Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Variation for seed physical and hydration properties of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) mini core collection and their relevance to conservation and utilization

  • D. V. S. S. R. Sastry (a1), H. D. Upadhyaya (a1) (a2) and T. R. Srinivas (a1)

Abstract

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an important grain legume nutritionally balanced for human consumption. The physical properties of chickpea seeds are important for processing and storage as well as for assessing seed quality and the hydration properties related to cooking quality. The chickpea mini core collection (211 accessions) and four control cultivars were evaluated for seed morphological (seed colour, shape, dots on seed coat and surface texture); physical (seed moisture content, 100-seed weight, seed coat content, length, width, thickness, geometric mean diameter (GMD), surface area, sphericity, shape aspect, volume, bulk density, true density and porosity); and hydration traits (hydration capacity, hydration index, swelling capacity and swelling index). Highly significant differences were observed for all the seed traits in the mini core collection. Correlation coefficients indicated that accessions with high or more seed weight, GMD, sphericity, seed shape aspect, swelling capacity and swelling index would be useful for utilization in research. The results of this study have refined the seed traits of chickpea and resulted in identifying several desirable accessions in the mini core. Some of these accessions were previously identified as promising sources for important agronomic and nutritional traits and for resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses and will be useful sources to develop high-yielding cultivars with desirable seed physical and hydration quality.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author. E-mail: h.upadhyaya@cgiar.org

References

Hide All
Abbo, S, Berger, J and Turner, NC (2003) Evolution of cultivated chickpea: four bottlenecks limit diversity and constrain adaptation. Functional Plant Biology 30: 10811087. doi:10.1071/FP03084.
Agbola, FW, Kelley, TG, Bent, MJ and Rao, PP (2002) Eliciting and valuing market preferences with traditional food crops: the case of chickpea in India. International Food Agribusiness Management Review 5: 721.
Badshah, A, Khan, M, Bibi, N, Khan, M, Saijad, A, Chaudry, MA and Khattak, SM (2003) Quality studies of newly evolved chickpea cultivars. Advances in Food Sciences 25: 9599.
Barker, B (2007) Grow bigger kabuli chickpea seed. Available at http://www.topcropmanager.com/content/view/1047/132/ (verified 29 Sept. 2010).
Biçer, TB (2009) The effect of seed size on yield and yield components of chickpea and lentil. African Journal of Biotechnology 8: 14821487.
Dua, RP, Chaturvedi, SK and Sewak, S (2001) Reference Varieties of Chickpea for IPR Regime. Kanpur, India: Indian Institute of Pulse Research, p. 34.
Dutta, SK, Nema, K and Bhardwaj, RK (2004) Physical properties of gram. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 39: 259268.
Eissa, AHA, Mohamed, MA, Moustafa, H and Alghannam, ARO (2010) Moisture dependent physical and mechanical properties of chickpea seeds. International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering 3: 7083.
El-Swaify, SA, Pathak, P, Rego, TJ and Singh, S (1985) Soil management for optimized productivity under rainfed conditions in the semi-arid tropics. Advances Soil Science 1: 164. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4612-5046-3_1.
FAOSTAT (2016) Source: http://faostat.fao.org/ (accessed on 4 May, 2018).
Ghadge, PN, Vairagar, PR and Prasad, K (2008) Physical properties of chick pea split (Cicer arietinum L.). Agricultural Engineering International: the CIGR Journal X: 19.
Gil, J and Cubero, JI (1993) Inheritance of seed coat thickness in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and its evolutionary implications. Plant Breeding 111: 257260. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0523.1993.tb00639.x.
Gowda, CLL, Upadhyaya, HD, Dronavalli, N and Singh, S (2011) Identification of large-seeded high-yielding stable kabuli chickpea germplasm lines for use in crop improvement. Crop Science 51: 198209.
Gürsoy, S and Güzel, E (2010) Determination of physical properties of some agricultural grains. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology 2: 492498.
Gvozdeva, ZV and Zhukova, NV (1971) Influence of storage conditions on longevity of seeds of bean, chickpea and soybean. Trudy po Prikladnoi Botanike 45: 161168.
Hossain, S, Ford, R, McNeil, D, Pittock, C and Panozzo, JF (2010) Development of a selection tool for seed shape and QTL analysis of seed shape with other morphological traits for selective breeding in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Australian Journal of Crop Science 4: 278288.
IBPGR, ICRISAT and ICARDA (1993) Descriptors for Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Rome, Italy; International Board for Plant Genetic Resources, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, India and International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Aleppo, Syria.
ICRISAT (1994) Plant Material Description no. 57. Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics.
ICRISAT (2009) ICRISAT Archival Report 2009. Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. Available at http://intranet/ddg/Admin%20Pages2009/Archival_Report_2009.aspx (accessed 20 March 2013).
ISTA (1993) International rules for seed testing. Seed Science and Technology 21(Suppl,): 1288.
Jha, NS (1999) Physical and hygroscopic properties of makhana. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 72: 145150.
Jukanti, AK, Gaur, PM, Gowda, CLL and Chibar, RN (2012) Nutritional quality and health benefits of chickpea (Cicer arietinum l.). British Journal of Nutrition 108 (Suppl 1): S11S26. doi: 10.1017/S0007114512000797.
Kashiwagi, J, Krishnamurthy, L, Upadhyaya, HD, Krishna, HS, Chandra, S and Vadez, V (2005) Genetic variability of drought-avoidance root traits in the mini core germplasm collection of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Euphytica 146: 213222. doi: 10.1007/s10681-005-9007-1.
Kaur, M, Singh, N and Sodhi, NS (2005) Physicochemical, cooking, textural and roasting characteristics of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars. Journal of Food Engineering 69: 511517. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2004.09.002.
Khattak, AB, Khattak, GSS, Mahmood, Z, Bibi, N and Ihsanullah, I (2006) Study of selected quality and agronomic characteristics and their interrelationship in Kabuli-type chickpea genotypes (Cicer arietinum L.). International Journal of Food Science & Technology 41(Supple. 2): 15.
Konak, M, Carman, K and Aydin, C (2002) Physical properties chickpea seeds. Biosystems Engineering 82: 7378.
Kumar, J, Haware, MP and Smithson, JB (1985) Registration of four short duration fusarium wilt resistant kabuli (garbanzo) chickpea germplasm. Crop Science 25: 576577. doi: 10.2135/cropsci1985.0011183X00250003004.
Li, H and Burton, JW (2002) Selecting increased seed density to increase indirectly soybean seed protein concentration. Crop Science 42: 393398.
Lokare, YA, Patil, JV and Chavan, UD (2007) Genetic analysis of yield and quality traits in kabuli chickpea. Journal of Food Legumes 2: 147149.
Lopez, BL and Fuentes, M (1990) Cooking quality of chickpea. Options Méditerranéennes – Série Séminaires – n.o. 9: 113125.
Malik, SR, Saleem, M, Iqbal, U, Zahid, MA, Bakhsh, A and Iqbal, SM (2011) Genetic analysis of physiochemical traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum) seeds. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 13: 10331036.
Meena, HP, Kumar, J, Upadhyaya, HD, Bharadwaj, C, Chauhan, SK, Verma, AK and Rizvi, AH (2010) Chickpea mini core germplasm collection as rich sources of diversity for crop improvement. Journal of SAT Agricultural Research 8: 15.
Mehla, IS, Waldia, SR and Dahiya, SS (2001) Variation and relationship among cooking quality attributes across the environments in ‘Kabuli’ chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of Food Science and Technology 3: 283286.
Mohsenin, NN (1986) Physical Properties of Plant and Animal Materials, 2nd edn. New York: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers.
Nelson, RL and Wang, P (1989) Variation and evaluation of seed shape in soy bean. Crop Science 29: 147150.
Nikobin, M, Mirdavardoost, F, Kashaninejad, M and Soltani, A (2009) Moisture-dependent physical properties of chickpea seeds. Journal of Food Processing Engineering 32: 544564.
Omobuwajo, OT, Akande, AE and Sann, AL (1999) Selected physical, mechanical and aerodynamic properties of African Breadfruit (Treculia africana) seeds. Journal of Food Engineering 40: 241244.
Oomaha, BD, Warda, S and Parthiba Balasubramanian, B (2010) Dehulling and selected physical characteristics of Canadian dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars. Food Research International 43: 14101415.
Ozer, S, Karakoy, T, Toklu, F, Baloch, FS, Kilian, B and Ozkan, H (2010) Nutritional and physicochemical variation in Turkish kabuli chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) landraces. Euphytica 175: 237249.
Pande, S, Kishore, GK, Upadhyaya, HD and Rao, JN (2006) Identification of sources of multiple disease resistance in mini core collection of chickpea. Plant Disease 90: 12141218. doi: 10.1094/PD-90-1214.
Patanè, C (2006) Variation and relationship among some nutritional traits in Sicilian genotypes of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of Food Quality 29: 282293.
Patanè, C, Iacoponi, E and Raccuia, SA (2004) Physico-chemical characteristics, water absorption, soaking and cooking properties of some Sicilian populations of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). International Journal Food Science Nutrition 55: 547554. doi: 10.1080/09637480400015836.
Ramasamy, R and Harte, JB (2009) Milling and physicochemical properties of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 89: 258266. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3435.
Regan, K, MacLeod, B and Siddique, K (2006) Production Packages for Kabuli Chickpea in Western Australia. Farm Note No. 117. South Perth, WA: Department of Agri & Food.
Sastry, DVSSR, Upadhyaya, HD and Gowda, CLL (2014) Determination of physical properties of chickpea seeds and their relevance in germplasm collections. Indian Journal of Plant Genetic Resources 27: 19.
Sfayhi, D and Kharrat, M (2011) Physiological and cooking characteristics of Tunisian chickpea varieties. Food 5: 6872.
Singh, T (2016) Estimation of genetic parameters and character associations for yield and quality traits in chickpea. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research 50: 117121. doi: 10.18805 /ijare.v0iOF.8437.
Singh, U, Kumar, J, Jambunathan, R and Smithson, JB (1980) Variability in the seed coat content of desi and kabuli chickpea cultivars. International Chickpea Newsletter 3: 18.
Singh, OP, Yadava, HS and Agrawal, SC (2003) Divergence analysis for quality traits in chickpea. Indian Journal of Pulses Research 1: 1213.
Southgate, BJ (1979) Biology of Bruchidae. Annual Review of Entomology 24: 449473.
Sreenarayanaa, VV, Visvanathan, R and Subramaniyan, V (1988) Physical and thermal properties of soybean. Journal of Agricultural Engineering 25: 7682.
Tizazu, H and Emire, SA (2010) Chemical composition, physicochemical and functional properties of lupin seeds grown in Ethiopia. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 10: 30293046.
Upadhyaya, HD and Ortiz, R (2001) A mini core collection for capturing diversity and promoting utilization of chickpea genetic resources in crop improvement. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 102: 12921298.
Upadhyaya, HD, Bramel, PJ and Singh, S (2001) Development of a chickpea core set using geographic distribution and quantitative traits. Crop Science 41: 206210.
Upadhyaya, HD, Yadav, D, Dronavalli, N, Gowda, CLL and Singh, S (2010) Mini core germplasm collections for infusing genetic diversity in plant breeding programs. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding 1: 12941309.
Upadhyaya, HD, Dronavalli, N, Dwivedi, SL, Kashiwagi, J, Krishnamurthy, L, Pande, S, Sharma, HC, Vadez, V, Singh, S, Varshney, RK and Gowda, CLL (2013) Mini core collection as a resource to identify new sources of variation. Crop Science 53: 25062517. doi: 10.2135/cropsci2013.04.0259.
Vadez, V, Krishnamurthy, L, Serraj, R, Gaur, PM, Upadhyaya, HD and Hoisington, DA (2007) Large variation in salinity tolerance in chickpea is explained by differences in sensitivity at the reproductive stage. Field Crops Research 104: 123129. doi: 10.1016/j.fcr.2007.05.014.
Van der Maesen, LJG (1984) Seed storage, viability and rejuvenation. In: Witcombe, JR and Erskine, W (eds) Genetic Resources and Their Exploitation: Chickpeas, Faba Beans and Lentils. The Hague: Nyhoff-Junk, pp. 1322.
Wang, N and Daun, J (2005) Determination of cooking times of pulses sing an automated Mattson cooker apparatus. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 85: 16311635. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.2134.
Williams, PC, Nakoul, H and Singh, KB (1983) Relationship between cooking time and some physical characteristics in chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 34: 492496. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.2740340510.
Wood, JA, Knights, EJ and Choct, M (2011) Morphology of chickpea seeds (Cicer arietinum L.): comparison of desi and kabuli types. International Journal of Plant Sciences 172: 632643. doi: 10.1086/659456.
Wood, JA, Knights, EJ, Campbell, GM and Choct, M (2014) Differences between easy- and difficult-to-mill chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes. Part III: free sugar and non-starch polysaccharide composition. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 94: 14541462. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.6445.
Yadav, SP and Sharma, SP (2000) Variation for hilum colour and its stability during four crop seasons in soybean (Glycine max L.). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 71: 2326.

Keywords

Type Description Title
UNKNOWN
Supplementary materials

Sastry et al. supplementary material
Sastry et al. supplementary material 1

 Unknown (211 KB)
211 KB

Variation for seed physical and hydration properties of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) mini core collection and their relevance to conservation and utilization

  • D. V. S. S. R. Sastry (a1), H. D. Upadhyaya (a1) (a2) and T. R. Srinivas (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed