Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Norway and the ‘winning’ of Australian Antarctica

  • Noel D. Barrett (a1)

Abstract

Enquiries by Norwegian whalers precipitated the British annexation of the Falkland Island Dependencies and the Ross Dependency. Seeking territory free of British control, Lars Christensen's Norwegian whalers claimed Bouvet Island, which the British believed was theirs. Realisation of the economic value of whaling led Leopold Amery, of the British colonial office to develop Britain's Antarctic domination policy. In pursuit of this policy, the 1926 Imperial Conference formulated a process to claim a sector of Antarctica for Australia. A.G. Price's The Winning of Australian Antarctica describes the role of the Mawson led BANZARE in this process. To gain title to Bouvet Island, the Norwegian Government, dependant on friendly relations with Britain, agreed not to claim territory listed by the Imperial Conference as of ‘special interest’ to Britain. Claims made by whalers who had mapped and named territory in the unlisted area between Kemp and Queen Mary Lands were rejected by the Norwegian prime minister. Following the 1933 Order in Council establishing the Australian Antarctic Territory, Norway raised concerns that the territory included Haakon VII Vidde (polar plateau) and the parts of Dronning (Queen) Maud Land that had been mapped and discovered by Norwegians. Price's contention that Australian Antarctica was ‘won’ is questionable.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Aagaard, B. 1930. Fangst of Forskning I Sydishavet, vol. 2. Oslo: Gyldendal Norsk Forlag.
Aagaard, B. 1934. Fangst of Forskning I Sydishavet, vol. 3. Oslo: Gyldendal Norsk Forlag.
Australian Antarctic Territory Acceptance Bill. 1933. Commonwealth Parliamentary Debates (House of Representatives) vol. 139, 26 May 1933: 1949.
Ayres, P. 2003. Mawson: a life. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.
Beck, P.J. 1983. British Antarctic policy in the early 20th century. Polar Record 21 (134): 475483.
Bogen, H.S.I. 1957. Main events in the history of Antarctic exploration. Sandefjord: Norwegian Whaling Gazette.
British Letters Patent. 1908. Letters Patent providing for the Government of the Falkland Islands Dependencies, 21 July 1908. In: Bush 1982b. vol. 3: 251–254.
Burgess, P.M. 1968. Elite images and foreign policy outcomes: a study of Norway. Ohio: Ohio State University Press.
Bush, W.M. (editor). 1982a. Antarctica and international law: a collection of Inter-state and national documents vol. 2. London: Oceana.
Bush, W.M. (editor). 1982b. Antarctica and international law: a collection of inter-state and national documents vol. 3. London: Oceana.
Christensen, L. 1935. Such is the Antarctic. London: Hodder and Stoughton.
Chamberlain, A. 1925. Foreign secretary (Sir A. Chamberlain) to Norwegian minister, London (B. Vogt), 3 November 1925. In: Bush 1982b. vol. 3: 50.
Colban, E. 1939. Norwegian minister, London (E. Colban) to foreign secretary (Viscount Halifax) 14 January, 1939. In: Bush 1982a. vol. 2: 158.
Derry, T.K. 1957. A short history of Norway. London: Allen and Unwin.
GBFORD (Great Britain, Foreign Office, Research Department). 1945. Territorial Claims in the Antarctic. London: Foreign Office, Research Department.
Grey, E. 1906. Foreign secretary (Sir E. Grey) to Norwegian minister, London (Dr. F. Nansen). 16 May 1906. In: Bush 1982b. vol. 3: 240–241.
Grey, E. 1907. Foreign secretary (Sir E. Grey) to Norwegian minister, London (Dr. F. Nansen). 30 April 1907. In: Bush 1982b. vol. 3: 245–247.
Hayes, J.G. 1928. Antarctica. London: The Richards Press.
Imperial Conference. 1926. Report of the committee appointed by the Imperial Conference, 1926, to consider British policy in the Antarctic, 19 November 1926. In: Bush 1982a. vol. 2: 100–104.
Irgens, J. 1906. Norwegian chargé d’ affaires, London (J. Irgens) to British foreign secretary (Sir E. Grey), 23 February 1906. In: Bush 1982b. vol. 3: 239–240.
Légation de Norvege. 1907. Norwegian memorandum to the United Kingdom requesting information on the territorial rights over the South Orkney Islands, the South Shetland Islands and Graham Land, 4 March 1907. In: Bush 1982a. vol. 3: 241–242.
Lindley, F. 1928. British minister, Oslo (Sir F. Lindley) to Norwegian foreign minister (Professor Bull), 13 February 1928. In: Bush 1982a. vol. 2: 108.
Mawson, D. 1932. The B.A.N.Z. Antarctic research expedition, 1929–1931. The Geographical Journal 80 (2) (August 1932): 101126.
Mawson, D. 1988. Mawson's Antarctic diaries, Jacka, (editors F. and Jacka, E.). Sydney: Allen and Unwin.
Mounsey, G. 1938. Assistant under secretary of state for foreign affairs (Sir G. Mounsey) to Norwegian minister, London (E. Colban), 11 November 1938. In: Bush 1982a. vol. 2: 154–157.
Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 1927. Ministry of foreign affairs to Consul Lars Christensen (Oslo, 31 August 1927). In: Bush 1982b. vol. 3: 113–114.
Order in Councill. 1933. Order in Council placing certain territory in the Antarctic seas under the authority of the Commonwealth of Australia, 7 February 1933. In: Bush 1982a. vol. 2: 142–143.
Price, A.G. 1962. The winning of Australian Antarctica: Mawson's B.A.N.Z.A.R.E. voyages 1929–31. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.
Riiser-Larsen, H. 1930. The Norvegia Antarctic expedition of 1929–1930. Geographical Review 20 (4) (October 1930): 555573.
Swan, R.A. 1961. Australia in the Antarctic. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.
Tønnessen, J.N., and Johnsen, A.O.. 1982. The history of modern whaling. London: C. Hurst and Co.
Vogt, B. 1925. Norwegian minister, London (B. Vogt) to foreign secretary (Sir A. Chamberlain), 24 February 1925. In: Bush 1982b. vol. 3: 48–50.
Vogt, B. 1927. Norwegian minister, London (B. Vogt) to foreign secretary (Sir A. Chamberlain), 13 May 1927. In: Bush 1982b. vol. 3: 57–58.
Vogt, B. 1928a. Norwegian minister, London (B. Vogt) to British foreign secretary (Sir A. Chamberlain), 19 January 1928. In: Bush 1982b. vol. 3: 114–115.
Vogt, B. 1928b. Norwegian memorandum to the United Kingdom concerning territories which the Imperial Conference, 1926 asserted to be British, 14 November 1928. In: Bush 1982a. vol. 2: 115–116.
Vogt, B. 1934. Memorandum communicated by the Norwegian minister (B. Vogt) to the foreign office, 26 January 1934. In: Bush 1982a. vol. 2: 149–150.

Norway and the ‘winning’ of Australian Antarctica

  • Noel D. Barrett (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed