘Response error in a transformation model with an application to earnings equation estimation’. Econometrics Journal 7:366388.
Ahlquist, JohnLevi, Margaret. 2011. ‘Leadership: What It Means, What It Does, and What We Want to Know About It’. Annual Review of Political Science 14:124.
Arriola, Leonardo. 2009. ‘Patronage and Political Stability in Africa’. Comparative Political Studies 42(10):13391362.
Bass, Bernard M.Stogdill, Ralph M.. 1990. Bass & Stogdill's Handbook of Leadership: Theory, Research, and Managerial Applications, 3rd edition. Free Press: New York.
Baturo, Alexander, Mikhaylov., Slava 2012. Reading the Tea Leaves: Medvedev's Presidency Through The Political Rhetoric of Federal and Sub-national Actors. Paper presented at TCD Political Science Seminar Series, Dublin, 12 October.
Baturo, Alexander. forthcoming. Democracy, Dictatorship, and Term Limits, Ann Arbor, MI: Michigan University Press.
Benoit, KennethLaver, Michael. 2008. ‘Compared to What? A Comment on “A Robust Transformation Procedure for Interpreting Political Text” by Martin and Vanberg’. Political Analysis 16:101111.
Bolton, PatrickBrunnermeier, Markus. 2010. ‘Economists’ Perspectives on Leadership’. In Handbook of Leadership Theory and Practice, edited by Nitin Nohria and Raksesh Khurana, 239264. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
Bolton, Patrick, Brunnermeier, MarkusVeldkamp, Laura. 2013. ‘Leadership, Coordination and Corporate Culture’. Review of Economic Studies forthcoming.
Breslauer, George. 1982. ‘Khrushchev and Brezhnev as Leaders: Building Authority in Soviet Politics’. New York: Harper Collins.
Bueno de Mesquita, Bruce, Smith, Alastair, Siverson, RandolphMorrow, James. 2003. The Logic of Political Survival. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Burnkrant, Robert. 1976. ‘A Motivational Model of Information Processing Intensity’. Journal of Consumer Research 3(1):2130.
Canes-Wrone, Brandice. 2001. ‘The President's Legislative Influence from Public Appeal’. American Journal of Political Science 45:313329.
Carroll, Raymond, Ruppert, David, Stefanski, Leonard A.Crainiceanu, Ciprian M.. 2006. Measurement Error in Non-linear Models: A Modern Perspective. Boca Raton: Chapman and Hall.
Celsi, RichardOlson, Jerry. 1988. ‘The Role of Involvement in Attention and Comprehension Processes’. Journal of Consumer Research 15(2):210224.
Cox, GaryMcCubbins, Mathew. 1993. Legislative Leviathan: Party Government in the House. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Dewan, TorunMyatt, David. 2007. ‘Leading the Party: Coordination, Direction and Communication’. American Political Science Review 101(4):825843.
Dewan, TorunMyatt, David. 2008. ‘The Qualities of Leadership: Direction, Communication, and Obfuscation’. American Political Science Review 102(3):351368.
Dewan, TorunMyatt, David. 2012. ‘On the Rhetorical Strategies of Leaders: Speaking Clearly, Standing Back, and Stepping Down’. Journal of Theoretical Politics 24(4):431460.
Dickson, Eric. forthcoming. ‘Leadership, Followership, and Beliefs about the World: an Experiment’. British Journal of Political Science.
Easter, Gerald. 2000. Reconstructing the State: Personal Networks and Elite Identity in Soviet Russia. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Edwards, George. 2003. On Deaf Ears: The Limits of the Bully Pulpit. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Fraser, ScottLord, Robert. 1988. ‘Stimulus Prototypicality and General Leadership Impressions: Their Role in Leadership and Behavioral Ratings’. The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied 122(3):291303.
Garner, Wendell R.Felfoldy, Gary. 1970. ‘Integrality of Stimulus Dimensions in Various Types of Information Processing’. Cognitive Psychology 1:225241.
Golosov, Grigorii. 2011. ‘Regional Roots of Electoral Authoritarianism in Russia’. Europe-Asia Studies 63(4):623639.
Grimmer, JustinStewart, Brandon. 2013. ‘Text as Data: The Promise and Pitfalls of Automatic Content Analysis Methods for Political Texts’. Political Analysis forthcoming.
Hermalin, Benjamin. 1998. ‘Toward an Economic Theory of Leadership’. American Economic Review 88(5):11881206.
Hermalin, Benjamin. 2007. ‘Leading for the Long Term’. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 62(1):119.
Herzog, AlexanderMikhaylov, Slava. 2010. ‘Estimating Government Discretion in Fiscal Policy Making’. Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper 339.
Hopkins, DanielKing, Gary. 2010. ‘A Method of Automated Nonparametric Content Analysis for Social Science’. American Journal of Political Science 54(1):229247.
Humphreys, Macartan, Masters, WilliamSandbu, Martin. 2006. ‘The Role of Leaders in Democratic Deliberations Results from a Field Experiment in Sao Tome and Principe’. World Politics 58(4):583622.
International Energy Agency. 2011. World Energy Outlook 2011.
Kolesnikov, Andrei. 2008. Razdvoenie VVP: Kak Putin Medvedeva Vybral. [Splitting VVP: How Putin Chose Medvedev] Moscow: Biblioteka Kommersant.
Kostenko, Natalia, Glinkin, MaximNikol'sky, Alexey. 2009. ‘The Authority Spoke in Two’. Vedomosti 82(2352):1.
Kostenko, Natalia, Taratuta, YuliaGlinkin, Maxim. 2011. ‘Putin Again’. Vedomosti 180(2946):1.
Laver, Michael, Benoit, KennethGarry, John. 2003. ‘Extracting Policy Positions from Political Texts Using Words as Data’. American Political Science Review 97:311331.
Le Roux, BrigitteRouanet, Henry. 2004. Geometric Data Analysis: From Correspondence Analysis to Structured Data Analysis. Berlin: Springer.
Levati, Vittoria, Sutter, MatthiasVan Der Heijden, Eline. 2007. ‘Leading by Example in a Public Goods Experiment with Heterogeneity and Incomplete Information’. Journal of Conflict Resolution 51(5):793818.
Levi, Margaret. 2006. ‘Why We Need a New Theory of Government’. Perspectives on Politics 4(1):519.
Lord, Robert, Foti, RoseanneDe Vader, Christy. 1984. ‘A Test of Leadership Categorization Theory: Internal Structure, Information Processing, and Leadership Perceptions’. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 34:343378.
Lowe, William. 2008. ‘Understanding Wordscores’. Political Analysis 16(4):356371.
Lowe, WilliamBenoit, Kenneth. 2013. ‘Validating Estimates of Latent Traits From Textual Data Using Human Judgment as a Benchmark’. Political Analysis forthcoming.
Lowenthal, Richard. 1974. ‘On “Established” Communist Party Regimes’. Studies in Comparative Communism 7(4):335358.
Majumdar, Sumon, Mukand, Sharun. 2010. ‘The Leader as Catalyst: on Mass Movements and the Mechanics of Institutional Change’. Working Paper, University of Warwick.
Parfenov, Leonid. 2012. Interview with Alexei Kudrin. Kommersant, 22 January, available at http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/1856438.
Proksch, Sven-OliverSlapin, Jonathan B.. 2009. ‘How to Avoid Pitfalls in Statistical Analysis of Political Texts: The Case of Germany’. German Politics 18(3):323344.
Remington, ThomasReuter, John Ora. 2009. ‘Dominant Party Regimes and the Commitment Problem: the Case of United Russia’. Comparative Political Studies 42:501526.
Riker, William. 1996. The Strategy of Rhetoric: Campaigning for the American Constitution. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Sakwa, Richard. 2010. The Crisis of Russian Democracy: The Dual State, Factionalism and the Medvedev Succession. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sarter, Martin, Gehring, WilliamKozak, Rouba. 2006. ‘More Attention Must be Paid: The Neurobiology of Attentional Effort’. Brain Research Reviews 51:145160.
Shevtsova, Liliya, Kramer, David. 2012. Medvedev the Phony. Foreign Policy [online edition], available at http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/05/07/medvedev_the_phony.
Skinner, Kiron, Kudelia, Serhiy, Bueno de Mesquita, BruceRice, Condoleezza. 2007. The Strategy of Campaigning: Lessons from Ronald Reagan and Boris Yeltsin. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Slapin, JonathanProksch, Sven-Oliver. 2008. ‘A Scaling Model for Estimating Time-Series Party Positions from Texts’. American Journal of Political Science 52(3):705722.
Spirling, Arthur. 2012. ‘US Treaty Making with American Indians: Institutional Change and Relative Power, 1784–1911’. American Journal of Political Science 56(1):8497.
Stone, DanZiebart, David. 1995. ‘A Model of Financial Incentive Effects in Decision Making’. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 61(3):250261.
Urnov, Mark. 2011. ‘Modernization in Russia: Clash of Concepts’. Moscow: Higher School of Economics. Typescript.
Whitfold, AndrewYates, Jeff. 2003. ‘Policy Signals and Executive Governance: Presidential Rhetoric in the War on Drugs’. Journal of Politics 65(4):9951012.
Type Description Title
UNKNOWN
Supplementary materials

Baturo and Mikhaylov Datasets
Datasets

 Unknown
PDF
Supplementary materials

Baturo and Mikhaylov supplementary material
Supplementary data

 PDF (733 KB)
733 KB

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed