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Game Conservation in Arctic Canada

  • Brian Roberts


It is only within comparatively recent years that the problem of conserving the game resources of the Northwest Territories has become a matter requiring the serious attention of those responsible for the administration of the Territories. The slow development of a crisis arose from the lack of co-ordinated knowledge and from the assumption that a sparse human population scattered over an immense area would not necessarily lead to any serious depletion in the numbers of wild animals. Fortunately investigation was begun and a measure of control effected in time; otherwise the story of the plains buffalo might have been repeated in the barren-ground caribou, as it was to a large degree in the musk ox, which are now reduced on the mainland to a few small herds within or close to the Thelon Game Sanctuary.



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page 500 note 1 Canada's Western Northland: its History, Resources, Population and Administration. Ottawa, Dept. Mines and Resources, 1937.

page 502 note 1 Royal Commission on Reindeer and Musk Ox. Report Dept. Interior, Ottawa, 1922.

page 502 note 2 Reindeer Grazing in Northwest Canada, by Porsild, A. E.. Dept. Interior, Ottawa, 1929.

page 503 note 1 See The Polar Record, No. 10, pp. 103–4; No. 17, p. 57; No. 18, p. 142; and No. 19, pp. 231–2, for the history of this enterprise.

page 503 note 2 Canada's Reindeer. Northwest Territories Administration. Ottawa, 1940, and Supplement, issued 1940.

page 506 note 1 Conserving Canada's Musk-oxen, being an account of an investigation of Thelon Game Sanctuary…, by Hoare, W. H. B.. Dept. Interior, Ottawa, 1930. [Maps of present distribution of musk-oxen and caribou.]

page 506 note 2 “A Biological Investigation of the Thelon Game Sanctuary”, by Clarke, C. H. D.. Bull. Nat. Mus. Canada, No. 96 (Biological Series No. 25), pp. 1136. [This publication bears no date; it was issued in 1940.]

page 507 note 1 “Wood Buffalo Park”, by Soper, J. D.. Canada's Western Northland. Dept. Mines and Resources, Ottawa, 1937, pp. 9196; History, Range and Home Life of the Northern Bison”, by Soper, J. D.. Ecological Monographs, vol. xi, No. 4, 1941, pp. 347412.

Game Conservation in Arctic Canada

  • Brian Roberts


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